Background: #fff
Foreground: #000
PrimaryPale: #8cf
PrimaryLight: #18f
PrimaryMid: #04b
PrimaryDark: #014
SecondaryPale: #ffc
SecondaryLight: #fe8
SecondaryMid: #db4
SecondaryDark: #841
TertiaryPale: #eee
TertiaryLight: #ccc
TertiaryMid: #999
TertiaryDark: #666
Error: #f88
<!--{{{-->
<div class='toolbar' macro='toolbar [[ToolbarCommands::EditToolbar]]'></div>
<div class='title' macro='view title'></div>
<div class='editor' macro='edit title'></div>
<div macro='annotations'></div>
<div class='editor' macro='edit text'></div>
<div class='editor' macro='edit tags'></div><div class='editorFooter'><span macro='message views.editor.tagPrompt'></span><span macro='tagChooser excludeLists'></span></div>
<!--}}}-->
To get started with this blank [[TiddlyWiki]], you'll need to modify the following tiddlers:
* [[SiteTitle]] & [[SiteSubtitle]]: The title and subtitle of the site, as shown above (after saving, they will also appear in the browser title bar)
* [[MainMenu]]: The menu (usually on the left)
* [[DefaultTiddlers]]: Contains the names of the tiddlers that you want to appear when the TiddlyWiki is opened
You'll also need to enter your username for signing your edits: <<option txtUserName>>
<<importTiddlers>>
<!--{{{-->
<link rel='alternate' type='application/rss+xml' title='RSS' href='index.xml' />
<!--}}}-->
These [[InterfaceOptions]] for customising [[TiddlyWiki]] are saved in your browser

Your username for signing your edits. Write it as a [[WikiWord]] (eg [[JoeBloggs]])

<<option txtUserName>>
<<option chkSaveBackups>> [[SaveBackups]]
<<option chkAutoSave>> [[AutoSave]]
<<option chkRegExpSearch>> [[RegExpSearch]]
<<option chkCaseSensitiveSearch>> [[CaseSensitiveSearch]]
<<option chkAnimate>> [[EnableAnimations]]

----
Also see [[AdvancedOptions]]
<!--{{{-->
<div class='header' role='banner' macro='gradient vert [[ColorPalette::PrimaryLight]] [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]'>
<div class='headerShadow'>
<span class='siteTitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteTitle'></span>&nbsp;
<span class='siteSubtitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteSubtitle'></span>
</div>
<div class='headerForeground'>
<span class='siteTitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteTitle'></span>&nbsp;
<span class='siteSubtitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteSubtitle'></span>
</div>
</div>
<div id='mainMenu' role='navigation' refresh='content' tiddler='MainMenu'></div>
<div id='sidebar'>
<div id='sidebarOptions' role='navigation' refresh='content' tiddler='SideBarOptions'></div>
<div id='sidebarTabs' role='complementary' refresh='content' force='true' tiddler='SideBarTabs'></div>
</div>
<div id='displayArea' role='main'>
<div id='messageArea'></div>
<div id='tiddlerDisplay'></div>
</div>
<!--}}}-->
/*{{{*/
body {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}

a {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
a:hover {background-color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
a img {border:0;}

h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6 {color:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]]; background:transparent;}
h1 {border-bottom:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}
h2,h3 {border-bottom:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}

.button {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.button:hover {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; border-color:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]];}
.button:active {color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]]; border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]];}

.header {background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
.headerShadow {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
.headerShadow a {font-weight:normal; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
.headerForeground {color:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.headerForeground a {font-weight:normal; color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];}

.tabSelected {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]];
	background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]];
	border-left:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];
	border-top:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];
	border-right:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];
}
.tabUnselected {color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
.tabContents {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]]; border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}
.tabContents .button {border:0;}

#sidebar {}
#sidebarOptions input {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel {background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel a {border:none;color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel a:hover {color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel a:active {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]; background:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}

.wizard {background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]]; border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
.wizard h1 {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; border:none;}
.wizard h2 {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border:none;}
.wizardStep {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];
	border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
.wizardStep.wizardStepDone {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}
.wizardFooter {background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];}
.wizardFooter .status {background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.wizard .button {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; border: 1px solid;
	border-color:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]] [[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]] [[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]] [[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]];}
.wizard .button:hover {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; background:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.wizard .button:active {color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border: 1px solid;
	border-color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]] [[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]] [[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]] [[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]];}

.wizard .notChanged {background:transparent;}
.wizard .changedLocally {background:#80ff80;}
.wizard .changedServer {background:#8080ff;}
.wizard .changedBoth {background:#ff8080;}
.wizard .notFound {background:#ffff80;}
.wizard .putToServer {background:#ff80ff;}
.wizard .gotFromServer {background:#80ffff;}

#messageArea {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
#messageArea .button {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]]; border:none;}

.popupTiddler {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]]; border:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}

.popup {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]]; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; border-left:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]]; border-top:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]]; border-right:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; border-bottom:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}
.popup hr {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; background:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]]; border-bottom:1px;}
.popup li.disabled {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
.popup li a, .popup li a:visited {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border: none;}
.popup li a:hover {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border: none;}
.popup li a:active {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border: none;}
.popupHighlight {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
.listBreak div {border-bottom:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.tiddler .defaultCommand {font-weight:bold;}

.shadow .title {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.title {color:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]];}
.subtitle {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.toolbar {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
.toolbar a {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}
.selected .toolbar a {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
.selected .toolbar a:hover {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}

.tagging, .tagged {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]]; background-color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]];}
.selected .tagging, .selected .tagged {background-color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]]; border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
.tagging .listTitle, .tagged .listTitle {color:[[ColorPalette::PrimaryDark]];}
.tagging .button, .tagged .button {border:none;}

.footer {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}
.selected .footer {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}

.error, .errorButton {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; background:[[ColorPalette::Error]];}
.warning {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]];}
.lowlight {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryLight]];}

.zoomer {background:none; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]]; border:3px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}

.imageLink, #displayArea .imageLink {background:transparent;}

.annotation {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; border:2px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]];}

.viewer .listTitle {list-style-type:none; margin-left:-2em;}
.viewer .button {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]];}
.viewer blockquote {border-left:3px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.viewer table, table.twtable {border:2px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}
.viewer th, .viewer thead td, .twtable th, .twtable thead td {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]]; border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.viewer td, .viewer tr, .twtable td, .twtable tr {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.viewer pre {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]];}
.viewer code {color:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryDark]];}
.viewer hr {border:0; border-top:dashed 1px [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]]; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}

.highlight, .marked {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]];}

.editor input {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];}
.editor textarea {border:1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]]; width:100%;}
.editorFooter {color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
.readOnly {background:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]];}

#backstageArea {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; color:[[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];}
#backstageArea a {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border:none;}
#backstageArea a:hover {background:[[ColorPalette::SecondaryLight]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; }
#backstageArea a.backstageSelTab {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
#backstageButton a {background:none; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border:none;}
#backstageButton a:hover {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border:none;}
#backstagePanel {background:[[ColorPalette::Background]]; border-color: [[ColorPalette::Background]] [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]] [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]] [[ColorPalette::TertiaryDark]];}
.backstagePanelFooter .button {border:none; color:[[ColorPalette::Background]];}
.backstagePanelFooter .button:hover {color:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]];}
#backstageCloak {background:[[ColorPalette::Foreground]]; opacity:0.6; filter:alpha(opacity=60);}
/*}}}*/
/*{{{*/
* html .tiddler {height:1%;}

body {font-size:.75em; font-family:arial,helvetica; margin:0; padding:0;}

h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6 {font-weight:bold; text-decoration:none;}
h1,h2,h3 {padding-bottom:1px; margin-top:1.2em;margin-bottom:0.3em;}
h4,h5,h6 {margin-top:1em;}
h1 {font-size:1.35em;}
h2 {font-size:1.25em;}
h3 {font-size:1.1em;}
h4 {font-size:1em;}
h5 {font-size:.9em;}

hr {height:1px;}

a {text-decoration:none;}

dt {font-weight:bold;}

ol {list-style-type:decimal;}
ol ol {list-style-type:lower-alpha;}
ol ol ol {list-style-type:lower-roman;}
ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:decimal;}
ol ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:lower-alpha;}
ol ol ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:lower-roman;}
ol ol ol ol ol ol ol {list-style-type:decimal;}

.txtOptionInput {width:11em;}

#contentWrapper .chkOptionInput {border:0;}

.externalLink {text-decoration:underline;}

.indent {margin-left:3em;}
.outdent {margin-left:3em; text-indent:-3em;}
code.escaped {white-space:nowrap;}

.tiddlyLinkExisting {font-weight:bold;}
.tiddlyLinkNonExisting {font-style:italic;}

/* the 'a' is required for IE, otherwise it renders the whole tiddler in bold */
a.tiddlyLinkNonExisting.shadow {font-weight:bold;}

#mainMenu .tiddlyLinkExisting,
	#mainMenu .tiddlyLinkNonExisting,
	#sidebarTabs .tiddlyLinkNonExisting {font-weight:normal; font-style:normal;}
#sidebarTabs .tiddlyLinkExisting {font-weight:bold; font-style:normal;}

.header {position:relative;}
.header a:hover {background:transparent;}
.headerShadow {position:relative; padding:4.5em 0 1em 1em; left:-1px; top:-1px;}
.headerForeground {position:absolute; padding:4.5em 0 1em 1em; left:0; top:0;}

.siteTitle {font-size:3em;}
.siteSubtitle {font-size:1.2em;}

#mainMenu {position:absolute; left:0; width:10em; text-align:right; line-height:1.6em; padding:1.5em 0.5em 0.5em 0.5em; font-size:1.1em;}

#sidebar {position:absolute; right:3px; width:16em; font-size:.9em;}
#sidebarOptions {padding-top:0.3em;}
#sidebarOptions a {margin:0 0.2em; padding:0.2em 0.3em; display:block;}
#sidebarOptions input {margin:0.4em 0.5em;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel {margin-left:1em; padding:0.5em; font-size:.85em;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel a {font-weight:bold; display:inline; padding:0;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel input {margin:0 0 0.3em 0;}
#sidebarTabs .tabContents {width:15em; overflow:hidden;}

.wizard {padding:0.1em 1em 0 2em;}
.wizard h1 {font-size:2em; font-weight:bold; background:none; padding:0; margin:0.4em 0 0.2em;}
.wizard h2 {font-size:1.2em; font-weight:bold; background:none; padding:0; margin:0.4em 0 0.2em;}
.wizardStep {padding:1em 1em 1em 1em;}
.wizard .button {margin:0.5em 0 0; font-size:1.2em;}
.wizardFooter {padding:0.8em 0.4em 0.8em 0;}
.wizardFooter .status {padding:0 0.4em; margin-left:1em;}
.wizard .button {padding:0.1em 0.2em;}

#messageArea {position:fixed; top:2em; right:0; margin:0.5em; padding:0.5em; z-index:2000; _position:absolute;}
.messageToolbar {display:block; text-align:right; padding:0.2em;}
#messageArea a {text-decoration:underline;}

.tiddlerPopupButton {padding:0.2em;}
.popupTiddler {position: absolute; z-index:300; padding:1em; margin:0;}

.popup {position:absolute; z-index:300; font-size:.9em; padding:0; list-style:none; margin:0;}
.popup .popupMessage {padding:0.4em;}
.popup hr {display:block; height:1px; width:auto; padding:0; margin:0.2em 0;}
.popup li.disabled {padding:0.4em;}
.popup li a {display:block; padding:0.4em; font-weight:normal; cursor:pointer;}
.listBreak {font-size:1px; line-height:1px;}
.listBreak div {margin:2px 0;}

.tabset {padding:1em 0 0 0.5em;}
.tab {margin:0 0 0 0.25em; padding:2px;}
.tabContents {padding:0.5em;}
.tabContents ul, .tabContents ol {margin:0; padding:0;}
.txtMainTab .tabContents li {list-style:none;}
.tabContents li.listLink { margin-left:.75em;}

#contentWrapper {display:block;}
#splashScreen {display:none;}

#displayArea {margin:1em 17em 0 14em;}

.toolbar {text-align:right; font-size:.9em;}

.tiddler {padding:1em 1em 0;}

.missing .viewer,.missing .title {font-style:italic;}

.title {font-size:1.6em; font-weight:bold;}

.missing .subtitle {display:none;}
.subtitle {font-size:1.1em;}

.tiddler .button {padding:0.2em 0.4em;}

.tagging {margin:0.5em 0.5em 0.5em 0; float:left; display:none;}
.isTag .tagging {display:block;}
.tagged {margin:0.5em; float:right;}
.tagging, .tagged {font-size:0.9em; padding:0.25em;}
.tagging ul, .tagged ul {list-style:none; margin:0.25em; padding:0;}
.tagClear {clear:both;}

.footer {font-size:.9em;}
.footer li {display:inline;}

.annotation {padding:0.5em; margin:0.5em;}

* html .viewer pre {width:99%; padding:0 0 1em 0;}
.viewer {line-height:1.4em; padding-top:0.5em;}
.viewer .button {margin:0 0.25em; padding:0 0.25em;}
.viewer blockquote {line-height:1.5em; padding-left:0.8em;margin-left:2.5em;}
.viewer ul, .viewer ol {margin-left:0.5em; padding-left:1.5em;}

.viewer table, table.twtable {border-collapse:collapse; margin:0.8em 1.0em;}
.viewer th, .viewer td, .viewer tr,.viewer caption,.twtable th, .twtable td, .twtable tr,.twtable caption {padding:3px;}
table.listView {font-size:0.85em; margin:0.8em 1.0em;}
table.listView th, table.listView td, table.listView tr {padding:0 3px 0 3px;}

.viewer pre {padding:0.5em; margin-left:0.5em; font-size:1.2em; line-height:1.4em; overflow:auto;}
.viewer code {font-size:1.2em; line-height:1.4em;}

.editor {font-size:1.1em;}
.editor input, .editor textarea {display:block; width:100%; font:inherit;}
.editorFooter {padding:0.25em 0; font-size:.9em;}
.editorFooter .button {padding-top:0; padding-bottom:0;}

.fieldsetFix {border:0; padding:0; margin:1px 0px;}

.zoomer {font-size:1.1em; position:absolute; overflow:hidden;}
.zoomer div {padding:1em;}

* html #backstage {width:99%;}
* html #backstageArea {width:99%;}
#backstageArea {display:none; position:relative; overflow: hidden; z-index:150; padding:0.3em 0.5em;}
#backstageToolbar {position:relative;}
#backstageArea a {font-weight:bold; margin-left:0.5em; padding:0.3em 0.5em;}
#backstageButton {display:none; position:absolute; z-index:175; top:0; right:0;}
#backstageButton a {padding:0.1em 0.4em; margin:0.1em;}
#backstage {position:relative; width:100%; z-index:50;}
#backstagePanel {display:none; z-index:100; position:absolute; width:90%; margin-left:3em; padding:1em;}
.backstagePanelFooter {padding-top:0.2em; float:right;}
.backstagePanelFooter a {padding:0.2em 0.4em;}
#backstageCloak {display:none; z-index:20; position:absolute; width:100%; height:100px;}

.whenBackstage {display:none;}
.backstageVisible .whenBackstage {display:block;}
/*}}}*/
/***
StyleSheet for use when a translation requires any css style changes.
This StyleSheet can be used directly by languages such as Chinese, Japanese and Korean which need larger font sizes.
***/
/*{{{*/
body {font-size:0.8em;}
#sidebarOptions {font-size:1.05em;}
#sidebarOptions a {font-style:normal;}
#sidebarOptions .sliderPanel {font-size:0.95em;}
.subtitle {font-size:0.8em;}
.viewer table.listView {font-size:0.95em;}
/*}}}*/
/*{{{*/
@media print {
#mainMenu, #sidebar, #messageArea, .toolbar, #backstageButton, #backstageArea {display: none !important;}
#displayArea {margin: 1em 1em 0em;}
noscript {display:none;} /* Fixes a feature in Firefox 1.5.0.2 where print preview displays the noscript content */
}
/*}}}*/
<!--{{{-->
<div class='toolbar' role='navigation' macro='toolbar [[ToolbarCommands::ViewToolbar]]'></div>
<div class='title' macro='view title'></div>
<div class='subtitle'><span macro='view modifier link'></span>, <span macro='view modified date'></span> (<span macro='message views.wikified.createdPrompt'></span> <span macro='view created date'></span>)</div>
<div class='tagging' macro='tagging'></div>
<div class='tagged' macro='tags'></div>
<div class='viewer' macro='view text wikified'></div>
<div class='tagClear'></div>
<!--}}}-->
/***
|''Name''|RefreshTiddlerCommand|
|''Version''|0.3.0|
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

var cmd = config.commands.refreshTiddler = {
	text: "refresh",
	locale: {
		refreshing: "Refreshing tiddler..."
	},
	tooltip: "refresh this tiddler to be the one on the server",
	handler: function(ev, src, title) {
		var tiddler = store.getTiddler(title);
		if(!tiddler) {
			tiddler = new Tiddler(title);
			merge(tiddler.fields, config.defaultCustomFields);
		}
		$(story.getTiddler(title)).find(".viewer").
			empty().text(cmd.locale.refreshing);
		var dirtyStatus = store.isDirty();
		story.loadMissingTiddler(title, {
			"server.workspace": tiddler.fields["server.recipe"]  ? "recipes/" + tiddler.fields["server.recipe"] :
				tiddler.fields["server.workspace"] || "bags/"+tiddler.fields["server.bag"],
			"server.host": tiddler.fields["server.host"],
			"server.type": tiddler.fields["server.type"]
		}, function() {
			store.setDirty(dirtyStatus);
		});
	}
};

})(jQuery);
//}}}
~Constantino-González, M. & Suthers D. (2992) Coaching collaboration in computer-mediated learning. In G. Stahl (Ed.), Computer support for collaborative learning: foundations for a CSCL community (pp. 583- 584). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Not available online
<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xl="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" version="1.1" viewBox="72 648 70 70" 
width="30" height="30">
<g stroke="none" stroke-opacity="1" stroke-dasharray="none" fill="none" fill-opacity="1">
	<g>
		<path d="M 77.59005 669.34003 C 71.532745 681.90424 73.714462 697.4441 84.135193 707.86475 
		C 97.315445 721.0451 118.684715 721.0451 131.8649 707.86475 
		C 145.04515 694.68457 145.04515 673.31537 131.8649 660.13513 
		C 121.4441 649.7141 105.90419 647.53253 93.339905 653.5899 L 102.047455 662.2976 
		C 109.58637 660.2373 117.987976 662.16803 123.90997 668.08997 
		C 132.69673 676.8767 132.69673 691.12317 123.90997 699.90985 
		C 115.12313 708.6966 100.87699 708.6966 92.09012 699.90985 
		C 86.168266 693.98804 84.23744 685.58643 86.297653 678.04755 Z M 72 648 L 72 668.25 L 78.75 661.49957 
		L 99.00019 681.7502 L 105.750175 675.00006 L 85.50013 654.75012 L 92.249985 648 Z" fill="black"
		class="glyph"/>
	</g>
</g>
</svg>
A [[SiteIcon|SiteIcon tiddler]]@glossary helps provide some identity to your space.  Ideally it'd be a square and a minimum of 48*48 pixels size.  You can upload your site icon using the uploader below.

<<binaryUploadPublic title:SiteIcon>>
|!Academic Calendar|!Date|!Due|
|Week 4| w/e 25/Mar|Outline|
|Week 9| w/e 29/Apr|Draft Report|
|Week 13| w/e 10/June|Reading list|
|Week 14| w/e 17/June|Final submission|
Unfound
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
/***
|''Name''|TiddlyFileImporter|
|''Version''|0.3.8|
|''Author''|Ben Gillies|
|''Type''|plugin|
|''Description''|Upload a TiddlyWiki file to TiddlyWeb, and import the tiddlers.|
!Usage
Upload a TiddlyWiki file to TiddlyWeb, and import the tiddlers.
!Requires
tiddlyweb
tiddlywebplugins.reflector
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($){
if(!version.extensions.TiddlyFileImporter)
{ //# ensure that the plugin is only installed once
	version.extensions.TiddlyFileImporter = { installed: true };
}

config.macros.fileImport = {
	reflectorURI: '/reflector?csrf_token=%0',
	incorrectTypeError: 'Incorrect File Type. You must upload a TiddlyWiki',
	uploadLabel: 'Upload',
	uploadLabelPrompt: 'Import tiddlers from this TiddlyWiki',
	step1FileText: 'File:',
	step1PostText: 'In the next screen you will select the tiddlers to import.',
	step1Title: 'Step 1: Pick a TiddlyWiki to import',
	step1TypeChooser: 'Import From:',
	step3Html: ['<input type="hidden" name="markList" />',
		'<input type="hidden" checked="true" name="chkSync" />',
		'<input type="hidden" name="chkSave" />',
		'<input type="hidden" name="txtSaveTiddler" />'].join(),

	handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString) {
		var wizard = new Wizard();
		wizard.createWizard(place, 'Import a TiddlyWiki');
		this.restart(wizard);
	},

	restart: function(wizard) {
		var me = config.macros.fileImport;
		wizard.addStep(me.step1Title, ['<input type="hidden" ',
			'name="markList" />'].join(""));
		var markList = wizard.getElement('markList');
		var uploadWrapper = document.createElement('div');
		markList.parentNode.insertBefore(uploadWrapper, markList);
		uploadWrapper.setAttribute('refresh', 'macro');
		uploadWrapper.getAttribute('macroName', 'fileImport');
		var iframeName = 'reflectorImporter' + Math.random().toString();
		me.createForm(uploadWrapper, wizard, iframeName);
		$(uploadWrapper).append('<p>' + me.step1PostText + '</p>');
		wizard.setValue('serverType', 'tiddlyweb');
		wizard.setValue('adaptor', new config.adaptors.file());
		wizard.setValue('host', config.defaultCustomFields['server.host']);
		wizard.setValue('context', {});
		var iframe = $(['<iframe name="' + iframeName + '" ',
			'style="display: none" />'].join("")).appendTo(uploadWrapper);
		var onSubmit = function(ev) {
			var uploadType = $('select[name=uploadtype]', wizard.formElem).val();
			if (uploadType == "file") {
				// set an onload ready to hijack the form
				me.setOnLoad(uploadWrapper, wizard, iframe[0]);
				wizard.importType = 'file';
				wizard.formElem.submit();
			} else {
				var csrf_token = config.extensions.tiddlyspace.getCSRFToken();
				$.ajax({
					url: "%0/reflector?csrf_token=%1".format(
						config.defaultCustomFields["server.host"], csrf_token),
					type: "POST",
					dataType: "text",
					data: {
						uri: $("input", ".importFrom", wizard.formElem).val()
					},
					success: function(data, txtStatus, xhr) {
						wizard.POSTResponse = data;
						me.importTiddlers(uploadWrapper, wizard);
					},
					error: function(xhr, txtStatus, error) {
						displayMessage(["There was an error fetching the ",
							'url: ', txtStatus].join(""));
						me.restart(wizard);
					}
				});
				return false;
			}
		};
		wizard.setButtons([{
			caption: me.uploadLabel,
			tooltip: me.uploadLabelPrompt,
			onClick: onSubmit
		}]);
		$(wizard.formElem).submit(function(ev) {
			onSubmit(ev);
			ev.preventDefault();
		});
	},

	createForm: function(place, wizard, iframeName) {
		var form = wizard.formElem;
		var me = config.macros.fileImport;
		form.action = me.reflectorURI.format(
			config.extensions.tiddlyspace.getCSRFToken());
		form.enctype = 'multipart/form-data';
		form.encoding = 'multipart/form-data';
		form.method = 'POST';
		form.target = iframeName;
		onSelectChange = function(e) {
			var changeTo = $(this).val();
			if (changeTo == "file") {
				$(".importFrom").html('%0 <input type="file" name="file" />'.
					format(me.step1FileText));
			} else {
				$(".importFrom").html('URL: <input type="text" name="uri" />'
					+ ' Do you want <a target="_blank" href="http://faq.tiddlyspace.com/How%20do%20I%20include%2Fexclude%20spaces%3F">inclusion</a> instead?');
			}
		};
		$(place).append('<span>%0</span>'.format(me.step1TypeChooser)).
			append($(['<select name="uploadtype"><option value="file" selected="selected">file',
				'<option value="uri">url</select>'].join("")).change(onSelectChange)).
			append('<div class="importFrom">%0<input type="file" name="file" /></div>'.
					format(me.step1FileText));
	},

	setOnLoad: function(place, wizard, iframe) {
		var me = config.macros.fileImport;
		var loadHandler = function() {
			me.importTiddlers.apply(this, [place, wizard, iframe]);
		};
		iframe.onload = loadHandler;
		completeReadyStateChanges = 0;
		iframe.onreadystatechange = function() {
			if (++(completeReadyStateChanges) == 5) {
				loadHandler();
			}
		};
	},

	importTiddlers: function(place, wizard, iframe) {
		var tmpStore = new TiddlyWiki();
		var POSTedWiki = "";
		if (wizard.importType == "file") {
			try {
				POSTedWiki= iframe.contentWindow
					.document.documentElement.innerHTML;
			} catch(e) {
				displayMessage(config.macros.fileImport.incorrectTypeError);
				config.macros.fileImport.restart(wizard);
				return;
			}
			// now we are done, so remove the iframe
			$(iframe).remove();
		} else {
			POSTedWiki = wizard.POSTResponse;
		}

		tmpStore.importTiddlyWiki(POSTedWiki);
		var newTiddlers = tmpStore.getTiddlers();
		var workspace = config.defaultCustomFields['server.workspace'];
		var context = {
			status: true,
			statusText: 'OK',
			httpStatus: 200,
			adaptor: wizard.getValue('adaptor'),
			tiddlers: newTiddlers
		};
		context.adaptor.store = tmpStore;
		wizard.setValue('context', context);
		wizard.setValue('workspace', workspace);
		wizard.setValue('inFileImport', true);
		config.macros.importTiddlers.onGetTiddlerList(context, wizard);
	}
};

var _onGetTiddler = config.macros.importTiddlers.onGetTiddler;
config.macros.importTiddlers.onGetTiddler = function(context, wizard) {
	if (wizard.getValue('inFileImport')) {
		var me = config.macros.importTiddlers;
		if(!context.status)
			displayMessage("Error in importTiddlers.onGetTiddler: " + context.statusText);
		var tiddler = context.tiddler;
		var fields = tiddler.fields;
		merge(fields, config.defaultCustomFields);
		fields["server.workspace"] = wizard.getValue('workspace');
		delete fields['server.permissions'];
		delete fields['server.bag'];
		fields['server.page.revision'] = 'false';
		delete fields['server.recipe'];
		fields.changecount = 1;
		store.suspendNotifications();
		store.saveTiddler(tiddler.title, tiddler.title, tiddler.text,
			tiddler.modifier, tiddler.modified, tiddler.tags, tiddler.fields,
			false, tiddler.created);
		store.resumeNotifications();
		var remainingImports = wizard.getValue("remainingImports")-1;
		wizard.setValue("remainingImports",remainingImports);
		if(remainingImports === 0) {
			if(context.isSynchronous) {
				store.notifyAll();
				refreshDisplay();
			}
			wizard.setButtons([
					{caption: me.doneLabel, tooltip: me.donePrompt, onClick: me.onClose}
				],me.statusDoneImport);
			autoSaveChanges();
		}
	} else {
		_onGetTiddler.apply(this, arguments);
	}
};

var _onCancel = config.macros.importTiddlers.onCancel;
config.macros.importTiddlers.onCancel = function(e)
{
	var wizard = new Wizard(this);
	if (!wizard.getValue('inFileImport')) {
		return _onCancel.apply(this, arguments);
	}
	var place = wizard.clear();
	config.macros.fileImport.restart(wizard);
	return false;
};

var _step3Html = config.macros.importTiddlers.step3Html;
var _onGetTiddlerList = config.macros.importTiddlers.onGetTiddlerList;
config.macros.importTiddlers.onGetTiddlerList = function(context, wizard) {
	var fileImport = config.macros.fileImport;
	var importTiddlers = config.macros.importTiddlers;
	if (wizard.getValue('inFileImport')) {
		importTiddlers.step3Html = fileImport.step3Html;
	} else {
		importTiddlers.step3Html = _step3Html;
	}
	_onGetTiddlerList.apply(this, arguments);
};
})(jQuery);
//}}}
Common acronym in software development for ''R''apid ''A''pplication ''D''evelopment. In a sense it's about risk management, because to work fast requires making lots of assumptions. Perhaps its more accurate to say that working fast doesn't allow the time to challenge the unconscious assumptions made in both design and implementation phases. One of the main elements of the RAD protocol that achieves this is "embedding" the user into the development process so that user acceptance testing is immediate and continuous. This allows the specification to be adjusted before too much infrastructure is invested in it, which reduces the rewriting cost. From this perspective, the perfect RAD environment is one where the user is the developer.

(Of course, everyone wants their software developed fast, so it's not always easy to say when the protocols for this field should be implemented.)

In the education sector, RAD seems largely to mean, in practice, the use of ~PowerPoint. As [[digital tools]] become easier to use, and teachers become more technically sophisticated, the range of tools deployed is expanding. There is also theoretical work looking at how RAD might be done well in an educational context. Both theory and practice typically casts the teacher as the user-developer; I doubt this is a realistic way to achieve best practice, and there is also an opportunity to consider the student as the end-user. Student as end user, and hence as the ultimate sponsor/controller of the software tools, would make e-learning radically different from pre-learning.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
	<meta charset="UTF-8">
	<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1">
	<title>Reply</title>
	<link rel="stylesheet" href="//tiddlyspace.com/bags/benspa_public/tiddlers/bootvelcro.css">
	<style>
		html,
		body {
			overflow: hidden;
			background-color: transparent;
		}

		#container {
			/* prevent a fouc if no images present */
			display: none;
		}

		.modal-header {
			border-bottom: none;
			padding: 5px 0 0;
			position: absolute;
			width: 100%;
			background-color: #e0e0e0;
			-webkit-border-radius: 6px 6px 0 0;
			-moz-border-radius: 6px 6px 0 0;
			border-radius: 6px 6px 0 0;
			cursor: move;
		}

		.form-actions {
			position: absolute;
			bottom: 0;
			box-sizing: border-box;
			-moz-box-sizing: border-box;
			width: 100%;
			margin: 0;
			border-radius: 0 0 6px 6px;
			background-color: #e0e0e0;
			border-top: 1px solid gray;
		}

		.form-actions input.btn {
			width: auto;
			float: right;
			margin: 0 0.2em;
		}

		.closeBtn {
			background-color: #DCE7F1 !important;
		}

		.primary {
			background-color: #09F !important;
		}

		h1 {
			margin-bottom: 9px;
			margin-top: 9px;
		}

		body {
			width: 100%;
			height: 100%;
			position: absolute;
		}

		.modal {
			margin: 10px;
			top: 0;
			left: 0;
			bottom: 0;
			width: 510px;
			position: absolute;
			box-shadow: #444 0px 0px 10px 2px;
			border-radius: 6px;
			background-color: white;
			border: 1px solid gray;
			background-color: #F0F4F8;
		}

		label em {
			cursor: pointer;
		}

		.modal-body {
			overflow: auto;
			position: absolute;
			top: 0;
			bottom: 0;
			left: 0;
			right: 0;
			margin: 65px 20px 67px;
			background-color: transparent;
		}

		.nav-tabs {
			padding-left: 1%;
			margin: 0;
			width: 99%;
			border-color: gray;
		}

		.nav-tabs > li {
			cursor: pointer;
		}

		.nav-tabs > li > a {
			line-height: 2.4em;
			font-weight: bold;
			font-size: 100%;
		}

		.nav-tabs > li.active > a{
			background-color: #F0F4F8;
			border-color: gray;
			border-bottom-color: #F0F4F8;
		}

		.active {
			display: block;
		}

		input,
		textarea,
		select,
		.uneditable-input {
			color: #606060;
		}

		.imagePicker {
			-moz-box-shadow: inset 0 1px 3px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
			-webkit-box-shadow: inset 0 1px 3px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
			box-shadow: inset 0 1px 3px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
			border: 1px solid #CCC;
			height: 110px;
			overflow: auto;
			-webkit-border-radius: 3px;
			-moz-border-radius: 3px;
			border-radius: 3px;
			margin-left: 0;
		}

		.imagePicker img {
			margin: 5px;
			border: 2px solid transparent;
		}

		.imagePicker .current {
			border: 2px dotted #555;
		}

		label {
			font-weight: bold;
		}

		.form-actions label {
			float: left;
			margin-top: 0.75em;
		}

		fieldset input,
		fieldset textarea {
			width: 90%;
			border-color: gray;
		}

		@media all and (max-width: 550px) {
			.modal {
				width: 95%;
			}
		}

		#help {
			position: absolute;
			border: 0;
			right: 4px;
			top: 5px;
			text-indent: -9999px;
			color: transparent;
			height: 16px;
			width: 16px;
			background: none;
			background-image: url(/bags/common/tiddlers/help.png);
			background-repeat: no-repeat;
			background-color: white;
			z-index: 2;
			border-radius: 10px;
		}

		#help-info {
			padding: 0;
			border: 1px solid gray;
			width: 60%;
			height: 50px;
			color: #404040;
			background-color: white;
			position: absolute;
			top: 5px;
			right: 5px;
			z-index: 1;
			cursor: auto;
			border-radius: 5px;

		}

		#help-info p {
			padding: 10px 25px;
			margin-bottom: 0;
		}
	</style>
</head>
<body>
	<div id="container">
		<form action="#" class="modal">
			<div class="modal-header">
				<button id="help">help</button>
				<div id="help-info" style="display:none;"><p>
				Found something interesting? Write about it in your own space. <a href="//docs.tiddlyspace.com/Reply to this Tiddler" target="_blank">Find out more</a>
				</p></div>
				<ul class="nav nav-tabs" data-tabs="tabs">
					<li class="active" data-tab-name="post"><a href="#postForm">Reply</a></li>
				</ul>
			</div>


			<fieldset id="postForm" class="modal-body">
				<label>Title
					<input type="text" name="title">
				</label>
				<input type="hidden" name="url">
				<label>Post
					<textarea name="text" rows="8"></textarea>
				</label>
				<label>Tags
					<input type="text" name="tags" value="">
				</label>
			</fieldset>


			<div class="form-actions">
				<label class="checkbox">
					<input type="checkbox" name="private" val="private">
					keep private
				</label>
				<input type="submit" class="btn primary btn-large" value="Done">
				<input type="button" class="btn btn-large closeBtn" value="Cancel">
			</div>
		</form>
	</div>

	<script type="text/javascript"
            src="/bags/common/tiddlers/jquery.js"></script>
	<script type="text/javascript" src="/bags/tiddlyspace/tiddlers/chrjs"></script>
	<script type="text/javascript" src="/bags/common/tiddlers/_reply.js"></script>
</body>
</html>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
	<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;charset=utf-8">
	<title>Account</title>
	<link href="/bags/common/tiddlers/profile.css" type='text/css' rel='stylesheet' >
	<link href="/bags/common/tiddlers/admin.css" type='text/css' rel='stylesheet' >
	<link href="/bags/common/tiddlers/jquery-ui.custom.css" type='text/css' rel='stylesheet' >
</head>
<body>

<div id="container">
	<div class="main section">
		<a class="app" href="/">home</a>
		<div class="left">
		<div id="siteiconArea">
		<h2>User Icon</h2>
		<div>
			<img id="siteicon" class="siteicon">
			<form id="upload" method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data">
				<input type="hidden" name="title" value="SiteIcon" />
				<input type="hidden" name="tags" value="excludeLists">
				<input type="hidden" name="csrf_token" class="csrf" />
				<input type="file" name="file" accept="image/*" />
				<input type="submit" value="upload" />
			</form>
			<div id="dropzone">Drop file here
				<img class="notloading" src="/bags/common/tiddlers/ajax-loader.gif" alt="submitting SiteIcon" />
			</div>
		</div>
		</div>
		<h2>Find Space</h2>
		<form class="spaceSearch">
			<input class="inputBox" type="text" placeholder="find space" />
			<a href="http://docs.tiddlyspace.com/What%20is%20a%20Space%3F" class="help"
				title="What is a space?">What is a space?</a>
			<button>view all</button>
		</form>
		<div class='list-container'>
			You are a member of the following spaces:
			<ul class='ts-space-search'>
			</ul>
		</div>
		<h2>Create New Space</h2>
		<form class="ts-spaces">
			<input class="inputBox" type="text" name="spacename" placeholder="space name"><span class="hostSuffix">.tiddlyspace.com</span>
			<input type="submit" value="Create Space" />
		</form>
		</div>
		<div class="right">
		<h2>Change Password</h2>
		<form class="ts-password">
			<input class="inputBox" placeholder="existing password" type="password" name="password">
			<input class="inputBox" placeholder="new password" type="password" name="new_password">
			<input class="inputBox" placeholder="new password"	type="password" name="new_password_confirm">
			<input type="submit" value="Change password">
		</form>
		<h2>OpenID</h2>
		<h3>Why OpenID?</h3>
		<a href="http://openid.net/"><img src="/bags/common/tiddlers/openid.png" alt="openid" ></a><br />
		Use just one username and password across hundreds of OpenID-enabled sites.<br />
		It's an open standard.<br />
		<a href="http://openid.net/what/">learn more</a>
		<ul class="ts-identities"></ul>
		<form class="ts-openid" target="_top">
			<div>
				Add an openid:
			</div>
			<input class="inputBox" type="text" name="openid" placeholder="your openid" />
			<input type="submit" value="Register" />
			<a href="http://openid.net/get-an-openid/" class="help"
			title="What is an open id?">What is an open id?</a>
		</form>
		</div>
		<div class="clear"></div>
	</div>
</div>
<script src="/bags/common/tiddlers/backstage.js"></script>
<script src='/bags/common/tiddlers/jquery.js'></script>
<script src='/bags/tiddlyspace/tiddlers/chrjs'></script>
<script src='/bags/common/tiddlers/chrjs.space'></script>
<script src='/bags/common/tiddlers/chrjs.users'></script>
<script src='/bags/common/tiddlers/chrjs.identities'></script>
<script src="/bags/common/tiddlers/jquery-ui.custom.js"></script>
<script src='/bags/common/tiddlers/jquery-form.js'></script>
<script src="/bags/common/tiddlers/siteiconupload.js"></script>
<script src='/bags/common/tiddlers/ts.js'></script>
<script src="/status.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
/*
 * jQuery UI Autocomplete HTML Extension
 *
 * Copyright 2010, Scott González (http://scottgonzalez.com)
 * Dual licensed under the MIT or GPL Version 2 licenses.
 *
 * http://github.com/scottgonzalez/jquery-ui-extensions
 */
(function( $ ) {

var proto = $.ui.autocomplete.prototype,
	initSource = proto._initSource;

function filter( array, term ) {
	var matcher = new RegExp( $.ui.autocomplete.escapeRegex(term), "i" );
	return $.grep( array, function(value) {
		return matcher.test( $( "<div>" ).html( value.label || value.value || value ).text() );
	});
}

$.extend( proto, {
	_initSource: function() {
		if ( this.options.html && $.isArray(this.options.source) ) {
			this.source = function( request, response ) {
				response( filter( this.options.source, request.term ) );
			};
		} else {
			initSource.call( this );
		}
	},

	_renderItem: function( ul, item) {
		return $( "<li></li>" )
			.data( "item.autocomplete", item )
			.append( $( "<a></a>" )[ this.options.html ? "html" : "text" ]( item.label ) )
			.appendTo( ul );
	}
});

})( jQuery );

/***
_accounts application specific javascript
***/
var link;
ts.init(function(ts) {
	if(ts.user.anon) { // redirect to homepage when user not logged in
		window.location = ts.getHost();
	} else if(ts.user.name === ts.currentSpace){
		initSiteIconUpload(ts.user.name);
	} else {
		link = $("<a />").attr("href", ts.getHost(ts.user.name) + "/_account").text("Change User Icon");
		$("#siteiconArea div").empty().append(link);
	}
	$(".hostSuffix").text("." + ts.getHost("").split("//")[1]);
	ts.getSpaces(function(spaces) {
		$("<div class='info' />").text("You have " + spaces.length + " spaces.").insertBefore($(".spaceSearch")[0]);
		$("form.spaceSearch input").autocomplete({
			html: true,
			source: function(req, response) {
				ts.getSpaces(function(spaces) {
					var selected = [];
					for(var i = 0; i < spaces.length; i++) {
						var space = spaces[i];
						if(space.name.indexOf(req.term) > -1) {
							var host = ts.getHost(space.name) ;
							var img = host + "/SiteIcon";
							selected.push({
								value: space.name,
								label: '<a href="' + host + '" target="_parent" class="autocompleteLink"><img src="' + img + '" style="height:24px;width:auto;max-height:24px;max-width:24px;"/>' + space.name + '</a>'
							});
						}
					}
					response(selected);
				});
			},
			select: function(event, ui) {
				window.top.location = ts.getHost(ui.item.value);
			}
		});

		var $ul = $('.ts-space-search');
		$.each(spaces, function(i, space) {
			$ul.append($('<li/>').html($('<a/>').attr('href', space.uri)
				.text(space.name)));
		});

		$('form.spaceSearch button').click(function(ev) {
			$('.list-container').slideToggle('fast');
			ev.preventDefault();
			return false;
		});
	});
});

if(window != window.top) {
	$("html").addClass("iframeMode");
	$("a").live("click",function(ev) {
		$(ev.target).attr("target", "_parent");
	});
}
</script>
<!--[if lt IE 8]>
<script type="text/javascript" src="/bags/common/tiddlers/json2.js"></script>
<![endif]-->
</body>
</html>
Frink is developed and maintained by Alan Eliasen [[here|http://futureboy.us/frinkdocs/]]

It's very easy and very powerful & very well supported. Plus you can access [[Java]] from it, so anything that you can do in Java, you can do in Frink, if you can be bothered. Mind you, you can do a shedload in it off the bat, so [[Java]] may be overkill. (I have some questions about this...can you extend a Java base class? How does that stuff transfer to Android?)

My immediate interest in Frink is [[Pronunciation]] and I'm trying to exploit [[SSML]] and voice recognition
!Upload an icon
<<tiddler spaceIcon>>
!Describe your space
If you haven't already done so, you should provide a brief decscription of yourself and what you're using this space for. To do this, just edit the [[SiteInfo]] tiddler (keeping the title the same of course).

!Change the title
<<tiddler spaceTitle>>
!Change the theme
<<tiddler colorScheme>>
!Change the menu
If you'd like to change the menu items along the top, you can edit the [[MainMenu]] tiddler.

!Change the default tiddlers
<<tiddler setDefaultTiddlers>>
!More Advanced customisations
If you know HTML and CSS, you can edit some or all of the following tiddlers to customise your space further:
* PageTemplate
* EditTemplate
* ViewTemplate
* StyleSheet
In response to a quiz, students were paired by "greatest distance" (answers were scored and plotted on a graph). The quiz is redone jointly; an agreed answer must be produced for each question. Tutor debriefs one-on-one; students write up according to framework provided by tutor in debriefing.
This paper ultimately presents a specificaltion of a "jigsaw" activity for learning an aspect of Java programming, using [[OWL]] to embody a learning design ontology called [[IMS/LD]]. Other LD specifications (''E''ducational ''M''odelling ''L''anguages) are mentioned, to wit,  
|~A-CDF|Ariadne-''C''ourse ''D''escription ''F''acility|
|LMML|''L''earning ''M''aterial ''M''arkup ''L''anguage|
|PALO|//apparently not an acronym//|
|//Targeteam//|''TA''rgetted ''RE''use and ''GE''neration of ''TEA''ching ''M''aterials|
|TML/Netquest|''T''utorial ''M''arkup ''L''anguage|

The paper covers a generalised defence of the need for formal specifications, an ontology, a taxonomy supporting that ontology, axioms described both in natural language and formally specified, and a worked out example of a jigsaw-based learning process (the metaphor used is Play/Act/Activity, where "Play" and "Act" are conceived theatrically).

One problem discussed is the difficulty of implementing a sufficiently semantically-rich representational system to allow programming experts to code for educational procedures without error, while the coding expertise (and workload) of educational experts cannot handle the volume of refinements to the semantics. Apparently the ontology resoves this issue by allowing on the one side, development tools for educationalists and on the other, automated re-engineering of elements when the semantics are enhanced. My view is that there is a degree of optimism there that reflects the optimism of the 1990's for user-generated business systems - never fulfilled. Can a formally represented semantics ever produce an equally rich and simultaneously simpler and less ambiguous specification as a natural language? If the answer is "no", what is lost? Also, see [[Friesen, N. 2004]] for issues of non-transparency fundamental to specification exercises.
/***
|''Name''|TiddlySpaceConfig|
|''Version''|0.7.7|
|''Description''|TiddlySpace configuration|
|''Status''|stable|
|''Source''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace/raw/master/src/plugins/TiddlySpaceConfig.js|
|''CoreVersion''|2.6.1|
|''Requires''|TiddlyWebConfig ServerSideSavingPlugin TiddlyFileImporter|
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

var tweb = config.extensions.tiddlyweb;

var recipe = config.defaultCustomFields["server.workspace"].split("recipes/")[1];
var currentSpace; // assigned later

var disabledTabs = [];

var coreBags = ["system", "tiddlyspace"];
var systemSpaces = ["plugins", "info", "images", "theme"];
systemSpaces = $.map(systemSpaces, function(item, i) {
	return "system-%0_public".format(item);
});

// hijack search macro to add custom attributes for mobile devices
var _search = config.macros.search.handler;
config.macros.search.handler = function(place, macroName, params) {
	_search.apply(this, arguments);
	$(".searchField:input", place).
		attr({ autocapitalize: "off", autocorrect: "off" });
};

// arg is either a container name or a tiddler object
// if fuzzy is truthy, space may be inferred from workspace (for new tiddlers)
// returns space object or false
var determineSpace = function(arg, fuzzy) {
	if(typeof arg == "string") { // container name
		var space = split(arg, "_", "r");
		return ["public", "private"].contains(space.type) ? space : false;
	} else if(arg) { // tiddler
		var container = determineContainer(arg, fuzzy);
		return container ? determineSpace(container.name, fuzzy) : false;
	} else {
		return false;
	}
};

// if fuzzy is truthy, container may be inferred from workspace for new tiddlers
// returns container object or false
var determineContainer = function(tiddler, fuzzy) { // TODO: expose?
	var bag = tiddler.fields["server.bag"];
	var recipe = tiddler.fields["server.recipe"]; // XXX: unused/irrelevant/redundant!?
	if(bag) {
		return { type: "bag", name: bag };
	} else if(recipe) {
		return { type: "recipe", name: recipe };
	} else if(fuzzy) { // new tiddler
		var workspace = tiddler.fields["server.workspace"];
		if(workspace) {
			var container = split(workspace, "/", "l");
			return ["bags", "recipes"].contains(container.type) ? container : false;
		} else {
			return false;
		}
	} else {
		return false;
	}
};

// hijack removeTiddlerCallback to restore tiddler from recipe cascade -- TODO: move into TiddlyWebWiki?
var sssp = config.extensions.ServerSideSavingPlugin;
var _removeTiddlerCallback = sssp.removeTiddlerCallback;
sssp.removeTiddlerCallback = function(context, userParams) {
	var title = context.tiddler.title;
	var recipe = context.tiddler.fields["server.recipe"];
	_removeTiddlerCallback.apply(this, arguments);
	if(recipe) {
		context.workspace = "recipes/" + recipe;
		var callback = function(context, userParams) {
			if(context.status) {
				var dirty = store.isDirty();
				store.saveTiddler(context.tiddler).clearChangeCount();
				store.setDirty(dirty);
			} else {
				store.notify(title, true);
			}
		};
		context.adaptor.getTiddler(title, context, null, callback);
	}
};

// splits a string once using delimiter
// mode "l" splits at the first, "r" at the last occurrence
// returns an object with members type and name
var split = function(str, sep, mode) {
	mode = mode == "r" ? "pop" : "shift"; // TODO: use +/-1 instead of "l"/"r"?
	var arr = str.split(sep);
	var type = arr.length > 1 ? arr[mode]() : null;
	return { type: type, name: arr.join(sep) };
};

var plugin = config.extensions.tiddlyspace = {
	currentSpace: determineSpace(recipe),
	coreBags: coreBags.concat(systemSpaces),

	determineSpace: determineSpace,
	isValidSpaceName: function(name) {
		return name.match(/^[a-z][0-9a-z\-]*[0-9a-z]$/) ? true : false;
	},
	getCurrentBag: function(type) {
		return "%0_%1".format(currentSpace, type);
	},
	getCurrentWorkspace: function(type) {
		return "bags/" + this.getCurrentBag(type);
	},
	// returns the URL for a space's avatar (SiteIcon) based on a server_host
	// object and an optional space name
	// optional nocors argument prevents cross-domain URLs from being generated
	getAvatar: function(host, space, nocors) {
		if(space && typeof space != "string") { // backwards compatibility -- XXX: deprecated
			space = space.name;
		}
		var subdomain = nocors ? currentSpace : space;
		host = host ? this.getHost(host, subdomain) : "";
		var bag = space ? "%0_public".format(space) : "tiddlyspace";
		return "%0/bags/%1/tiddlers/SiteIcon".format(host, bag);
	},
	// returns the URL based on a server_host object (scheme, host, port) and an
	// optional subdomain
	getHost: function(host, subdomain) {
		if(host === undefined) { // offline
			tweb.status.server_host = {}; // prevents exceptions further down the stack -- XXX: hacky workaround, breaks encapsulation
			return null;
		}
		subdomain = subdomain ? subdomain + "." : "";
		var url = "%0://%1%2".format(host.scheme, subdomain, host.host);
		var port = host.port;
		if(port && !["80", "443"].contains(port)) {
			url += ":" + port;
		}
		return url;
	},
	disableTab: function(tabTiddler) {
		if(typeof(tabTiddler) == "string") {
			disabledTabs.push(tabTiddler);
		} else {
			for(var i = 0; i < tabTiddler.length; i++) {
				plugin.disableTab(tabTiddler[i]);
			}
		}
	},
    checkSyncStatus: function(tiddler) {
		if(tiddler) {
			var title = typeof(tiddler) === "string" ? tiddler : tiddler.title;
			var el = story.getTiddler(title) || false;
			if(el) {
				refreshElements(el);
			}
		}
	},
	isDisabledTab: function(tabTitle) {
		var match = new RegExp("(?:\\[\\[([^\\]]+)\\]\\])", "mg").exec(tabTitle);
		var tabIdentifier = match ? match[1] : tabTitle;
		return disabledTabs.contains(tabIdentifier);
	},
	getCSRFToken: window.getCSRFToken || null // this may not have been processed yet
};

currentSpace = plugin.currentSpace.name;

tweb.serverPrefix = tweb.host.split("/")[3] || ""; // XXX: assumes root handler
tweb.getStatus(function(status) {
	var url = plugin.getHost(status.server_host);
	tweb.status.server_host.url = url;
	config.messages.tsVersion = status.version;
});

if(window.location.protocol == "file:") {
	// enable AutoSave by default
	config.options.chkAutoSave = config.options.chkAutoSave === undefined ?
		true : config.options.chkAutoSave;
} else {
	// set global read-only mode based on membership heuristics
	var indicator = store.getTiddler("SiteTitle") || tiddler;
	readOnly = !(recipe.split("_").pop() == "private" ||
		tweb.hasPermission("write", indicator));
	// replace TiddlyWiki's ImportTiddlers due to cross-domain restrictions
	if(config.macros.fileImport) {
		$.extend(config.macros.importTiddlers, config.macros.fileImport);
	}
}

// hijack saveChanges to ensure SystemSettings is private by default
var _saveChanges = saveChanges;
saveChanges = function(onlyIfDirty, tiddlers) {
	if(tiddlers && tiddlers.length == 1 &&
			tiddlers[0] && tiddlers[0].title == "SystemSettings") {
		var fields = tiddlers[0].fields;
		delete fields["server.recipe"];
		fields["server.bag"] = plugin.getCurrentBag("private");
		fields["server.workspace"] = plugin.getCurrentWorkspace("private");
	}
	return _saveChanges.apply(this, arguments);
};

// ensure backstage is always initialized
// required to circumvent TiddlyWiki's read-only based handling
config.macros.backstageInit = {
	init: function() {
		showBackstage = true;
	}
};

// disable evaluated macro parameters for security reasons
config.evaluateMacroParameters = "none";
var _parseParams = String.prototype.parseParams;
String.prototype.parseParams = function(defaultName, defaultValue, allowEval,
		noNames, cascadeDefaults) {
	if(config.evaluateMacroParameters == "none") {
		arguments[2] = false;
	}
	return _parseParams.apply(this, arguments);
};

var _tabsMacro = config.macros.tabs.handler;
config.macros.tabs.handler = function(place, macroName, params) {
	var newParams = [params[0]]; // keep cookie name
	for(var i = 1; i < params.length; i += 3) {
		var tabTitle = params[i + 2];
		if(!plugin.isDisabledTab(tabTitle)){
			newParams = newParams.concat(params[i], params[i + 1], tabTitle);
		}
	}
	_tabsMacro.apply(this, [place, macroName, newParams]);
};

// disable ControlView for XHRs by default
$.ajaxSetup({
	beforeSend: function(xhr) {
		xhr.setRequestHeader("X-ControlView", "false");
	}
});
// TiddlyWeb adaptor currently still uses httpReq, which needs extra magic -- XXX: obsolete this!
var _httpReq = httpReq;
httpReq = function(type, url, callback, params, headers, data, contentType,
		username, password, allowCache) {
	headers = headers || {};
	headers["X-ControlView"] = "false";
	_httpReq.apply(this, arguments);
};

// register style sheet for backstage separately (important)
store.addNotification("StyleSheetBackstage", refreshStyles);

// option for default privacy setting
config.optionsDesc.chkPrivateMode = "Set your default privacy mode to private";
config.optionsSource.chkPrivateMode = "setting";
config.options.chkPrivateMode = config.options.chkPrivateMode || false;
saveSystemSetting("chkPrivateMode", true);
config.defaultCustomFields["server.workspace"] = plugin.
	getCurrentWorkspace(config.options.chkPrivateMode ? "private" : "public");

config.paramifiers.follow = {
	onstart: function(v) {
		if(!readOnly) {
			var bag = "%0_public".format(currentSpace);
			story.displayTiddler(null, v, DEFAULT_EDIT_TEMPLATE, null, null,
				"server.bag:%0 server.workspace:bags/%0".format(bag));
			story.setTiddlerTag(v, "follow", 1);
			story.focusTiddler(v, "text");
		}
	}
};

var fImport = config.macros.fileImport;
if(fImport) {
	fImport.uploadTo = "Upload to: ";
	var _createForm = config.macros.fileImport.createForm;
	config.macros.fileImport.createForm = function(place, wizard, iframeName) {
		var container = $("<div />").text(fImport.uploadTo).appendTo(place);
		var select = $('<select name="mode" />').appendTo(container)[0];
		$('<option value="private" selected>private</a>').appendTo(select);
		$('<option value="public">public</a>').appendTo(select);
		wizard.setValue("importmode", select);
		_createForm.apply(this, [place, wizard, iframeName]);
	};

	var _onGet = config.macros.importTiddlers.onGetTiddler;
	config.macros.importTiddlers.onGetTiddler = function(context, wizard) {
		var type = $(wizard.getValue("importmode")).val();
		var ws =  plugin.getCurrentWorkspace(type);
		wizard.setValue("workspace", ws);
		_onGet.apply(this, [context, wizard]);
	};
}

config.extensions.ServerSideSavingPlugin.reportSuccess = function(msg, tiddler) {
	plugin.checkSyncStatus(tiddler);
	msg = config.extensions.ServerSideSavingPlugin.locale[msg];
	var link = "/" + encodeURIComponent(tiddler.title);
	displayMessage(msg.format([tiddler.title]), link);
};


})(jQuery);
//}}}
[[sound|https://dl.dropbox.com/u/9880794/myfrink/data/audiotest.wav]]
<<tabs chkC1 [[LR]] "Lexical Resource" [[lrAnnotate]] [[CC]] "Cohesion" [[ccAnnotate]] [[Syntax]] "Syntax" [[sntxAnnotate]]>>
/***
|''Name''|TiddlyWebAdaptor|
|''Description''|adaptor for interacting with TiddlyWeb|
|''Author:''|FND|
|''Contributors''|Chris Dent, Martin Budden|
|''Version''|1.4.10|
|''Status''|stable|
|''Source''|http://svn.tiddlywiki.org/Trunk/association/adaptors/TiddlyWebAdaptor.js|
|''CodeRepository''|http://svn.tiddlywiki.org/Trunk/association/|
|''License''|[[BSD|http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php]]|
|''CoreVersion''|2.5|
|''Keywords''|serverSide TiddlyWeb|
!Notes
This plugin includes [[jQuery JSON|http://code.google.com/p/jquery-json/]].
!To Do
* createWorkspace
* document custom/optional context attributes (e.g. filters, query, revision) and tiddler fields (e.g. server.title, origin)
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

var adaptor = config.adaptors.tiddlyweb = function() {};

adaptor.prototype = new AdaptorBase();
adaptor.serverType = "tiddlyweb";
adaptor.serverLabel = "TiddlyWeb";
adaptor.mimeType = "application/json";

adaptor.parsingErrorMessage = "Error parsing result from server";
adaptor.noBagErrorMessage = "no bag specified for tiddler";
adaptor.locationIDErrorMessage = "no bag or recipe specified for tiddler"; // TODO: rename

// retrieve current status (requires TiddlyWeb status plugin)
adaptor.prototype.getStatus = function(context, userParams, callback) {
	context = this.setContext(context, userParams, callback);
	var uriTemplate = "%0/status";
	var uri = uriTemplate.format([context.host]);
	var req = httpReq("GET", uri, adaptor.getStatusCallback, context,
		null, null, null, null, null, true);
	return typeof req == "string" ? req : true;
};

adaptor.getStatusCallback = function(status, context, responseText, uri, xhr) {
	context.status = responseText ? status : false;
	try {
		context.statusText = xhr.statusText;
	} catch(exc) { // offline (Firefox)
		context.status = false;
		context.statusText = null;
	}
	context.httpStatus = xhr.status;
	if(context.status) {
		context.serverStatus = $.evalJSON(responseText); // XXX: error handling!?
	}
	if(context.callback) {
		context.callback(context, context.userParams);
	}
};

// retrieve a list of workspaces
adaptor.prototype.getWorkspaceList = function(context, userParams, callback) {
	context = this.setContext(context, userParams, callback);
	context.workspaces = [];
	var uriTemplate = "%0/recipes"; // XXX: bags?
	var uri = uriTemplate.format([context.host]);
	var req = httpReq("GET", uri, adaptor.getWorkspaceListCallback,
		context, { accept: adaptor.mimeType }, null, null, null, null, true);
	return typeof req == "string" ? req : true;
};

adaptor.getWorkspaceListCallback = function(status, context, responseText, uri, xhr) {
	context.status = status;
	context.statusText = xhr.statusText;
	context.httpStatus = xhr.status;
	if(status) {
		try {
			var workspaces = $.evalJSON(responseText);
		} catch(ex) {
			context.status = false; // XXX: correct?
			context.statusText = exceptionText(ex, adaptor.parsingErrorMessage);
			if(context.callback) {
				context.callback(context, context.userParams);
			}
			return;
		}
		context.workspaces = workspaces.map(function(itm) { return { title: itm }; });
	}
	if(context.callback) {
		context.callback(context, context.userParams);
	}
};

// retrieve a list of tiddlers
adaptor.prototype.getTiddlerList = function(context, userParams, callback) {
	context = this.setContext(context, userParams, callback);
	var uriTemplate = "%0/%1/%2/tiddlers%3";
	var params = context.filters ? "?" + context.filters : "";
	if(context.format) {
		params = context.format + params;
	}
	var workspace = adaptor.resolveWorkspace(context.workspace);
	var uri = uriTemplate.format([context.host, workspace.type + "s",
		adaptor.normalizeTitle(workspace.name), params]);
	var req = httpReq("GET", uri, adaptor.getTiddlerListCallback,
		context, merge({ accept: adaptor.mimeType }, context.headers), null, null, null, null, true);
	return typeof req == "string" ? req : true;
};

adaptor.getTiddlerListCallback = function(status, context, responseText, uri, xhr) {
	context.status = status;
	context.statusText = xhr.statusText;
	context.httpStatus = xhr.status;
	if(status) {
		context.tiddlers = [];
		try {
			var tiddlers = $.evalJSON(responseText); //# NB: not actual tiddler instances
		} catch(ex) {
			context.status = false; // XXX: correct?
			context.statusText = exceptionText(ex, adaptor.parsingErrorMessage);
			if(context.callback) {
				context.callback(context, context.userParams);
			}
			return;
		}
		for(var i = 0; i < tiddlers.length; i++) {
			var tiddler = adaptor.toTiddler(tiddlers[i], context.host);
			context.tiddlers.push(tiddler);
		}
	}
	if(context.callback) {
		context.callback(context, context.userParams);
	}
};

// perform global search
adaptor.prototype.getSearchResults = function(context, userParams, callback) {
	context = this.setContext(context, userParams, callback);
	var uriTemplate = "%0/search?q=%1%2";
	var filterString = context.filters ? ";" + context.filters : "";
	var uri = uriTemplate.format([context.host, context.query, filterString]); // XXX: parameters need escaping?
	var req = httpReq("GET", uri, adaptor.getSearchResultsCallback,
		context, { accept: adaptor.mimeType }, null, null, null, null, true);
	return typeof req == "string" ? req : true;
};

adaptor.getSearchResultsCallback = function(status, context, responseText, uri, xhr) {
	adaptor.getTiddlerListCallback(status, context, responseText, uri, xhr); // XXX: use apply?
};

// retrieve a particular tiddler's revisions
adaptor.prototype.getTiddlerRevisionList = function(title, limit, context, userParams, callback) {
	context = this.setContext(context, userParams, callback);
	var uriTemplate = "%0/%1/%2/tiddlers/%3/revisions";
	var workspace = adaptor.resolveWorkspace(context.workspace);
	var uri = uriTemplate.format([context.host, workspace.type + "s",
		adaptor.normalizeTitle(workspace.name), adaptor.normalizeTitle(title)]);
	var req = httpReq("GET", uri, adaptor.getTiddlerRevisionListCallback,
		context, merge({ accept: adaptor.mimeType }, context.headers), null, null, null, null, true);
	return typeof req == "string" ? req : true;
};

adaptor.getTiddlerRevisionListCallback = function(status, context, responseText, uri, xhr) {
	context.status = status;
	context.statusText = xhr.statusText;
	context.httpStatus = xhr.status;
	if(status) {
		context.revisions = [];
		try {
			var tiddlers = $.evalJSON(responseText); //# NB: not actual tiddler instances
		} catch(ex) {
			context.status = false; // XXX: correct?
			context.statusText = exceptionText(ex, adaptor.parsingErrorMessage);
			if(context.callback) {
				context.callback(context, context.userParams);
			}
			return;
		}
		for(var i = 0; i < tiddlers.length; i++) {
			var tiddler = adaptor.toTiddler(tiddlers[i], context.host);
			context.revisions.push(tiddler);
		}
		var sortField = "server.page.revision";
		context.revisions.sort(function(a, b) {
			return a.fields[sortField] < b.fields[sortField] ? 1 :
				(a.fields[sortField] == b.fields[sortField] ? 0 : -1);
		});
	}
	if(context.callback) {
		context.callback(context, context.userParams);
	}
};

// retrieve an individual tiddler revision -- XXX: breaks with standard arguments list -- XXX: convenience function; simply use getTiddler?
adaptor.prototype.getTiddlerRevision = function(title, revision, context, userParams, callback) {
	context = this.setContext(context, userParams, callback);
	context.revision = revision;
	return this.getTiddler(title, context, userParams, callback);
};

// retrieve an individual tiddler
//# context is an object with members host and workspace
//# callback is passed the new context and userParams
adaptor.prototype.getTiddler = function(title, context, userParams, callback) {
	context = this.setContext(context, userParams, callback);
	context.title = title;
	if(context.revision) {
		var uriTemplate = "%0/%1/%2/tiddlers/%3/revisions/%4";
	} else {
		uriTemplate = "%0/%1/%2/tiddlers/%3";
	}
	if(!context.tiddler) {
		context.tiddler = new Tiddler(title);
	}
	context.tiddler.fields["server.type"] = adaptor.serverType;
	context.tiddler.fields["server.host"] = AdaptorBase.minHostName(context.host);
	context.tiddler.fields["server.workspace"] = context.workspace;
	var workspace = adaptor.resolveWorkspace(context.workspace);
	var uri = uriTemplate.format([context.host, workspace.type + "s",
		adaptor.normalizeTitle(workspace.name), adaptor.normalizeTitle(title),
		context.revision]);
	var req = httpReq("GET", uri, adaptor.getTiddlerCallback, context,
		merge({ accept: adaptor.mimeType }, context.headers), null, null, null, null, true);
	return typeof req == "string" ? req : true;
};

adaptor.getTiddlerCallback = function(status, context, responseText, uri, xhr) {
	context.status = status;
	context.statusText = xhr.statusText;
	context.httpStatus = xhr.status;
	if(status) {
		try {
			var tid = $.evalJSON(responseText);
		} catch(ex) {
			context.status = false;
			context.statusText = exceptionText(ex, adaptor.parsingErrorMessage);
			if(context.callback) {
				context.callback(context, context.userParams);
			}
			return;
		}
		var tiddler = adaptor.toTiddler(tid, context.host);
		tiddler.title = context.tiddler.title;
		tiddler.fields["server.etag"] = xhr.getResponseHeader("Etag");
		// normally we'd assign context.tiddler = tiddler here - but we can't do
		// that because of IE, which triggers getTiddler in putTiddlerCallback,
		// and since ServerSideSavingPlugin foolishly relies on persistent
		// object references, we need to merge the data into the existing object
		$.extend(context.tiddler, tiddler);
	}
	if(context.callback) {
		context.callback(context, context.userParams);
	}
};

// retrieve tiddler chronicle (all revisions)
adaptor.prototype.getTiddlerChronicle = function(title, context, userParams, callback) {
	context = this.setContext(context, userParams, callback);
	context.title = title;
	var uriTemplate = "%0/%1/%2/tiddlers/%3/revisions?fat=1";
	var workspace = adaptor.resolveWorkspace(context.workspace);
	var uri = uriTemplate.format([context.host, workspace.type + "s",
		adaptor.normalizeTitle(workspace.name), adaptor.normalizeTitle(title)]);
	var req = httpReq("GET", uri, adaptor.getTiddlerChronicleCallback,
		context, { accept: adaptor.mimeType }, null, null, null, null, true);
	return typeof req == "string" ? req : true;
};

adaptor.getTiddlerChronicleCallback = function(status, context, responseText, uri, xhr) {
	context.status = status;
	context.statusText = xhr.statusText;
	context.httpStatus = xhr.status;
	if(status) {
		context.responseText = responseText;
	}
	if(context.callback) {
		context.callback(context, context.userParams);
	}
};

// store an individual tiddler
adaptor.prototype.putTiddler = function(tiddler, context, userParams, callback) {
	context = this.setContext(context, userParams, callback);
	context.title = tiddler.title;
	context.tiddler = tiddler;
	context.host = context.host || this.fullHostName(tiddler.fields["server.host"]);
	var uriTemplate = "%0/%1/%2/tiddlers/%3";
	try {
		context.workspace = context.workspace || tiddler.fields["server.workspace"];
		var workspace = adaptor.resolveWorkspace(context.workspace);
	} catch(ex) {
		return adaptor.locationIDErrorMessage;
	}
	var uri = uriTemplate.format([context.host, workspace.type + "s",
		adaptor.normalizeTitle(workspace.name),
		adaptor.normalizeTitle(tiddler.title)]);
	var etag = adaptor.generateETag(workspace, tiddler);
	var headers = etag ? { "If-Match": etag } : null;
	var payload = {
		type: tiddler.fields["server.content-type"] || null,
		text: tiddler.text,
		tags: tiddler.tags,
		fields: $.extend({}, tiddler.fields)
	};
	delete payload.fields.changecount;
	$.each(payload.fields, function(key, value) {
		if(key.indexOf("server.") == 0) {
			delete payload.fields[key];
		}
	});
	payload = $.toJSON(payload);
	var req = httpReq("PUT", uri, adaptor.putTiddlerCallback,
		context, headers, payload, adaptor.mimeType, null, null, true);
	return typeof req == "string" ? req : true;
};

adaptor.putTiddlerCallback = function(status, context, responseText, uri, xhr) {
	context.status = [204, 1223].contains(xhr.status);
	context.statusText = xhr.statusText;
	context.httpStatus = xhr.status;
	if(context.status) {
		var loc = xhr.getResponseHeader("Location");
		var etag = xhr.getResponseHeader("Etag");
		if(loc && etag) {
			var bag = loc.split("/bags/").pop().split("/")[0];
			context.tiddler.fields["server.bag"] = bag;
			context.tiddler.fields["server.workspace"] = "bags/" + bag;
			var rev = etag.split("/").pop().split(/;|:/)[0];
			context.tiddler.fields["server.page.revision"] = rev;
			context.tiddler.fields["server.etag"] = etag;
			if(context.callback) {
				context.callback(context, context.userParams);
			}
		} else { // IE
			context.adaptor.getTiddler(context.tiddler.title, context,
				context.userParams, context.callback);
		}
	} else if(context.callback) {
		context.callback(context, context.userParams);
	}
};

// store a tiddler chronicle
adaptor.prototype.putTiddlerChronicle = function(revisions, context, userParams, callback) {
	context = this.setContext(context, userParams, callback);
	context.title = revisions[0].title;
	var headers = null;
	var uriTemplate = "%0/%1/%2/tiddlers/%3/revisions";
	var host = context.host || this.fullHostName(tiddler.fields["server.host"]);
	var workspace = adaptor.resolveWorkspace(context.workspace);
	var uri = uriTemplate.format([host, workspace.type + "s",
		adaptor.normalizeTitle(workspace.name),
		adaptor.normalizeTitle(context.title)]);
	if(workspace.type == "bag") { // generate ETag
		var etag = [adaptor.normalizeTitle(workspace.name),
			adaptor.normalizeTitle(context.title), 0].join("/"); //# zero-revision prevents overwriting existing contents
		headers = { "If-Match": '"' + etag + '"' };
	}
	var payload = $.toJSON(revisions);
	var req = httpReq("POST", uri, adaptor.putTiddlerChronicleCallback,
		context, headers, payload, adaptor.mimeType, null, null, true);
	return typeof req == "string" ? req : true;
};

adaptor.putTiddlerChronicleCallback = function(status, context, responseText, uri, xhr) {
	context.status = [204, 1223].contains(xhr.status);
	context.statusText = xhr.statusText;
	context.httpStatus = xhr.status;
	if(context.callback) {
		context.callback(context, context.userParams);
	}
};

// store a collection of tiddlers (import TiddlyWiki HTML store)
adaptor.prototype.putTiddlerStore = function(store, context, userParams, callback) {
	context = this.setContext(context, userParams, callback);
	var uriTemplate = "%0/%1/%2/tiddlers";
	var host = context.host;
	var workspace = adaptor.resolveWorkspace(context.workspace);
	var uri = uriTemplate.format([host, workspace.type + "s",
		adaptor.normalizeTitle(workspace.name)]);
	var req = httpReq("POST", uri, adaptor.putTiddlerStoreCallback,
		context, null, store, "text/x-tiddlywiki", null, null, true);
	return typeof req == "string" ? req : true;
};

adaptor.putTiddlerStoreCallback = function(status, context, responseText, uri, xhr) {
	context.status = [204, 1223].contains(xhr.status);
	context.statusText = xhr.statusText;
	context.httpStatus = xhr.status;
	if(context.callback) {
		context.callback(context, context.userParams);
	}
};

// rename an individual tiddler or move it to a different workspace -- TODO: make {from|to}.title optional
//# from and to are objects with members title and workspace (bag; optional),
//# representing source and target tiddler, respectively
adaptor.prototype.moveTiddler = function(from, to, context, userParams, callback) { // XXX: rename parameters (old/new)?
	var self = this;
	var newTiddler = store.getTiddler(from.title) || store.getTiddler(to.title); //# local rename might already have occurred
	var oldTiddler = $.extend(true, {}, newTiddler); //# required for eventual deletion
	oldTiddler.title = from.title; //# required for original tiddler's ETag
	var _getTiddlerChronicle = function(title, context, userParams, callback) {
		return self.getTiddlerChronicle(title, context, userParams, callback);
	};
	var _putTiddlerChronicle = function(context, userParams) {
		if(!context.status) {
			return callback(context, userParams);
		}
		var revisions = $.evalJSON(context.responseText); // XXX: error handling?
		// change current title while retaining previous location
		for(var i = 0; i < revisions.length; i++) {
			delete revisions[i].revision;
			if(!revisions[i].fields.origin) { // NB: origin = "<workspace>/<title>"
				revisions[i].fields.origin = ["bags", revisions[i].bag, revisions[i].title].join("/");
			}
			revisions[i].title = to.title;
		}
		// add new revision
		var rev = $.extend({}, revisions[0]);
		$.each(newTiddler, function(i, item) {
			if(!$.isFunction(item)) {
				rev[i] = item;
			}
		});
		rev.title = to.title;
		rev.created = rev.created.convertToYYYYMMDDHHMM();
		rev.modified = new Date().convertToYYYYMMDDHHMM();
		delete rev.fields.changecount;
		revisions.unshift(rev);
		if(to.workspace) {
			context.workspace = to.workspace;
		} else if(context.workspace.substring(0, 4) != "bags") { // NB: target workspace must be a bag
			context.workspace = "bags/" + rev.bag;
		}
		var subCallback = function(context, userParams) {
			if(!context.status) {
				return callback(context, userParams);
			}
			context.adaptor.getTiddler(newTiddler.title, context, userParams, _deleteTiddler);
		};
		return self.putTiddlerChronicle(revisions, context, context.userParams, subCallback);
	};
	var _deleteTiddler = function(context, userParams) {
		if(!context.status) {
			return callback(context, userParams);
		}
		$.extend(true, newTiddler, context.tiddler);
		context.callback = null;
		return self.deleteTiddler(oldTiddler, context, context.userParams, callback);
	};
	callback = callback || function() {};
	context = this.setContext(context, userParams);
	context.host = context.host || oldTiddler.fields["server.host"];
	context.workspace = from.workspace || oldTiddler.fields["server.workspace"];
	return _getTiddlerChronicle(from.title, context, userParams, _putTiddlerChronicle);
};

// delete an individual tiddler
adaptor.prototype.deleteTiddler = function(tiddler, context, userParams, callback) {
	context = this.setContext(context, userParams, callback);
	context.title = tiddler.title; // XXX: not required!?
	var uriTemplate = "%0/bags/%1/tiddlers/%2";
	var host = context.host || this.fullHostName(tiddler.fields["server.host"]);
	var bag = tiddler.fields["server.bag"];
	if(!bag) {
		return adaptor.noBagErrorMessage;
	}
	var uri = uriTemplate.format([host, adaptor.normalizeTitle(bag),
		adaptor.normalizeTitle(tiddler.title)]);
	var etag = adaptor.generateETag({ type: "bag", name: bag }, tiddler);
	var headers = etag ? { "If-Match": etag } : null;
	var req = httpReq("DELETE", uri, adaptor.deleteTiddlerCallback, context, headers,
		null, null, null, null, true);
	return typeof req == "string" ? req : true;
};

adaptor.deleteTiddlerCallback = function(status, context, responseText, uri, xhr) {
	context.status = [204, 1223].contains(xhr.status);
	context.statusText = xhr.statusText;
	context.httpStatus = xhr.status;
	if(context.callback) {
		context.callback(context, context.userParams);
	}
};

// compare two revisions of a tiddler (requires TiddlyWeb differ plugin)
//# if context.rev1 is not specified, the latest revision will be used for comparison
//# if context.rev2 is not specified, the local revision will be sent for comparison
//# context.format is a string as determined by the TiddlyWeb differ plugin
adaptor.prototype.getTiddlerDiff = function(title, context, userParams, callback) {
	context = this.setContext(context, userParams, callback);
	context.title = title;

	var tiddler = store.getTiddler(title);
	try {
		var workspace = adaptor.resolveWorkspace(tiddler.fields["server.workspace"]);
	} catch(ex) {
		return adaptor.locationIDErrorMessage;
	}
	var tiddlerRef = [workspace.type + "s", workspace.name, tiddler.title].join("/");

	var rev1 = context.rev1 ? [tiddlerRef, context.rev1].join("/") : tiddlerRef;
	var rev2 = context.rev2 ? [tiddlerRef, context.rev2].join("/") : null;

	var uriTemplate = "%0/diff?rev1=%1";
	if(rev2) {
		uriTemplate += "&rev2=%2";
	}
	if(context.format) {
		uriTemplate += "&format=%3";
	}
	var host = context.host || this.fullHostName(tiddler.fields["server.host"]);
	var uri = uriTemplate.format([host, adaptor.normalizeTitle(rev1),
		adaptor.normalizeTitle(rev2), context.format]);

	if(rev2) {
		var req = httpReq("GET", uri, adaptor.getTiddlerDiffCallback, context, null,
			null, null, null, null, true);
	} else {
		var payload = {
			title: tiddler.title,
			text: tiddler.text,
			modifier: tiddler.modifier,
			tags: tiddler.tags,
			fields: $.extend({}, tiddler.fields)
		}; // XXX: missing attributes!?
		payload = $.toJSON(payload);
		req = httpReq("POST", uri, adaptor.getTiddlerDiffCallback, context,
			null, payload, adaptor.mimeType, null, null, true);
	}
	return typeof req == "string" ? req : true;
};

adaptor.getTiddlerDiffCallback = function(status, context, responseText, uri, xhr) {
	context.status = status;
	context.statusText = xhr.statusText;
	context.httpStatus = xhr.status;
	context.uri = uri;
	if(status) {
		context.diff = responseText;
	}
	if(context.callback) {
		context.callback(context, context.userParams);
	}
};

// generate tiddler information
adaptor.prototype.generateTiddlerInfo = function(tiddler) {
	var info = {};
	var uriTemplate = "%0/%1/%2/tiddlers/%3";
	var host = this.host || tiddler.fields["server.host"]; // XXX: this.host obsolete?
	host = this.fullHostName(host);
	var workspace = adaptor.resolveWorkspace(tiddler.fields["server.workspace"]);
	info.uri = uriTemplate.format([host, workspace.type + "s",
		adaptor.normalizeTitle(workspace.name),
		adaptor.normalizeTitle(tiddler.title)]);
	return info;
};

// create Tiddler instance from TiddlyWeb tiddler JSON
adaptor.toTiddler = function(json, host) {
	var created = Date.convertFromYYYYMMDDHHMM(json.created);
	var modified = Date.convertFromYYYYMMDDHHMM(json.modified);
	var fields = json.fields;
	fields["server.type"] = adaptor.serverType;
	fields["server.host"] = AdaptorBase.minHostName(host);
	fields["server.bag"] = json.bag;
	fields["server.title"] = json.title;
	if(json.recipe) {
		fields["server.recipe"] = json.recipe;
	}
	if(json.type && json.type != "None") {
		fields["server.content-type"] = json.type;
	}
	fields["server.permissions"] = json.permissions.join(", ");
	fields["server.page.revision"] = json.revision;
	fields["server.workspace"] = "bags/" + json.bag;
	var tiddler = new Tiddler(json.title);
	tiddler.assign(tiddler.title, json.text, json.modifier, modified, json.tags,
		created, json.fields, json.creator);
	return tiddler;
};

adaptor.resolveWorkspace = function(workspace) {
	var components = workspace.split("/");
	return {
		type: components[0] == "bags" ? "bag" : "recipe",
		name: components[1] || components[0]
	};
};

adaptor.generateETag = function(workspace, tiddler) {
	var revision = tiddler.fields["server.page.revision"];
	var etag = revision == "false" ? null : tiddler.fields["server.etag"];
	if(!etag && workspace.type == "bag") {
		if(typeof revision == "undefined") {
			revision = "0";
		} else if(revision == "false") {
			return null;
		}
		etag = [adaptor.normalizeTitle(workspace.name),
			adaptor.normalizeTitle(tiddler.title), revision].join("/");
		etag = '"' + etag + '"';
	}
	return etag;
};

adaptor.normalizeTitle = function(title) {
	return encodeURIComponent(title);
};

})(jQuery);


/*
 * jQuery JSON Plugin
 * version: 1.3
 * source: http://code.google.com/p/jquery-json/
 * license: MIT (http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php)
 */
(function($){function toIntegersAtLease(n)
{return n<10?'0'+n:n;}
Date.prototype.toJSON=function(date)
{return this.getUTCFullYear()+'-'+
toIntegersAtLease(this.getUTCMonth())+'-'+
toIntegersAtLease(this.getUTCDate());};var escapeable=/["\\\x00-\x1f\x7f-\x9f]/g;var meta={'\b':'\\b','\t':'\\t','\n':'\\n','\f':'\\f','\r':'\\r','"':'\\"','\\':'\\\\'};$.quoteString=function(string)
{if(escapeable.test(string))
{return'"'+string.replace(escapeable,function(a)
{var c=meta[a];if(typeof c==='string'){return c;}
c=a.charCodeAt();return'\\u00'+Math.floor(c/16).toString(16)+(c%16).toString(16);})+'"';}
return'"'+string+'"';};$.toJSON=function(o,compact)
{var type=typeof(o);if(type=="undefined")
return"undefined";else if(type=="number"||type=="boolean")
return o+"";else if(o===null)
return"null";if(type=="string")
{return $.quoteString(o);}
if(type=="object"&&typeof o.toJSON=="function")
return o.toJSON(compact);if(type!="function"&&typeof(o.length)=="number")
{var ret=[];for(var i=0;i<o.length;i++){ret.push($.toJSON(o[i],compact));}
if(compact)
return"["+ret.join(",")+"]";else
return"["+ret.join(", ")+"]";}
if(type=="function"){throw new TypeError("Unable to convert object of type 'function' to json.");}
var ret=[];for(var k in o){var name;type=typeof(k);if(type=="number")
name='"'+k+'"';else if(type=="string")
name=$.quoteString(k);else
continue;var val=$.toJSON(o[k],compact);if(typeof(val)!="string"){continue;}
if(compact)
ret.push(name+":"+val);else
ret.push(name+": "+val);}
return"{"+ret.join(", ")+"}";};$.compactJSON=function(o)
{return $.toJSON(o,true);};$.evalJSON=function(src)
{return eval("("+src+")");};$.secureEvalJSON=function(src)
{var filtered=src;filtered=filtered.replace(/\\["\\\/bfnrtu]/g,'@');filtered=filtered.replace(/"[^"\\\n\r]*"|true|false|null|-?\d+(?:\.\d*)?(?:[eE][+\-]?\d+)?/g,']');filtered=filtered.replace(/(?:^|:|,)(?:\s*\[)+/g,'');if(/^[\],:{}\s]*$/.test(filtered))
return eval("("+src+")");else
throw new SyntaxError("Error parsing JSON, source is not valid.");};})(jQuery);
//}}}
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Hung, D.W.L, Chen, D.T. 2001 Situated cognition, Vygotskian thought and learning from the communities of practice perspective: Implications for the design of web-based e-Learning //Educational Media International// 38(1) pp.3-12

This paper combines ideas from Vygotsky (<html<span title="Zone of Proximal Development"> ZPD</span></html>) and language/genre mechanisms, the "community of practice" school and notions about "situated cognition" into a 4-dimensioned model which can be applied to e-learning. The discussion of the originating ideas is interesting; at least one of the implementations into e-learning is simplistic, maybe trivially so.

The model offers:
|!Axis|!|!e-Learning|
|Situatedness|Embedded|Internet/Web based|
|~|~|Portable|
|~|Reflective & meta-cognitive|Tasks & projects|
|~|~|Depth over breadth => analysis of speech acts|
|Commonality|Identity Formation|create interest & interaction|
|~|Social act|capitalising of communicative activities|
|~|~|scaffolding structures|
|Interdependency|socially distributed|novice-expert relationships|
|~|~|capitalise on diverse expertise|
|Infrastructure|activity-facilited|tools to facilitate/structure activities|
|~|~|radically restructure time/space constrained processes|

The idea that "situatedness" is somehow implemented through the use of an internet application is - let's be generous - naive. It envisages a very limited range of learnings (as for example, a computer programmer, who may well benefit from the availability of online information). Against this is the distancing of learners from their learning community (i.e. people), a distancing denied by the propaganda of "always on".

Having said that, as a list of things that e-learning //''needs''// to do, as opposed to a list of what e-learning ''//does//'', it is useful.
Gaskell, D. and Cobb, (2004) Can learners use concordance feedback for writing errors? //System// 32(3) pp.301-319

A really comprehensive look at use of a corpus for grammar-based teaching & feedback on writing. They canvass the issue of //feedback// in writing, and the problematics. Students & teachers need support; learning curve has to be considered in course time allocation. Very promising results for approx. 50% of students, based on a short course (14 lessons in 4 weeks) trial. Many further research (& learning opportunities) identified.

From my point of view, really good evidence that students can self-correct writing effectively form a concordance.

Intereesting questions about what reasonable expectations are for time to learn a point of grammar? Question asked frequently (and answered inconclusively) for lexical acquaisition, not so in grammar research (apparently).
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The title and subtitle of your space are visible to visitors and are also displayed in your browser's tabs. Click on the SiteTitle and SiteSubtitle tiddler links below to make changes.
* [[SiteTitle]]
* [[SiteSubtitle]]
Stefansson, G. 2003 The tutor-web: An educational system for classroom presentation, evaluation and self-study //Computers & Education// Vol. 43 pp.315–343

A discussion of a "system" built by the author which makes no reference to standards in the field, but identifies some of the issues those standards are intended to address. It is a limited system, for teacher-led training with some AV tools. 
|!Tools:|
||Firefox/Chrome|
||Notepad++|
||Javascript|
||~JQuery|
||~Tiddly-Wiki|

|!Libraries||
|Code|C:\Users\Toshiba\Documents\My Dropbox\Myweb\~MoE|
|Website|C:\Users\Toshiba\Documents\My Dropbox\Public|

|!Architecture||
|Website|Common data |Community|
|~|[[Periodic text display]]|
|App|>| Offline tools |Connectivity|
||Teacher|Student|

|!Vision|
|To support text-driven learning. Students and teachers can enter texts, either written by them or from elsewhere, for feedback and analysis|
<!--{{{-->
<div macro='slideRevision'></div>
<div class='heading'>
	<span class="titleBar">
		<div class='title' macro='view title text'></div>
	</span>
	<span class='modifierIcon'
		macro='view modifier SiteIcon label:no height:48 width:48 preserveAspectRatio:yes'>
	</span>
	<div class='toolbar'
		macro='toolbar [[ToolbarCommands::RevisionToolbar]] icons:yes height:48 width:48 more:popup'>
	</div>
	<div class='tagClear'></div>
</div>
<div class='content'>
	<div class='viewer' macro='view text wikified'></div>
</div>
<div class='tagInfo'>
	<div class='tidTags' macro='tags'></div>
	<div class='tagging' macro='tagging'></div>
</div>
<!--}}}-->
Almost too broad to discuss - see [[Barrows & Tamblyn 1980]]
|||!Engine|>|>|
||| Samsung |  Pico |
|''SSML tag''|''SSML element''||
|audio|src"=//filename//"|N|N|
|speak|xml|Reads XML|Silence|
|speak|lang|N|N|
|voice|gender|N|N|
||name|N|N|
|break|N|N|
|say-as|interpret-as|N|N|
|phoneme|alphabet = "ipa"|N|N|
|prosody|rate|N|N|
||contour|N|N|
|emphasis||N|N|
|mark||N|N|
|lexicon||N|N|
As opposed to instructional design. See Jochems //et. al.// 2004
/%

Hello,

If you choose to change this GettingStarted tiddler, you may wish to add the following to your new content if you expect you space to be included:

<<<
----
Hello,
''This ~GettingStarted tiddler has been customized.''
If you want to see the original system tiddler just click the following link: GettingStarted@system-info at system-info.
<<<
%/

Welcome to your brand new [[TiddlySpace|http://docs.tiddlyspace.com/TiddlySpace]].

You're almost ready to go, there are just a couple of things left to do.

!Customise your space
Go to [[SpaceSettings]] to finish customising  your space. When you're done, come back here (just scroll up). Don't worry though, this will still be open when you've finished.

!Further Customisation

For advanced options, the [[ServerSettings]] tiddler is used to enable the following features:

#index: The value is the name of a tiddler that will be presented when loading the space.  For example, when set to {{{Hello}}} for the space hello.tiddlyspace.com, navigating to that URL will present the Hello tiddler. If there is no {{{Hello}}} you will get an error.
#editor: The name of an [[editor application|http://docs.tiddlyspace.com/Example%20Tiddler%20Editors]] to edit tiddlers with.  Applications come from [[included spaces|http://docs.tiddlyspace.com/How%20do%20I%20include%2Fexclude%20spaces%3F]]

//If you do not need or understand these features there is no need to create a ServerSettings tiddler.//

To edit these options: 

* click [[here|ServerSettings]] to open the [[ServerSettings]] tiddler
* click on the edit button (the pencil icon)
* add the options you wish to set 
* click on the save button (the tick icon).

An example [[ServerSettings]] tiddler:
{{{
index: HelloThere
editor: /edit#{tiddler}
}}}

The additional text after /edit allows a tiddler to be opened in edit mode e.g:
{{{http://hello.tiddlyspace.com/edit#MyTiddler}}}

!!See Also

* [[ServerSettings shadow tiddler|http://docs.tiddlyspace.com/ServerSettings%20shadow%20tiddler]]
* [[Choosing a non-TiddlyWiki Default Application for your Space|http://docs.tiddlyspace.com/Choosing%20a%20non-TiddlyWiki%20Default%20Application%20for%20your%20Space]]

!Finished customising?
You can [[Start writing]] some [[tiddlers|http://docs.tiddlyspace.com/Tiddler]].
If you're not done tweaking yet though, you can always [[Customise this space|SpaceSettings]] a bit more.

You can also [[access and read other tiddlers in various ways|http://docs.tiddlyspace.com/Viewing%20Tiddlers]].

!Administration
If you'd like to change your password or create another space, visit "Your Account" from the [[Universal Backstage|http://docs.tiddlyspace.com/UniversalBackstage]] (the blue dot in the upper right of the page). If you'd like to add a member or [[include a space|http://docs.tiddlyspace.com/How%20do%20I%20include%2Fexclude%20spaces%3F]] visit "This Space" from the [[Universal Backstage|http://docs.tiddlyspace.com/UniversalBackstage]].

You can have as many spaces as you like and each space can have as many members as you or your group need.

!Stuck?
If you're stuck, and would like some help, please visit the [[help|http://help.tiddlyspace.com]] space, which can point you in the right direction.
Seems like a multiply-dimensioned  [[Jigsaw]] See [[Berger et. al. 2001]] for details, summary in [[Dillenbourg, P. 2002]]
One peer reads a paragraph, the other questions. Swap roles for next paragraph. [[Palincsar & Brown 1984]] See also [[O'Donnell & Dansereau 1992]]; [Fantuzzo et al 1989]]; [[Reiserer, Ertl & Mandl 2002]]
/***
|''Name''|TiddlySpacePublishingCommands|
|''Version''|0.8.5|
|''Status''|@@beta@@|
|''Description''|toolbar commands for drafting and publishing|
|''Author''|Jon Robson|
|''Source''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace/raw/master/src/plugins/TiddlySpacePublishingCommands.js|
|''CoreVersion''|2.6.1|
|''Requires''|TiddlySpaceConfig TiddlySpaceFilters|
!Usage
Provides changeToPrivate, changeToPublic and saveDraft commands
Provides TiddlySpacePublisher macro.
{{{<<TiddlySpacePublisher type:private>>}}} make lots of private tiddlers public.
{{{<<TiddlySpacePublisher type:public>>}}} make lots of public tiddlers public.
!TODO
* add public argument?
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

var tiddlyspace = config.extensions.tiddlyspace;
var originMacro = config.macros.tiddlerOrigin;

tiddlyspace.getTiddlerStatusType = function(tiddler) {
	var isShadow = store.isShadowTiddler(tiddler.title);
	var exists = store.tiddlerExists(tiddler.title);
	if(isShadow && !exists) {
		return "shadow";
	} else if(!exists) {
		return "missing";
	} else {
		var types = ["private", "public"];
		var type = "external";
		for(var i = 0; i < types.length; i++) {
			var t = types[i];
			type = config.filterHelpers.is[t](tiddler) ? t : type;
		}
		if(config.filterHelpers.is.unsynced(tiddler)) {
			type = type == "private" ? "unsyncedPrivate" : "unsyncedPublic";
		}
		return type;
	}
};

var cmd = config.commands.publishTiddler = {
	text: "make public",
	tooltip: "Change this private tiddler into a public tiddler",
	errorMsg: "Error publishing %0: %1",

	isEnabled: function(tiddler) {
		return !readOnly && config.filterHelpers.is["private"](tiddler);
	},
	handler: function(ev, src, title) {
		var tiddler = store.getTiddler(title);
		if(tiddler) {
			var newBag = cmd.toggleBag(tiddler.fields["server.bag"]);
			this.moveTiddler(tiddler, {
				title: tiddler.fields["publish.name"] || tiddler.title,
				fields: { "server.bag": newBag }
			});
		}
	},
	toggleBag: function(bag, to) {
		var newBag;
		if(typeof bag != typeof "") {
			var tiddler = bag;
			bag = tiddler.fields["server.bag"];
		}
		if(bag.indexOf("_private") > -1) { // should make use of endsWith
			to = to ? to : "public";
			newBag = bag.replace("_private", "_" + to);
		} else {
			to = to ? to : "private";
			newBag = bag.replace("_public", "_" + to);
		}
		return newBag;
	},
	copyTiddler: function(title, newTitle, newBag, callback) {
		var original = store.getTiddler(title);
		newTitle = newTitle ? newTitle : title;
		var adaptor = original.getAdaptor();
		var publish = function(original, callback) {
			var tiddler = $.extend(new Tiddler(newTitle), original);
			tiddler.fields = $.extend({}, original.fields, {
				"server.bag": newBag,
				"server.workspace": "bags/%0".format(newBag),
				"server.page.revision": "false"
			});
			delete tiddler.fields["server.title"];
			tiddler.title = newTitle;
			adaptor.putTiddler(tiddler, null, null, callback);
		};
		publish(original, callback);
	},
	moveTiddler: function(tiddler, newTiddler, callback) {
			var info = {
			copyContext: {},
			deleteContext: {}
		};
		var _dirty = store.isDirty();
		var adaptor = tiddler.getAdaptor();
		var newTitle = newTiddler.title;
		var oldTitle = tiddler.title;
		delete tiddler.fields["server.workspace"];
		var oldBag = tiddler.fields["server.bag"];
		var newBag = newTiddler.fields["server.bag"];
		var newWorkspace = "bags/%0".format(newBag);
		cmd.copyTiddler(oldTitle, newTitle, newBag, function(ctx) {
				info.copyContext = ctx;
				var context = {
					tiddler: tiddler,
					workspace: newWorkspace
				};
				store.addTiddler(ctx.tiddler);
				tiddler.title = oldTitle; // for cases where a rename occurs
				if(ctx.status) { // only do if a success
					if(oldBag != newBag) {
						adaptor.deleteTiddler(tiddler, context, {}, function(ctx) {
							info.deleteContext = ctx;
							var el;
							if(tiddler) {
								tiddler.fields["server.workspace"] = newWorkspace;
								tiddler.fields["server.bag"] = newBag;
							}
							el = el ? el : story.refreshTiddler(oldTitle, null, true);
							if(oldTitle != newTitle) {
								store.deleteTiddler(oldTitle);
								store.notify(oldTitle, true);
							}
							if(el) {
								story.displayTiddler(el, newTitle);
							}
							if(oldTitle != newTitle) {
								story.closeTiddler(oldTitle);
							}
							if(callback) {
								callback(info);
							}
							store.setDirty(_dirty);
						});
					} else {
						if(callback) {
							callback(info);
						}
					}
					refreshDisplay();
				}
		});
	}
};

var changeToPrivate = config.commands.changeToPrivate = {
	text: "make private",
	tooltip: "turn this public tiddler into a private tiddler",
	isEnabled: function(tiddler) {
		return !readOnly && config.filterHelpers.is["public"](tiddler);
	},
	handler: function(event, src, title) {
		var tiddler = store.getTiddler(title);
		var newBag = cmd.toggleBag(tiddler, "private");
		var newTiddler = { title: title, fields: { "server.bag": newBag }};
		cmd.moveTiddler(tiddler, newTiddler);
	}
};
config.commands.changeToPublic = cmd;

/* Save as draft command */
var saveDraftCmd = config.commands.saveDraft = {
	text: "save draft",
	tooltip: "Save as a private draft",
	isEnabled: function(tiddler) {
		return changeToPrivate.isEnabled(tiddler);
	},
	getDraftTitle: function(title) {
		var draftTitle;
		var draftNum = "";
		while(!draftTitle) {
			var suggestedTitle = "%0 [draft%1]".format(title, draftNum);
			if(store.getTiddler(suggestedTitle)) {
				draftNum = !draftNum ? 2 : draftNum + 1;
			} else {
				draftTitle = suggestedTitle;
			}
		}
		return draftTitle;
	},
	createDraftTiddler: function(title, gatheredFields) {
		var tiddler = store.getTiddler(title);
		var draftTitle = saveDraftCmd.getDraftTitle(title);
		var draftTiddler = new Tiddler(draftTitle);
		if(tiddler) {
			$.extend(true, draftTiddler, tiddler);
		} else {
			$.extend(draftTiddler.fields, config.defaultCustomFields);
		}
		for(var fieldName in gatheredFields) {
			if(TiddlyWiki.isStandardField(fieldName)) {
				draftTiddler[fieldName] = gatheredFields[fieldName];
			} else {
				draftTiddler.fields[fieldName] = gatheredFields[fieldName];
			}
		}
		var privateBag = tiddlyspace.getCurrentBag("private");
		var privateWorkspace = tiddlyspace.getCurrentWorkspace("private");
		draftTiddler.title = draftTitle;
		draftTiddler.fields["publish.name"] = title;
		draftTiddler.fields["server.workspace"] = privateWorkspace;
		draftTiddler.fields["server.bag"] = privateBag;
		draftTiddler.fields["server.title"] = draftTitle;
		draftTiddler.fields["server.page.revision"] = "false";
		delete draftTiddler.fields["server.etag"];
		return draftTiddler;
	},
	handler: function(ev, src, title) {
		var tiddler = store.getTiddler(title); // original tiddler
		var tidEl = story.getTiddler(title);
		var uiFields = {};
		story.gatherSaveFields(tidEl, uiFields);
		var tid = saveDraftCmd.createDraftTiddler(title, uiFields);
		tid = store.saveTiddler(tid.title, tid.title, tid.text, tid.modifier,
			new Date(), tid.tags, tid.fields);
		autoSaveChanges(null, [tid]);
		story.closeTiddler(title);
		story.displayTiddler(src, title);
		story.displayTiddler(src, tid.title);
	}
};

var macro = config.macros.TiddlySpacePublisher = {
	locale: {
		title: "Batch Publisher",
		changeStatusLabel: "Make %0",
		noTiddlersText: "No tiddlers to publish",
		changeStatusPrompt: "Make all the selected tiddlers %0.",
		description: "Change tiddlers from %0 to %1 in this space"
	},

	listViewTemplate: {
		columns: [
			{ name: "Selected", field: "Selected", rowName: "title", type: "Selector" },
			{ name: "Tiddler", field: "tiddler", title: "Tiddler", type: "Tiddler" },
			{ name: "Status", field: "status", title: "Status", type: "WikiText" }
		],
		rowClasses: []
	},

	changeStatus: function(tiddlers, status, callback) { // this is what is called when you click the publish button
		var publicBag;
		for(var i = 0; i < tiddlers.length; i++) {
			var tiddler = tiddlers[i];
			var newTiddler = {
				title: tiddler.title,
				fields: { "server.bag": cmd.toggleBag(tiddler, status) }
			};
			cmd.moveTiddler(tiddler, newTiddler, callback);
		}
	},
	getMode: function(paramString) {
		var params = paramString.parseParams("anon")[0];
		var status = params.type ?
			(["public", "private"].contains(params.type[0]) ? params.type[0] : "private") :
			"private";
		var newStatus = status == "public" ? "private" : "public";
		return [status, newStatus];
	},
	handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
		var wizard = new Wizard();
		var locale = macro.locale;
		var status = macro.getMode(paramString);
		wizard.createWizard(place, locale.title);
		wizard.addStep(macro.locale.description.format(status[0], status[1]),
			'<input type="hidden" name="markList" />');
		var markList = wizard.getElement("markList");
		var listWrapper = $("<div />").addClass("batchPublisher").
			attr("refresh", "macro").attr("macroName", macroName).
			attr("params", paramString)[0];
		markList.parentNode.insertBefore(listWrapper, markList);
		$.data(listWrapper, "wizard", wizard);
		macro.refresh(listWrapper);
	},
	getCheckedTiddlers: function(listWrapper, titlesOnly) {
		var tiddlers = [];
		$(".chkOptionInput[rowName]:checked", listWrapper).each(function(i, el) {
			var title = $(el).attr("rowName");
			if(titlesOnly) {
				tiddlers.push(title);
			} else {
				tiddlers.push(store.getTiddler(title));
			}
		});
		return tiddlers;
	},
	refresh: function(listWrapper) {
		var checked = macro.getCheckedTiddlers(listWrapper, true);
		var paramString = $(listWrapper).empty().attr("params");
		var wizard = $.data(listWrapper, "wizard");
		var locale = macro.locale;
		var params = paramString.parseParams("anon")[0];
		var publishCandidates = [];
		var status = macro.getMode(paramString);
		var pubType = status[0];
		var newPubType = status[1];
		var tiddlers = params.filter ? store.filterTiddlers(params.filter[0]) :
			store.filterTiddlers("[is[%0]]".format(pubType));
		var enabled = [];
		for(var i = 0; i < tiddlers.length; i++) {
			var tiddler = tiddlers[i];
			var title = tiddler.title;
			if(!tiddler.tags.contains("excludePublisher") && title !== "SystemSettings") {
				publishCandidates.push({ title: title, tiddler: tiddler, status: pubType});
			}
			if(checked.contains(title)) {
				enabled.push("[rowname=%0]".format(title));
			}
		}

		if(publishCandidates.length === 0) {
			createTiddlyElement(listWrapper, "em", null, null, locale.noTiddlersText);
		} else {
			var listView = ListView.create(listWrapper, publishCandidates, macro.listViewTemplate);
			wizard.setValue("listView", listView);
			var btnHandler = function(ev) {
				var tiddlers = macro.getCheckedTiddlers(listWrapper);
				var callback = function(status) {
					$(".batchPublisher").each(function(i, el) {
						macro.refresh(el);
					});
				};
				macro.changeStatus(tiddlers, newPubType, callback);
			};
			wizard.setButtons([{
				caption: locale.changeStatusLabel.format(newPubType),
				tooltip: locale.changeStatusPrompt.format(newPubType),
				onClick: btnHandler
			}]);
			$(enabled.join(",")).attr("checked", true); // retain what was checked before
		}
	}
};

})(jQuery);
//}}}
testing source
!Spaces
<<groupBy server.bag>>

!Private
<<list filter [is[private]]>>

!Public
<<list filter [is[public]]>>

!Drafts
<<list filter [is[draft]]>>
/***
|''Name''|TiddlySpaceBackstage|
|''Version''|0.8.0|
|''Description''|Provides a TiddlySpace version of the backstage and a homeLink macro|
|''Status''|@@beta@@|
|''Contributors''|Jon Lister, Jon Robson, Colm Britton|
|''Source''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace/raw/master/src/plugins/TiddlySpaceBackstage.js|
|''Requires''|TiddlySpaceConfig ImageMacroPlugin TiddlySpaceViewTypes|
!StyleSheet
.tiddler .error.annotation .button{
	display: inline-block;
}

#backstageArea {
	z-index: 49;
	color: white;
	background-color: black;
	background: -webkit-gradient(linear,left bottom,left top,color-stop(0, #222),color-stop(0.5, #333),color-stop(1, #555));
	background: -moz-linear-gradient(center bottom,#222 0%, #333 50%, #555 100%);
	filter: progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr=#ff555555, endColorstr=#ff222222);
	-ms-filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient(startColorstr=#ff555555, endColorstr=#ff222222)";
	height: 25px;
	padding: 0;
}

#backstageButton {
	overflow: hidden;
}

#backstageButton #backstageShow,
#backstageButton #backstageHide {
	margin: 0px;
	padding: 0px;
}

#backstageButton #backstageShow:hover,
#backstageButton #backstageHide:hover {
	background: none;
	color: none;
}

#backstageButton img,
#backstageButton svg {
	width: 24px;
	height: 24px;
}

#messageArea {
	top: 50px;
}

#backstageToolbar {
	position: relative;
}

#backstageArea a {
	padding: 0px;
	margin-left: 0px;
	color: white;
	background: none;
}

#backstageArea a:hover {
	background-color: white;
}

#backstage ol,
#backstage ul {
	padding: auto;
}

#backstageButton a {
	margin: 0;
}

.backstagePanelBody ul {
	padding: 5px;
	margin: 5px;
}

#backstage #backstagePanel {
	margin-left: 5%;
	padding: 0em;
	margin-right: 5%;
}

#backstageToolbar a {
	position: relative;
}

#backstageArea a.backstageSelTab,
#backstageToolbar .backstageTask {
	line-height: 25px;
	color: #767676;
}

.backstageTask .externalImage,
.backstageTask .image {
	display: inline;
}

#backstageToolbar a span {
	z-index: 2;
}

a.backstageTask {
	display: inline;
        margin-left: 1em !important;
}

.backstagePanelBody .button {
	display: inline-block;
	margin-right: 10px;
}

.backstagePanelBody {
	margin: 0 0 0 0.6em;
	padding: 0.4em 0.5em 1px 0.5em;
}

#backstage table {
	margin: auto;
}

#backstage .wizard table {
	border: 0px;
	margin: 0;
}

#backstage div  li.listLink {
	border: 0px;
	width: 78%;
	font-size: 0.7em;
}

#backstage div li.listTitle {
	font-weight: bold;
	text-decoration: underline;
	font-size: 1em;
	background: #ccc;
	width: 100%;
}

#backstage fieldset {
	border: solid 1px [[ColorPalette::Background]];
}

#backstage .viewer table,#backstage table.twtable {
	border: 0px;
}

#backstageToolbar img {
	padding: 0;
}

#backstage .wizard,
#backstage .wizardFooter {
	background: none;
}

.viewer td, .viewer tr, .twtable td, .twtable tr {
	border: 1px solid #eee;
}

#backstage .inlineList ul li {
	background-color: [[ColorPalette::Background]];
	border: solid 1px [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];
	display: block;
	float: left;
	list-style: none;
	margin-right: 1em;
	padding: 0.5em;
}

.backstageClear, .inlineList form {
	clear: both;
	display: block;
	margin-top: 3em;
}

.tiddlyspaceMenu {
	text-align: center;
}

span.chunkyButton {
	display: inline-block;
	padding: 0;
	margin: 0;
	border: solid 2px #000;
	background-color: #04b;
}

span.chunkyButton a.button, span.chunkyButton a:active.button {
	white-space: nowrap;
	font-weight: bold;
	font-size: 1.8em;
	color: #fff;
	text-align: center;
	padding: 0.5em 0.5em;
	margin: 0;
	border-style: none;
	display: block;
}

span.chunkyButton:hover {
	background-color: #014;
}

span.chunkyButton a.button:hover {
	border-style: none;
	background: none;
	color: #fff;
}

#backstage .unpluggedSpaceTab .wizard,
.unpluggedSpaceTab .wizard {
	background: white;
	border: 2px solid #CCC;
	padding: 5px;
}

.syncKey .keyItem {
	border: 1px solid black;
	display: inline-block;
	margin: 0.2em;
	padding: 0.1em 0.1em 0.1em 0.1em;
}

.keyHeading {
	font-size: 2em;
	font-weight: bold;
	margin: 0.4em 0em -0.2em;
}

.unpluggedSpaceTab .putToServer,
.unpluggedSpaceTab .notChanged {
	display: none;
}

.tiddlyspaceMenu ul {
	margin: 0;
	padding: 0;
}

.tiddlyspaceMenu ul li {
	list-style: none;
}

.unsyncedChanges .unsyncedList {
	display: block;
}

.unsyncedList {
	display: none;
}
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function ($) {
    var name = "StyleSheet" + tiddler.title;
    config.shadowTiddlers[name] = "/*{{{*/\n%0\n/*}}}*/".
        format(store.getTiddlerText(tiddler.title + "##StyleSheet")); // this accesses the StyleSheet section of the current tiddler (the plugin that contains it)
    store.addNotification(name, refreshStyles);

    if (!config.extensions.tiddlyweb.status.tiddlyspace_version) { // unplugged
        config.extensions.tiddlyweb.status.tiddlyspace_version = "<unknown>";
        config.extensions.tiddlyweb.status.server_host = {
            url:config.extensions.tiddlyweb.host }; // TiddlySpaceLinkPlugin expects this
    }
    var disabled_tasks_for_nonmembers = ["tiddlers", "plugins", "batch", "sync"];

    var tweb = config.extensions.tiddlyweb;
    var tiddlyspace = config.extensions.tiddlyspace;
    var currentSpace = tiddlyspace.currentSpace.name;
    var imageMacro = config.macros.image;

    if (config.options.chkBackstage === undefined) {
        config.options.chkBackstage = false;
    }

// Set up Backstage
    config.tasks = {};
    config.tasks.status = {
        text:"status",
        tooltip:"TiddlySpace Info",
        content:"<<tiddler Backstage##Menu>>"
    };
    config.tasks.tiddlers = {
        text:"tiddlers",
        tooltip:"tiddlers control panel",
        content:"<<tiddler Backstage##BackstageTiddlers>>"
    };
    config.tasks.plugins = {
        text:"plugins",
        tooltip:"Manage installed plugins",
        content:"<<tiddler Backstage##Plugins>>"
    };
    config.tasks.batch = {
        text:"batch",
        tooltip:"Batch manage public/private tiddlers",
        content:"<<tiddler Backstage##BatchOps>>"
    };
    config.tasks.tweaks = {
        text:"tweaks",
        tooltip:"Tweak TiddlyWiki behaviors",
        content:"<<tiddler Backstage##Tweaks>>"
    };
    config.tasks.exportTiddlers = {
        text:"import/export",
        tooltip:"Import/export tiddlers from/to a TiddlyWiki",
        content:"<<tiddler Backstage##ImportExport>>"
    };
    config.tasks.sync = {
        text:"sync",
        tooltip:"Check Sync status",
        content:"<<tiddler Backstage##SpaceUnplugged>>"
    };

    if (window.location.protocol === "file:") {
        config.unplugged = true;
    }

    config.backstageTasks = ["status", "tiddlers", "plugins",
        "batch", "tweaks", "exportTiddlers", "sync"];

    config.messages.backstage.prompt = "";
// initialize state
    var _show = backstage.show;
    backstage.show = function () {
        // selectively hide backstage tasks and tabs based on user status
        var tasks = $("#backstageToolbar .backstageTask").show();
        var bs = backstage.tiddlyspace;
        if (!config.unplugged) {
            tweb.getUserInfo(function (user) {
                if (user.anon) {
                    jQuery.each(disabled_tasks_for_nonmembers, function (i, task) {
                        var taskIndex = config.backstageTasks.indexOf(task);
                        if (taskIndex !== -1) {
                            config.backstageTasks.splice(taskIndex, 1);
                        }
                    });
                    config.messages.memberStatus = bs.locale.loggedout;
                } else {
                    config.messages.memberStatus = readOnly ?
                        bs.locale.nonmember : bs.locale.member;
                }
            });
        } else {
            config.messages.memberStatus = bs.locale.unplugged;
        }

        // display backstage
        return _show.apply(this, arguments);
    };
    if (readOnly) {
        jQuery.each(disabled_tasks_for_nonmembers, function (i, task) {
            var taskIndex = config.backstageTasks.indexOf(task);
            if (taskIndex !== -1) {
                config.backstageTasks.splice(taskIndex, 1);
            }
        });
    }

    var tasks = config.tasks;
    var commonUrl = "/bags/common/tiddlers/%0";

    backstage.tiddlyspace = {
        locale:{
            member:"You are a member of this space.",
            nonmember:"You are not a member of this space.",
            loggedout:"You are currently logged out of TiddlySpace.",
            unplugged:"You are unplugged."
        },
        showButton:function () {
            var showBtn = $("#backstageShow")[0];
            var altText = $(showBtn).text();
            $(showBtn).empty();
            imageMacro.renderImage(showBtn, "backstage.svg",
                { altImage:commonUrl.format("backstage.png"), alt:altText});
        },
        hideButton:function () {
            var hideBtn = $("#backstageHide")[0];
            var altText = $(hideBtn).text();
            $(hideBtn).empty();
            imageMacro.renderImage(hideBtn, "close.svg",
                { altImage:commonUrl.format("close.png"), alt:altText, width:24, height:24 });
        }
    };

    var _init = backstage.init;
    backstage.init = function () {
        _init.apply(this, arguments);
        var init = function (user) {
            var bs = backstage.tiddlyspace;
            bs.showButton();
            bs.hideButton();
        };
        tweb.getUserInfo(init);
    };

    var home = config.macros.homeLink = {
        locale:{
            linkText:"your home space"
        },
        handler:function (place) {
            var container = $("<span />").appendTo(place)[0];
            tweb.getUserInfo(function (user) {
                if (!user.anon && user.name !== currentSpace) {
                    createSpaceLink(container, user.name, null, home.locale.linkText);
                }
            });
        }
    };

    config.macros.exportSpace = {
        handler:function (place, macroName, params) {
            var filename = params[0] ||
                "/tiddlers.wiki?download=%0.html".format(currentSpace);
            $('<a class="button">download</a>').// XXX: i18n
                attr("href", filename).appendTo(place);
        }
    };

}(jQuery));
//}}}
Kaur, J. & Hegelheimer, V. (2005)&nbsp;ESL Students’ use of concordance in the transfer of academic word&nbsp;knowledge: An exploratory study&nbsp;Computer Assisted Language Learning,&nbsp;Vol. 18, No. 4, October 2005, pp. 287 – 310

A fairly limited study which shows that use of a concordance may (at a statistically significant level) positively impact successful deployment of target vocabulary. There were some issues in the experiment with students lacking time to use the concordance, and preferring the "comfort zone" of the dictionary. Of particular interest was the instructional method, which was a typical assignment in a stadrd ESL course, rather han being designed specifically for the experiment.
/***
|''Name''|RevisionsCommandPlugin|
|''Description''|provides access to tiddler revisions|
|''Author''|FND|
|''Contributors''|Martin Budden|
|''Version''|0.3.3|
|''Status''|@@beta@@|
|''Source''|http://svn.tiddlywiki.org/Trunk/association/plugins/RevisionsCommandPlugin.js|
|''CodeRepository''|http://svn.tiddlywiki.org/Trunk/association/plugins/|
|''License''|[[BSD|http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php]]|
|''CoreVersion''|2.6.0|
|''Keywords''|serverSide|
!Usage
Extend [[ToolbarCommands]] with {{{revisions}}}.
!Revision History
!!v0.1 (2009-07-23)
* initial release (renamed from experimental ServerCommandsPlugin)
!!v0.2 (2010-03-04)
* suppressed wikification in diff view
!!v0.3 (2010-04-07)
* restored wikification in diff view
* added link to side-by-side diff view
!To Do
* strip server.* fields from revision tiddlers
* resolve naming conflicts
* i18n, l10n
* code sanitizing
* documentation
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

jQuery.twStylesheet(".diff { white-space: pre, font-family: monospace }",
	{ id: "diff" });

var cmd = config.commands.revisions = {
	type: "popup",
	hideShadow: true,
	text: "revisions",
	tooltip: "display tiddler revisions",
	revTooltip: "", // TODO: populate dynamically?
	loadLabel: "loading...",
	loadTooltip: "loading revision list",
	selectLabel: "select",
	selectTooltip: "select revision for comparison",
	selectedLabel: "selected",
	compareLabel: "compare",
	linkLabel: "side-by-side view",
	revSuffix: " [rev. #%0]",
	diffSuffix: " [diff: #%0 #%1]",
	dateFormat: "YYYY-0MM-0DD 0hh:0mm",
	listError: "revisions could not be retrieved",

	handlePopup: function(popup, title) {
		title = this.stripSuffix("rev", title);
		title = this.stripSuffix("diff", title);
		var tiddler = store.getTiddler(title);
		var type = _getField("server.type", tiddler);
		var adaptor = new config.adaptors[type]();
		var limit = null; // TODO: customizable
		var context = {
			host: _getField("server.host", tiddler),
			workspace: _getField("server.workspace", tiddler)
		};
		var loading = createTiddlyButton(popup, cmd.loadLabel, cmd.loadTooltip);
		var params = { popup: popup, loading: loading, origin: title };
		adaptor.getTiddlerRevisionList(title, limit, context, params, this.displayRevisions);
	},

	displayRevisions: function(context, userParams) {
		removeNode(userParams.loading);
		if(context.status) {
			var callback = function(ev) {
				var e = ev || window.event;
				var revision = resolveTarget(e).getAttribute("revision");
				context.adaptor.getTiddlerRevision(tiddler.title, revision, context,
					userParams, cmd.displayTiddlerRevision);
			};
			var table = createTiddlyElement(userParams.popup, "table");
			for(var i = 0; i < context.revisions.length; i++) {
				var tiddler = context.revisions[i];
				var row = createTiddlyElement(table, "tr");
				var timestamp = tiddler.modified.formatString(cmd.dateFormat);
				var revision = tiddler.fields["server.page.revision"];
				var cell = createTiddlyElement(row, "td");
				createTiddlyButton(cell, timestamp, cmd.revTooltip, callback, null,
					null, null, { revision: revision });
				cell = createTiddlyElement(row, "td", null, null, tiddler.modifier);
				cell = createTiddlyElement(row, "td");
				createTiddlyButton(cell, cmd.selectLabel, cmd.selectTooltip,
					cmd.revisionSelected, null, null, null,
					{ index:i, revision: revision, col: 2 });
				cmd.context = context; // XXX: unsafe (singleton)!?
			}
		} else {
			$("<li />").text(cmd.listError).appendTo(userParams.popup);
		}
	},

	revisionSelected: function(ev) {
		var e = ev || window.event;
		e.cancelBubble = true;
		if(e.stopPropagation) {
			e.stopPropagation();
		}
		var n = resolveTarget(e);
		var index = n.getAttribute("index");
		var col = n.getAttribute("col");
		while(!index || !col) {
			n = n.parentNode;
			index = n.getAttribute("index");
			col = n.getAttribute("col");
		}
		cmd.revision = n.getAttribute("revision");
		var table = n.parentNode.parentNode.parentNode;
		var rows = table.childNodes;
		for(var i = 0; i < rows.length; i++) {
			var c = rows[i].childNodes[col].firstChild;
			if(i == index) {
				if(c.textContent) {
					c.textContent = cmd.selectedLabel;
				} else {
					c.text = cmd.selectedLabel;
				}
			} else {
				if(c.textContent) {
					c.textContent = cmd.compareLabel;
				} else {
					c.text = cmd.compareLabel;
				}
				c.onclick = cmd.compareSelected;
			}
		}
	},

	compareSelected: function(ev) {
		var e = ev || window.event;
		var n = resolveTarget(e);
		var context = cmd.context;
		context.rev1 = n.getAttribute("revision");
		context.rev2 = cmd.revision;
		context.tiddler = context.revisions[n.getAttribute("index")];
		context.format = "unified";
		context.adaptor.getTiddlerDiff(context.tiddler.title, context,
			context.userParams, cmd.displayTiddlerDiffs);
	},

	displayTiddlerDiffs: function(context, userParams) {
		var tiddler = context.tiddler;
		tiddler.title += cmd.diffSuffix.format([context.rev1, context.rev2]);
		tiddler.text = "{{diff{\n" + context.diff + "\n}}}";
		tiddler.tags = ["diff"];
		tiddler.fields.doNotSave = "true"; // XXX: correct?
		if(!store.getTiddler(tiddler.title)) {
			store.addTiddler(tiddler);
		}
		var src = story.getTiddler(userParams.origin);
		var tiddlerEl = story.displayTiddler(src, tiddler);
		var uri = context.uri.replace("format=unified", "format=horizontal");
		var link = $('<a target="_blank" />').attr("href", uri).text(cmd.linkLabel);
		$(".viewer", tiddlerEl).prepend(link);
	},

	displayTiddlerRevision: function(context, userParams) {
		var tiddler = context.tiddler;
		tiddler.title += cmd.revSuffix.format([tiddler.fields["server.page.revision"]]);
		tiddler.fields.doNotSave = "true"; // XXX: correct?
		if(!store.getTiddler(tiddler.title)) {
			store.addTiddler(tiddler);
		}
		var src = story.getTiddler(userParams.origin);
		story.displayTiddler(src, tiddler);
	},

	stripSuffix: function(type, title) {
		var str = cmd[type + "Suffix"];
		var i = str.indexOf("%0");
		i = title.indexOf(str.substr(0, i));
		if(i != -1) {
			title = title.substr(0, i);
		}
		return title;
	}
};

var _getField = function(name, tiddler) {
	return tiddler.fields[name] || config.defaultCustomFields[name];
};

})(jQuery);
//}}}
/***
|''Description''|Sanitisation for dynamically pulling tiddlers into your space and displaying them|
!Notes
Works both inside and outside TiddlyWiki. Uses the HTML Sanitizer provided by the Google Caja project
(see http://code.google.com/p/google-caja/wiki/JsHtmlSanitizer for more on this), which is licensed under
an Apache License (see http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0).
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

var cleanURL = function(url) {
	var regexp = /^(?:http|https|mailto|ftp|irc|news):\/\//;
	return (regexp.test(url)) ? url : null;
};

$.sanitize = function(html) {
	return html_sanitize(html, cleanURL);
};

/*
 * HTML Sanitizer, provided by Google Caja
 */

/* Copyright Google Inc.
 * Licensed under the Apache Licence Version 2.0
 * Autogenerated at Tue May 17 17:39:24 BST 2011
 * @provides html4
 */var html4={};html4.atype={NONE:0,URI:1,URI_FRAGMENT:11,SCRIPT:2,STYLE:3,ID:4,IDREF:5,IDREFS:6,GLOBAL_NAME:7,LOCAL_NAME:8,CLASSES:9,FRAME_TARGET:10},html4.ATTRIBS={"*::class":9,"*::dir":0,"*::id":4,"*::lang":0,"*::onclick":2,"*::ondblclick":2,"*::onkeydown":2,"*::onkeypress":2,"*::onkeyup":2,"*::onload":2,"*::onmousedown":2,"*::onmousemove":2,"*::onmouseout":2,"*::onmouseover":2,"*::onmouseup":2,"*::style":3,"*::title":0,"a::accesskey":0,"a::coords":0,"a::href":1,"a::hreflang":0,"a::name":7,"a::onblur":2,"a::onfocus":2,"a::rel":0,"a::rev":0,"a::shape":0,"a::tabindex":0,"a::target":10,"a::type":0,"area::accesskey":0,"area::alt":0,"area::coords":0,"area::href":1,"area::nohref":0,"area::onblur":2,"area::onfocus":2,"area::shape":0,"area::tabindex":0,"area::target":10,"bdo::dir":0,"blockquote::cite":1,"br::clear":0,"button::accesskey":0,"button::disabled":0,"button::name":8,"button::onblur":2,"button::onfocus":2,"button::tabindex":0,"button::type":0,"button::value":0,"canvas::height":0,"canvas::width":0,"caption::align":0,"col::align":0,"col::char":0,"col::charoff":0,"col::span":0,"col::valign":0,"col::width":0,"colgroup::align":0,"colgroup::char":0,"colgroup::charoff":0,"colgroup::span":0,"colgroup::valign":0,"colgroup::width":0,"del::cite":1,"del::datetime":0,"dir::compact":0,"div::align":0,"dl::compact":0,"font::color":0,"font::face":0,"font::size":0,"form::accept":0,"form::action":1,"form::autocomplete":0,"form::enctype":0,"form::method":0,"form::name":7,"form::onreset":2,"form::onsubmit":2,"form::target":10,"h1::align":0,"h2::align":0,"h3::align":0,"h4::align":0,"h5::align":0,"h6::align":0,"hr::align":0,"hr::noshade":0,"hr::size":0,"hr::width":0,"iframe::align":0,"iframe::frameborder":0,"iframe::height":0,"iframe::marginheight":0,"iframe::marginwidth":0,"iframe::width":0,"img::align":0,"img::alt":0,"img::border":0,"img::height":0,"img::hspace":0,"img::ismap":0,"img::name":7,"img::src":1,"img::usemap":11,"img::vspace":0,"img::width":0,"input::accept":0,"input::accesskey":0,"input::align":0,"input::alt":0,"input::autocomplete":0,"input::checked":0,"input::disabled":0,"input::ismap":0,"input::maxlength":0,"input::name":8,"input::onblur":2,"input::onchange":2,"input::onfocus":2,"input::onselect":2,"input::readonly":0,"input::size":0,"input::src":1,"input::tabindex":0,"input::type":0,"input::usemap":11,"input::value":0,"ins::cite":1,"ins::datetime":0,"label::accesskey":0,"label::for":5,"label::onblur":2,"label::onfocus":2,"legend::accesskey":0,"legend::align":0,"li::type":0,"li::value":0,"map::name":7,"menu::compact":0,"ol::compact":0,"ol::start":0,"ol::type":0,"optgroup::disabled":0,"optgroup::label":0,"option::disabled":0,"option::label":0,"option::selected":0,"option::value":0,"p::align":0,"pre::width":0,"q::cite":1,"select::disabled":0,"select::multiple":0,"select::name":8,"select::onblur":2,"select::onchange":2,"select::onfocus":2,"select::size":0,"select::tabindex":0,"table::align":0,"table::bgcolor":0,"table::border":0,"table::cellpadding":0,"table::cellspacing":0,"table::frame":0,"table::rules":0,"table::summary":0,"table::width":0,"tbody::align":0,"tbody::char":0,"tbody::charoff":0,"tbody::valign":0,"td::abbr":0,"td::align":0,"td::axis":0,"td::bgcolor":0,"td::char":0,"td::charoff":0,"td::colspan":0,"td::headers":6,"td::height":0,"td::nowrap":0,"td::rowspan":0,"td::scope":0,"td::valign":0,"td::width":0,"textarea::accesskey":0,"textarea::cols":0,"textarea::disabled":0,"textarea::name":8,"textarea::onblur":2,"textarea::onchange":2,"textarea::onfocus":2,"textarea::onselect":2,"textarea::readonly":0,"textarea::rows":0,"textarea::tabindex":0,"tfoot::align":0,"tfoot::char":0,"tfoot::charoff":0,"tfoot::valign":0,"th::abbr":0,"th::align":0,"th::axis":0,"th::bgcolor":0,"th::char":0,"th::charoff":0,"th::colspan":0,"th::headers":6,"th::height":0,"th::nowrap":0,"th::rowspan":0,"th::scope":0,"th::valign":0,"th::width":0,"thead::align":0,"thead::char":0,"thead::charoff":0,"thead::valign":0,"tr::align":0,"tr::bgcolor":0,"tr::char":0,"tr::charoff":0,"tr::valign":0,"ul::compact":0,"ul::type":0},html4.eflags={OPTIONAL_ENDTAG:1,EMPTY:2,CDATA:4,RCDATA:8,UNSAFE:16,FOLDABLE:32,SCRIPT:64,STYLE:128},html4.ELEMENTS={a:0,abbr:0,acronym:0,address:0,applet:16,area:2,b:0,base:18,basefont:18,bdo:0,big:0,blockquote:0,body:49,br:2,button:0,canvas:0,caption:0,center:0,cite:0,code:0,col:2,colgroup:1,dd:1,del:0,dfn:0,dir:0,div:0,dl:0,dt:1,em:0,fieldset:0,font:0,form:0,frame:18,frameset:16,h1:0,h2:0,h3:0,h4:0,h5:0,h6:0,head:49,hr:2,html:49,i:0,iframe:4,img:2,input:2,ins:0,isindex:18,kbd:0,label:0,legend:0,li:1,link:18,map:0,menu:0,meta:18,nobr:0,noframes:20,noscript:20,object:16,ol:0,optgroup:0,option:1,p:1,param:18,pre:0,q:0,s:0,samp:0,script:84,select:0,small:0,span:0,strike:0,strong:0,style:148,sub:0,sup:0,table:0,tbody:1,td:1,textarea:8,tfoot:1,th:1,thead:1,title:24,tr:1,tt:0,u:0,ul:0,"var":0},html4.ueffects={NOT_LOADED:0,SAME_DOCUMENT:1,NEW_DOCUMENT:2},html4.URIEFFECTS={"a::href":2,"area::href":2,"blockquote::cite":0,"body::background":1,"del::cite":0,"form::action":2,"img::src":1,"input::src":1,"ins::cite":0,"q::cite":0},html4.ltypes={UNSANDBOXED:2,SANDBOXED:1,DATA:0},html4.LOADERTYPES={"a::href":2,"area::href":2,"blockquote::cite":2,"body::background":1,"del::cite":2,"form::action":2,"img::src":1,"input::src":1,"ins::cite":2,"q::cite":2};var html=function(a){function x(b,c,d){var e=[];w(function(b,e){for(var f=0;f<e.length;f+=2){var g=e[f],h=e[f+1],i=null,j;if((j=b+"::"+g,a.ATTRIBS.hasOwnProperty(j))||(j="*::"+g,a.ATTRIBS.hasOwnProperty(j)))i=a.ATTRIBS[j];if(i!==null)switch(i){case a.atype.NONE:break;case a.atype.SCRIPT:case a.atype.STYLE:h=null;break;case a.atype.ID:case a.atype.IDREF:case a.atype.IDREFS:case a.atype.GLOBAL_NAME:case a.atype.LOCAL_NAME:case a.atype.CLASSES:h=d?d(h):h;break;case a.atype.URI:h=c&&c(h);break;case a.atype.URI_FRAGMENT:h&&"#"===h.charAt(0)?(h=d?d(h):h,h&&(h="#"+h)):h=null;break;default:h=null}else h=null;e[f+1]=h}return e})(b,e);return e.join("")}function w(b){var c,d;return v({startDoc:function(a){c=[],d=!1},startTag:function(e,f,g){if(!d){if(!a.ELEMENTS.hasOwnProperty(e))return;var h=a.ELEMENTS[e];if(h&a.eflags.FOLDABLE)return;if(h&a.eflags.UNSAFE){d=!(h&a.eflags.EMPTY);return}f=b(e,f);if(f){h&a.eflags.EMPTY||c.push(e),g.push("<",e);for(var i=0,j=f.length;i<j;i+=2){var 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q=n[3];switch(q.charCodeAt(0)){case 34:case 39:q=q.substring(1,q.length-1)}p=k(i(q))}else p=o;h.push(o,p)}else if(n[4]){l!==void 0&&(m?c.startTag&&c.startTag(j,h,e):c.endTag&&c.endTag(j,e));if(m&&l&(a.eflags.CDATA|a.eflags.RCDATA)){f===null?f=b(d):f=f.substring(f.length-d.length);var r=f.indexOf("</"+j);r<0&&(r=d.length),l&a.eflags.CDATA?c.cdata&&c.cdata(d.substring(0,r),e):c.rcdata&&c.rcdata(s(d.substring(0,r)),e),d=d.substring(r)}j=l=m=void 0,h.length=0,g=!1}}else if(n[1])c.pcdata&&c.pcdata(n[0],e);else if(n[3])m=!n[2],g=!0,j=b(n[3]),l=a.ELEMENTS.hasOwnProperty(j)?a.ELEMENTS[j]:void 0;else if(n[4])c.pcdata&&c.pcdata(n[4],e);else if(n[5]&&c.pcdata)switch(n[5]){case"<":c.pcdata("&lt;",e);break;case">":c.pcdata("&gt;",e);break;default:c.pcdata("&amp;",e)}}c.endDoc&&c.endDoc(e)}}function s(a){return a.replace(m,"&amp;$1").replace(n,"&lt;").replace(o,"&gt;")}function r(a){return a.replace(l,"&amp;").replace(n,"&lt;").replace(o,"&gt;").replace(p,"&#34;").replace(q,"&#61;")}function k(a){return a.replace(j,g)}function i(a){return a.replace(h,"")}function g(a,b){return f(b)}function f(a){a=b(a);if(c.hasOwnProperty(a))return c[a];var f=a.match(d);if(f)return String.fromCharCode(parseInt(f[1],10));if(!!(f=a.match(e)))return String.fromCharCode(parseInt(f[1],16));return""}var b;"script"==="SCRIPT".toLowerCase()?b=function(a){return a.toLowerCase()}:b=function(a){return a.replace(/[A-Z]/g,function(a){return String.fromCharCode(a.charCodeAt(0)|32)})};var c={lt:"<",gt:">",amp:"&",nbsp:"240",quot:'"',apos:"'"},d=/^#(\d+)$/,e=/^#x([0-9A-Fa-f]+)$/,h=/\0/g,j=/&(#\d+|#x[0-9A-Fa-f]+|\w+);/g,l=/&/g,m=/&([^a-z#]|#(?:[^0-9x]|x(?:[^0-9a-f]|$)|$)|$)/gi,n=/</g,o=/>/g,p=/\"/g,q=/\=/g,t=new RegExp("^\\s*(?:(?:([a-z][a-z-]*)(\\s*=\\s*(\"[^\"]*\"|'[^']*'|(?=[a-z][a-z-]*\\s*=)|[^>\"'\\s]*))?)|(/?>)|[\\s\\S][^a-z\\s>]*)","i"),u=new RegExp("^(?:&(\\#[0-9]+|\\#[x][0-9a-f]+|\\w+);|<!--[\\s\\S]*?-->|<!\\w[^>]*>|<\\?[^>*]*>|<(/)?([a-z][a-z0-9]*)|([^<&>]+)|([<&>]))","i");return{escapeAttrib:r,makeHtmlSanitizer:w,makeSaxParser:v,normalizeRCData:s,sanitize:x,unescapeEntities:k}}(html4),html_sanitize=html.sanitize

// stop here if we're not in TiddlyWiki
// XXX: is this the correct way of checking for TiddlyWiki?
if (!window.TiddlyWiki || !window.store || !store instanceof TiddlyWiki) {
	return;
}

var tiddlyspace = config.extensions.tiddlyspace;

var _subWikify = Wikifier.prototype.subWikify;

var cleanedTitle = 'This section has been cleaned of any potentially harmful code';

var replaceFunctions = {
	html: function(w) {
		var sanitizedHTML, spanEl;
		this.lookaheadRegExp.lastIndex = w.matchStart;
		var lookaheadMatch = this.lookaheadRegExp.exec(w.source);
		if(lookaheadMatch && lookaheadMatch.index == w.matchStart) {
			sanitizedHTML = $.sanitize(lookaheadMatch[1]);
			spanEl = createTiddlyElement(w.output, 'span', null, 'sanitized');
			spanEl.innerHTML = sanitizedHTML;
			spanEl.setAttribute('title', cleanedTitle);
			w.nextMatch = this.lookaheadRegExp.lastIndex;
		}
	},
	customFormat: function(w) {
		switch(w.matchText) {
			case '@@':
				var e = createTiddlyElement(w.output, 'span');
				var styles = config.formatterHelpers.inlineCssHelper(w);
				if (styles.length === 0) {
					e.className = 'marked';
				}
				w.subWikifyTerm(e, /(@@)/mg);
				break;
			case '{{':
				var lookaheadRegExp = /\{\{[\s]*([\w]+[\s\w]*)[\s]*\{(\n?)/mg;
				lookaheadRegExp.lastIndex = w.matchStart;
				var lookaheadMatch = lookaheadRegExp.exec(w.source);
				if(lookaheadMatch) {
					w.nextMatch = lookaheadRegExp.lastIndex;
					e = createTiddlyElement(w.output,lookaheadMatch[2] == "\n" ? "div" : "span",null,lookaheadMatch[1]);
					w.subWikifyTerm(e,/(\}\}\})/mg);
				}
				break;
		}
	}
};

Wikifier.prototype.subWikify = function(output, terminator) {
	var tid = this.tiddler,
		spaceName = tiddlyspace.currentSpace.name,
		tidSpace, recipeName, stripped;
	try {
		recipeName = tid.fields['server.recipe'] ||
			tid.fields['server.workspace'];
		tidSpace = tiddlyspace.resolveSpaceName(recipeName);
		if (tidSpace !== spaceName) {
			// external tiddler, so replace dangerous formatters
			stripped = stripHTML(tid, this.formatter);
		}
	} catch(e) {
		// do nothing. There's no tiddler, so assume it's safe (?!?!?)
	}

	_subWikify.apply(this, arguments);

	if (stripped) {
		// change back to the original function
		unstripHTML(stripped, this.formatter);
	}
};

// replace potentially unsafe formatters with versions that strip bad HTML/CSS
var stripHTML = function(tid, formatter) {
	var popped = {}, _handler;
	for (var i = 0; i < formatter.formatters.length; i++) {
		var f = formatter.formatters[i];
		if (replaceFunctions[f.name]) {
			_handler = f.handler;
			popped[f.name] = _handler;
			f.handler = replaceFunctions[f.name];
		}
	};

	return popped;
};

// put the original formatters back where they belong
var unstripHTML = function(stripped, formatter) {
	for (var i = 0; i < formatter.formatters.length; i++) {
		var f = formatter.formatters[i];
		if (stripped[f.name]) {
			f.handler = stripped[f.name];
		}
	};
};

})(jQuery);
//}}}
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
[[Ruboto|http://ruboto.org/]] is a language in the Ruby/~JRuby family; the idea being to write in Ruby syntax - much less painful than Java - and then compile to Android
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	type="application/atom+xml" title="e-design's public feed" />
<link rel="canonical" href="http://e-design.tiddlyspace.com/" />
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Within this framework, I'm planning to use [[JQuery]] and [[JQTouch]]
See http://ofps.oreilly.com/titles/9781449383268/index.html
Or Google "Building Android Apps with HTML, CSS, and ~JavaScript"
Keller, J., Suzuki, K. 2004 Learner motivation and E-learning design: A multinationally validated process //Learning, Media and Technology// 29(3) pp.229 — 239

Documents the @@color:blue;font-weight:bold;A@@ttention, @@color:blue;font-weight:bold;R@@elevance, @@color:blue;font-weight:bold;C@@onfidence, @@color:blue;font-weight:bold;S@@atisfaction model.

This model is embedded in a 10-stage design process.
#Course information
#Audience information
#Analyse audience
#Analyse existing materials
#List objectives and assessments
#List potential tactics
#Select & design tactics
#Integrate with instructions
#Select and develop materials
#Evaluate & re-design

The author(s) claim this process & the ARCS model are widely validated. A variety of simplifications of the 10-stage process are discussed, recognising that the full process may be too expensive to implement in small scale contexts. One simplification was a provision of an extensive list of tactics (reducing the overhead of the list/design tactics steps) to teachers. Another was the use of "adaptationist" motivational tactics based on in-course surveys (demonstrated to be more effective than either minimalist or maximalist use of pre-determined motivational tactics). Another researcher in this area has made use of both formulaic and personalised motivational messages independent of the instructional design, with reported success.


iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAC0AAAAtCAYAAAA6GuKaAAAABGdBTUEAALGPC/xhBQAACkNpQ0NQSUNDIFByb2ZpbGUAAHgBnZZ3VFNZE8Dvey+90BJCkRJ6DU1KAJESepFeRSUkAUIJGBKwV0QFVxQVaYoiiyIuuLoUWSuiWFgUFLAvyCKgrIuriIplX/QcZf/Y/b6z88ec35s7c+/cmbnnPAAovoFCUSasAECGSCIO8/FgxsTGMfHdAAZEgAPWAHB52VlB4d4RABU/Lw4zG3WSsUygz/p1/xe4xfINYTI/m/5/pcjLEkvQnULQkLl8QTYP5TyU03MlWTL7JMr0xDQZwxgZi9EEUVaVcfIXNv/s84XdZMzPEPFRH1nOWfwMvow7UN6SIxWgjASinJ8jFOSifBtl/XRphhDlNyjTMwTcbAAwFJldIuCloGyFMkUcEcZBeR4ABEryLE6cxRLBMjRPADiZWcvFwuQUCdOYZ8K0dnRkM30FuekCiYQVwuWlccV8JiczI4srWg7AlzvLooCSrLZMtMj21o729iwbC7T8X+VfF796/TvIevvF42Xo555BjK5vtm+x32yZ1QCwp9Da7PhmSywDoGUTAKr3vtn0DwAgnwdA841Z92HI5iVFIslysrTMzc21EAp4FrKCfpX/6fDV859h1nkWsvO+1o7pKUjiStMlTFlReZnpmVIxMzuLyxMwWX8bYnTr/xw4K61ZeZiHCZIEYoEIPSoKnTKhKBltt4gvlAgzRUyh6J86/B/DZuUgwy9zjQKt5iOgL7EACjfoAPm9C2BoZIDE70dXoK99CyRGAdnLi9Ye/TL3KKPrn/XfFFyEfsLZwmSmzMwJi2DypOIcGaNvQqawgATkAR2oAS2gB4wBC9gAB+AM3IAX8AfBIALEgsWAB1JABhCDXLAKrAf5oBDsAHtAOagCNaAONIAToAWcBhfAZXAd3AR94D4YBCPgGZgEr8EMBEF4iArRIDVIGzKAzCAbiA3Nh7ygQCgMioUSoGRIBEmhVdBGqBAqhsqhg1Ad9CN0CroAXYV6oLvQEDQO/Qm9gxGYAtNhTdgQtoTZsDscAEfAi+BkeCm8As6Dt8OlcDV8DG6GL8DX4T54EH4GTyEAISMMRAdhIWyEgwQjcUgSIkbWIAVICVKNNCBtSCdyCxlEJpC3GByGhmFiWBhnjC8mEsPDLMWswWzDlGOOYJoxHZhbmCHMJOYjlorVwJphnbB+2BhsMjYXm48twdZim7CXsH3YEexrHA7HwBnhHHC+uFhcKm4lbhtuH64Rdx7XgxvGTeHxeDW8Gd4FH4zn4iX4fHwZ/hj+HL4XP4J/QyATtAk2BG9CHEFE2EAoIRwlnCX0EkYJM0QFogHRiRhM5BOXE4uINcQ24g3iCHGGpEgyIrmQIkippPWkUlID6RLpAeklmUzWJTuSQ8lC8jpyKfk4+Qp5iPyWokQxpXAo8RQpZTvlMOU85S7lJZVKNaS6UeOoEup2ah31IvUR9Y0cTc5Czk+OL7dWrkKuWa5X7rk8Ud5A3l1+sfwK+RL5k/I35CcUiAqGChwFrsIahQqFUwoDClOKNEVrxWDFDMVtikcVryqOKeGVDJW8lPhKeUqHlC4qDdMQmh6NQ+PRNtJqaJdoI3Qc3YjuR0+lF9J/oHfTJ5WVlG2Vo5SXKVcon1EeZCAMQ4YfI51RxDjB6Ge8U9FUcVcRqGxVaVDpVZlWnaPqpipQLVBtVO1TfafGVPNSS1Pbqdai9lAdo26qHqqeq75f/ZL6xBz6HOc5vDkFc07MuacBa5hqhGms1Dik0aUxpaml6aOZpVmmeVFzQouh5aaVqrVb66zWuDZNe762UHu39jntp0xlpjsznVnK7GBO6mjo+OpIdQ7qdOvM6BrpRupu0G3UfahH0mPrJent1mvXm9TX1g/SX6Vfr3/PgGjANkgx2GvQaTBtaGQYbbjZsMVwzEjVyM9ohVG90QNjqrGr8VLjauPbJjgTtkmayT6Tm6awqZ1pimmF6Q0z2MzeTGi2z6zHHGvuaC4yrzYfYFFY7qwcVj1ryIJhEWixwaLF4rmlvmWc5U7LTsuPVnZW6VY1Vvetlaz9rTdYt1n/aWNqw7OpsLk9lzrXe+7aua1zX9ia2Qps99vesaPZBdlttmu3+2DvYC+2b7Afd9B3SHCodBhg09kh7G3sK45YRw/HtY6nHd862TtJnE44/eHMck5zPuo8Ns9onmBezbxhF10XrstBl8H5zPkJ8w/MH3TVceW6Vrs+dtNz47vVuo26m7inuh9zf+5h5SH2aPKY5jhxVnPOeyKePp4Fnt1eSl6RXuVej7x1vZO9670nfex8Vvqc98X6Bvju9B3w0/Tj+dX5Tfo7+K/27wigBIQHlAc8DjQNFAe2BcFB/kG7gh4sMFggWtASDIL9gncFPwwxClka8nMoLjQktCL0SZh12KqwznBa+JLwo+GvIzwiiiLuRxpHSiPbo+Sj4qPqoqajPaOLowdjLGNWx1yPVY8VxrbG4eOi4mrjphZ6LdyzcCTeLj4/vn+R0aJli64uVl+cvvjMEvkl3CUnE7AJ0QlHE95zg7nV3KlEv8TKxEkeh7eX94zvxt/NHxe4CIoFo0kuScVJY8kuybuSx1NcU0pSJoQcYbnwRapvalXqdFpw2uG0T+nR6Y0ZhIyEjFMiJVGaqCNTK3NZZk+WWVZ+1uBSp6V7lk6KA8S12VD2ouxWCR39meqSGks3SYdy5udU5LzJjco9uUxxmWhZ13LT5VuXj67wXvH9SsxK3sr2VTqr1q8aWu2++uAaaE3imva1emvz1o6s81l3ZD1pfdr6XzZYbSje8Gpj9Ma2PM28dXnDm3w21efL5YvzBzY7b67agtki3NK9de7Wsq0fC/gF1wqtCksK32/jbbv2nfV3pd992p60vbvIvmj/DtwO0Y7+na47jxQrFq8oHt4VtKt5N3N3we5Xe5bsuVpiW1K1l7RXunewNLC0tUy/bEfZ+/KU8r4Kj4rGSo3KrZXT+/j7eve77W+o0qwqrHp3QHjgzkGfg83VhtUlh3CHcg49qYmq6fye/X1drXptYe2Hw6LDg0fCjnTUOdTVHdU4WlQP10vrx4/FH7v5g+cPrQ2shoONjMbC4+C49PjTHxN+7D8RcKL9JPtkw08GP1U20ZoKmqHm5c2TLSktg62xrT2n/E+1tzm3Nf1s8fPh0zqnK84onyk6Szqbd/bTuRXnps5nnZ+4kHxhuH1J+/2LMRdvd4R2dF8KuHTlsvfli53uneeuuFw5fdXp6qlr7Gst1+2vN3fZdTX9YvdLU7d9d/MNhxutNx1vtvXM6znb69p74Zbnrcu3/W5f71vQ19Mf2X9nIH5g8A7/ztjd9Lsv7uXcm7m/7gH2QcFDhYcljzQeVf9q8mvjoP3gmSHPoa7H4Y/vD/OGn/2W/dv7kbwn1Cclo9qjdWM2Y6fHvcdvPl34dORZ1rOZifzfFX+vfG78/Kc/3P7omoyZHHkhfvHpz20v1V4efmX7qn0qZOrR64zXM9MFb9TeHHnLftv5Lvrd6Ezue/z70g8mH9o+Bnx88Cnj06e/AAOb8/zszueKAAAACXBIWXMAAA7EAAAOxAGVKw4bAAAIeUlEQVRYCe1Zb2xb1RU/9/k9O26TJqVpSByn+UNC3JZuQMukaWirBR9BGtJAIAqlEkgg+ABCsLVFWhAU0DRp8IlNYkIskSYhPvKBDxRvKIwVSin9Q9MmTRziJG7aQtrYcWw/v7tzrn1v3nOe/eIC+cKOZN97zz3n3J/vO+/cc48B/k9rswPs+y5z8B+xXZxZd6GdfuDsZmDQhf06m91L2E9wYMMA1iQ3tfde2xeN2+Zr7l4T6IG3Y01Z3XqUAduLK0bwo9e48jD+wL/7O2BoIBo1a9TFfamBBt6N1edz8HvO+dOoVu9QZYw3bWiAYF2A+f0B0A0f5HJ5sKwCLKQWIZ1ehEKh4FQBSALnLxod2lu1gF816BcGY7stxt8GLh6/WFzXdau1pVlrb2uFhoZ68Pl8DlD2Af5QmJ+/ComZGZi9cBGxcjWNID7IM/bYn/ZEE4pZpbMq0PuHDv+BcfYS2hFuQGB7ezq1jvYQaJpWxbz7VDabg6npGRiPf6PAI5Aks9hDL++Nfuiutcz1BH1gKPYmWn5cqoTbQ1akr0ertqtS1qtdSKXg5Omz6D4pJcoZu/fVPdH3FMOlUxW0HTDTNL5jW4S1Xb/Zxcy1s8hNRs9PwMTklDRiIvB7EPj7klHeVgR9YPDwAAD7IymQO+z8+U1aU1Njuf4PNp6cSsDIufPSXgqjyy9feTh6SjLsrSvoYuzln6Kg7tN81q5bdvyogCWgsfE4nJ+YLA45jPjr2G0D90WXfackuOItorDGgQ8SYJLZvq1/TQDTWr09XaDcj0Ekm4VXiV9OK0Bnc9ZTGL3pwICOcGjZSLnmjzTe2t8HgYBfWGfAn6KnXr6U4ySjXc5l+ZMk5DN03t/b4+o+5UbEuGCBPpkEfWoOtMtXgeHBAj4NrOs2gBneDGZPCLjhWM7VjGEYELmxD746ebo0b9F7dbdd2AHq4NDhpzlnfyGBvt5u6OncYpet2DfOTELgszNFoBWkuN+A7G0RyG/rqiDhZB/54jgeRleIidvBIq89FB2TEg73QMAP0gQGYd4ZbpcylVuLQ/DwF1A3fMIBWNN9YAT9QK0k2vm6T06i/FEBQ/IrtX3dXXLKpzF4Vg6oVTv9/FAsrHM+gTw9HGqF7Vv77XKufQKsj8+IOcYYNIY2QRO6grG+DmhMlF/Mwvz0JZhHt5FHt9nTBpnoTtwdtbyQLf/65MhRSKXSxL7sD7AuGUnUThvc+i1OCqcLtbaW668Yk0vYAYdv6YWWyBbw1wcVYFIy1gVgc187hHfeCKyUm+jjs2CMTK6wWc5obVEH2SY8+XfLeQXa4toNxKTjubGxQc67t+hl5MNEtKPhW/sguLG6TrBxPdAP00q7G/h8xOFSbguFWq9XbI3Db+RAgcbM8nZirgsGPZMgfWJGLdjY3gzBJmeWKo2XtwS8Mdwi2OTj+sRsuYhjHAzW0WkseBZwFfoUaJzpotmG+nXUVCUdfVRSE4KuhezyeuKip2pDw3ohg94flsJ20GL1QCAg5yq2FIeJRJTAl64WIh+XUUX7tminmv463O0SdciOHbTgaXggeJE4OFDIh7cTGSW8dOzzpCcI3w0v8hvF0xHl1G6uQGitwhAdFESFfEGFMcFY5RfpCVrFBrltoh30EhnKYpbiRdamDULEMguQTws1LxU1T3Gb9IjoiPcit01cBs0hTgbSGW8Qpu3lo4OjFrLLU07iRTm8SZdoXnYUaAy3cWIuLKTwBl3d18xuTH5KLnIFQWfmU9Je1TZzJQ1XEnNChvTN7raq8jRJN/kSxWVHgcY3CpMCfGQIOL2oBKWcs0VfzP5iq+DR0Zw4NuoJnAAnvhxD+1zoUfIkf7jT+PKIbFPpgahY7CnOKdCsAP8usgAuzHk/8vzWTpFuCoMl4HNnpyCXdr4T+UwOLo5Ow/Sxc8BLdQ/KPfKRTrlcxfbq1QVbrcRS575KcHULhvMaJHEfWmeTc+IWUdFaaSITvRWCuAeUS9CuzONhQR+KwxTWKErIl07aIsBLv77ZM1ki+SmskUjCi7UqLaidHtgXXeKMf0BCi5kMXLr8nZSv3GIekbljFyz9aofjUYuogjtsB0yuQHKU3a3mMmCaJj7xy3Lt4688GD0uB2qnBYNpb+CWPUL9sYk4NG/aKNheX5TY5/u3YC4xA8bURWDfLRRzE3lzCTWDecPyy+tlj+anZ5NAwIkwL3pHdEpfeKQ7af/gRzFk7ibuz27atuZ3RFqXwH78n88gn8crG8C832Td6AkrQx7NEmmcPYeN+Ilnzo7iYaPipJhfi6/R83EJGLAc91c7YFpf+bQEc+jh6FEs4b5OY/qlI+dG5dSatHOXvhV1vtJiY0YdHCpfeAVoEjDCsB+bU9RPYvijIspaENX0Tpz6WuUzuMv75BXLvr4raFEr5uwBFBQBm6o+tlqbXf8H69PN+/NjJ1RcxuzxZXzqw24LuIImQaqjaZYALs7oc2PjQB95OXUzdq08qlcfPX5S+TGef0NGO7xYyd6K6FEuuH8o9jvG+T+RL8JjQ3097Njejzec+nLRmsf0z8DpM2dFkX1Zmb/lD2tPVPtnwBM0GXvhndidlob/ApSuPJT4d20JAxXV6R5XK9HTmp69gO/KhCM6YTx+5tCeO0QQqGZzVaDJANVFDMt6E2vHdymDuEpbSzMLtbXBdRsbPS/EVMNIzCTx5Z5zghX/vbB7K/mwWq/UWTVoqXhgMPYoBs+D9v9eaI6qUuuDQUYXY7pn0o2DEnjKh9OLS0DJj0vKa2KE+DOFNbcoIdcsb2sGTQYGYjE9Nw33Y0l4L+NwZ7lRrzEumsTDeQjvL3+z1+i89OT8NYGWytQKt8HqFBV70FtuR1YXfsTNHluiJXwqcbpk4I88ooH2L92E/1KCVpz+iXz/D36BLy8VVzwEAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC
/***
|''Name''|BinaryTiddlersPlugin|
|''Description''|renders base64-encoded binary tiddlers as images or links|
|''Author''|FND|
|''Version''|0.3.2|
|''Status''|@@beta@@|
|''Source''|http://svn.tiddlywiki.org/Trunk/association/plugins/BinaryTiddlersPlugin.js|
|''License''|[[BSD|http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php]]|
|''CoreVersion''|2.5|
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

"use strict";

var ctfield = "server.content-type";

var plugin = config.extensions.BinaryTiddlersPlugin = {
	isWikiText: function(tiddler) {
		var ctype = tiddler.fields[ctfield];
		if(ctype) {
			if (ctype === 'text/x-tiddlywiki') {
				return true;
			}
			return !this.isBinary(tiddler) && !this.isTextual(ctype);
		} else {
			return true;
		}
	},
	// NB: pseudo-binaries are considered non-binary here
	isBinary: function(tiddler) {
		var ctype = tiddler.fields[ctfield];
		return ctype ? !this.isTextual(ctype) : false;
	},
	isTextual: function(ctype) {
		return ctype.indexOf("text/") === 0
			|| this.endsWith(ctype, "+xml")
			|| ctype === 'application/json'
			|| ctype === 'application/javascript';
	},
	endsWith: function(str, suffix) {
		return str.length >= suffix.length &&
			str.substr(str.length - suffix.length) === suffix;
	},
	isLink: function(tiddler) {
		return this.isBinary(tiddler) && tiddler.text.indexOf("<html>") !== -1;
	}
};

// Disable edit for linked tiddlers (for now)
// This will be changed to a GET then PUT
config.commands.editTiddler.isEnabled = function(tiddler) {
    var existingTest = config.commands.editTiddler.isEnabled;
    if (existingTest) {
        return existingTest && !plugin.isLink(tiddler);
    } else {
        return !plugin.isLink(tiddler);
    }
};

// hijack text viewer to add special handling for binary tiddlers
var _view = config.macros.view.views.wikified;
config.macros.view.views.wikified = function(value, place, params, wikifier,
		paramString, tiddler) {
	var ctype = tiddler.fields["server.content-type"];
	if(params[0] === "text" && ctype && ctype !== 'text/x-tiddlywiki' &&
			!tiddler.tags.contains("systemConfig") && !plugin.isLink(tiddler)) {
		var el;
		if(plugin.isBinary(tiddler)) {
			var uri = "data:%0;base64,%1".format([ctype, tiddler.text]); // TODO: fallback for legacy browsers
			if(ctype.indexOf("image/") === 0) {
				el = $("<img />").attr("alt", tiddler.title).attr("src", uri);
			} else {
				el = $("<a />").attr("href", uri).text(tiddler.title);
			}
		} else {
			el = $("<pre />").text(tiddler.text);
		}
		el.appendTo(place);
	} else {
		_view.apply(this, arguments);
	}
};

// hijack edit macro to disable editing of binary tiddlers' body
var _editHandler = config.macros.edit.handler;
config.macros.edit.handler = function(place, macroName, params, wikifier,
		paramString, tiddler) {
	if(params[0] === "text" && plugin.isBinary(tiddler)) {
		return false;
	} else {
		_editHandler.apply(this, arguments);
	}
};

// hijack autoLinkWikiWords to ignore binary tiddlers
var _autoLink = Tiddler.prototype.autoLinkWikiWords;
Tiddler.prototype.autoLinkWikiWords = function() {
	return plugin.isWikiText(this) ? _autoLink.apply(this, arguments) : false;
};

}(jQuery));
//}}}
/***
|''Name''|ImageMacroPlugin|
|''Version''|0.9.4|
|''Description''|Allows the rendering of svg images in a TiddlyWiki|
|''Author''|Osmosoft|
|''License''|[[BSD|http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php]]|
|''Notes''|Currently only works in modern browsers (not IE)|
|''Requires''|BinaryTiddlersPlugin|
!Usage
{{{<<image SVG>>}}} will render the text of the tiddler with title SVG as an SVG image (but not in ie where it will fail silently)
!!Parameters
width/height: specify width/height parameters
link: make the image link to a given location
tiddlyLink: link to a tiddler

!Notes
Binary tiddlers in TiddlyWeb when passed through the wikifier will be shown as images.
eg. {{{<<view text wikified>>}}} on a binary tiddler will show the image.
{{{<<view fieldname image>>}}}
will render the value of the tiddler field 'fieldname' as an image. This field can contain a tid
{{{<<image SiteIcon>>}}}
will create an image tag where the tiddler has content type beginning image and not ending +xml
will attempt to create svg object in other scenarios
{{{<<image /photos/x.jpg>>}}}
will create an image tag with src /photos/x.jpg as long as there is not a tiddler called /photos/x.jpg in 
which case it will render that tiddler as an image. Note for the case of svg files it will attempt to render as an svg if possible via the image
tag. It doesn't embed the svg in the dom for security reasons as svg code can contain javascript.
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

var macro = config.macros.image = {
	shim: "/bags/common/tiddlers/shim",
	ieVersion: config.browser.isIE ? parseInt(config.browser.ieVersion[1], 10) : false,
	svgns: "http://www.w3.org/2000/svg",
	xlinkns: "http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink", 
	svgAvailable: document.implementation.hasFeature("http://www.w3.org/TR/SVG11/feature#BasicStructure", "1.1"),
	_fixPrefix: 1,
	_external_cache: {},
	_image_tag_cache: {},
	_image_dimensions: {},
	locale: {
		badImage: "This image cannot be displayed."
	},
	handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler){
		var imageSource = params[0];
		// collect named arguments
		var args = macro.getArguments(paramString, params);
		this.renderImage(place, imageSource, args);
	},
	init: function() {
		var startupImages = store.getTaggedTiddlers("systemImage");
		var place = $("<div />").attr("id", "systemImageArea").appendTo("body").hide()[0];
		for(var i = 0; i < startupImages.length; i++) {
			var image = startupImages[i];
			macro.renderImage(place, image.title, { idPrefix: "" });
		}
		var data = new Image();
		data.onload = function() {
			// note ie 8 only supports data uris up to 32k so cannot be relied on
			macro.supportsDataUris = this.width != 1 || this.height != 1 ? false : true;
			macro.supportsDataUris = macro.ieVersion && macro.ieVersion < 9 ? false : macro.supportsDataUris;
		};
		data.onerror = data.onload;
		data.src = "data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///ywAAAAAAQABAAACAUwAOw==";
	},
	refreshImage: function(src) {
		var elements = macro._image_tag_cache[src] ? macro._image_tag_cache[src] : [];
		if(macro._image_dimensions[src]) {
			macro._image_dimensions[src] = false;
		}
		for(var i = 0; i < elements.length; i++) {
			var el = $(elements[i]);
			var newSrc = "%0?nocache=%1".format(src, Math.random());
			el.attr("src", newSrc); // force reload
		}
	},
	isBinaryImageType: function(contentType) {
		return (contentType && contentType.indexOf("image") === 0 &&
			contentType.indexOf("+xml") != contentType.length - 4) ? true : false;
	},
	isImageTiddler: function(tiddler) {
		return macro.isSVGTiddler(tiddler) || macro.isBinaryImageTiddler(tiddler);
	},
	isSVGTiddler: function(tiddler) {
		var type = tiddler ? tiddler.fields['server.content-type'] : false;
		return type == "image/svg+xml";
	},
	isBinaryImageTiddler: function(tiddler) {
		return macro.isBinaryImageType(tiddler.fields['server.content-type']);
	},
	renderImage: function(place, imageSource, options) {
		var imageTiddler = store.getTiddler(imageSource);
		var container;
		var classes = ["image"];
		if(options.link) {
			classes = classes.concat(["imageLink", "externalLink"]);
			container = $("<a />").attr("href", options.link).appendTo(place)[0];
		} else if(options.tiddlyLink) {
			classes.push("imageLink");
			container = createTiddlyLink(place, options.tiddlyLink, false);
		} else {
			container = $("<span />").appendTo(place)[0];
		}
		$(container).addClass(classes.join(" "));

		options = options ? options : {};
		if(imageTiddler && macro.isBinaryImageTiddler(imageTiddler)) { // handle the case where we have an image url
			return macro._renderBinaryImageTiddler(container, imageTiddler, options);
		} else if(imageTiddler){ // handle the case where we have a tiddler
			return macro._renderSVGTiddler(container, imageTiddler, options);
		} else { // we have a string representing a url
			return macro._renderBinaryImageUrl(container, imageSource, options);
		}
	},
	_renderAlternateText: function(container, options) {
		var img;
		var src = options.src || "";
		if(options.width && options.height) {
			img = $("<img />").attr("src", src).addClass("svgImageText").attr("width", options.width).
				attr("height", options.height).appendTo(container);
		}
		var alt = options.alt;
		if(img && alt) {
			img.attr("alt", alt).attr("title", alt);
		} else if(alt) {
			$(container).addClass("svgImageText").text(alt);
		}
		macro._image_tag_cache[src] = img;
	},
	_renderSVGTiddler: function(place, tiddler, options) {
		if(!options) {
			options = {};
		}
		merge(options, { tiddler: tiddler, fix: true});

		if(macro.svgAvailable) {
			this._importSVG(place, options); // display the svg
		} else if(options.altImage) {
			var image = options.altImage;
			delete options.altImage;
			this._renderBinaryImageUrl(place, image, options);
		} else {
			this._renderAlternateText(place, options); // instead of showing the image show the alternate text.
		}
	},
	_renderBinaryImageTiddler: function(place, tiddler, options) {
		var resourceURI;
		var fields = tiddler.fields;
		if(fields["server.type"] == "tiddlyweb") { // construct an accurate url for the resource
			resourceURI = "%0/%1/tiddlers/%2".format(config.defaultCustomFields["server.host"],
				fields["server.workspace"], encodeURI(fields["server.title"]));
		} else { // guess the url for the resource
			resourceURI = tiddler.title;
		}
		var ctype = fields["server.content-type"] || tiddler.type;
		var text = tiddler.text;
		if(macro.supportsDataUris && ctype && text.indexOf("<html") == -1) {
			var uri = "data:%0;base64,%1".format(ctype, text);
			options.src = resourceURI;
			return macro._renderBinaryImageUrl(place, uri, options);
		} else if(options.src) {
			return macro._renderBinaryImageUrl(place, options.src, options);
		} else {
			return macro._renderBinaryImageUrl(place, resourceURI, options);
		}
	},
	_renderImageTag: function(container, src, width, height, options) {
		var img;
		img = $("<img />").appendTo(container);
		if(height) {
			img.attr("height", height);
		}
		if(width) {
			img.attr("width", width);
		}
		if(macro.ieVersion && macro.ieVersion < 7 && macro.shim && options.ie6png) {
			$(img).css({width: userW, height: userH,
					filter: "progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.AlphaImageLoader(src='%0', sizingMethod='scale')".format(src)
				}).attr("src", macro.shim);
		} else {
			img.attr("src", src);
		}
		if(!macro._image_tag_cache[options.srcUrl]) {
			macro._image_tag_cache[options.srcUrl] = [];
		}
		img = $(img).addClass(options.imageClass)[0];
		macro._image_tag_cache[options.srcUrl].push(img);
		return img;
	},
	_getDimensions: function(realDimensions, reqDimensions, preserve) {
		var w = realDimensions.width;
		var h = realDimensions.height;
		var reqh = reqDimensions.height;
		var reqw = reqDimensions.width;
		var finalw = w, finalh = h;
		var ratiow = reqw / w, ratioh = reqh / h;
		var scaledw = ratioh * w;
		var scaledh = ratiow * h;
		if(!reqw && reqh) {
			finalw = scaledw;
			finalh = reqh;
		} else if(reqw && !reqh) {
			finalw = reqw;
			finalh = scaledh;
		} else if(reqh && reqw) {
			var preserveWidth = w > h ? true : false;
			if(preserve) {
				if(preserveWidth && scaledh < reqh) {
					finalh = scaledh;
					finalw = reqw;
				} else {
					finalh = reqh;
					finalw = scaledw;
				}
			} else {
				finalw = reqw;
				finalh = reqh;
			}
		}
		return { width: parseInt(finalw, 10), height: parseInt(finalh, 10) };
	},
	_renderBinaryImageUrl: function(container, src, options) {
		var srcUrl = options.src ? options.src : src;
		srcUrl = srcUrl.indexOf("/") === -1 ? "/%0".format(srcUrl) : srcUrl; // for IE. 
		var image_dimensions = macro._image_dimensions[srcUrl];
		var image = new Image(); // due to weird scaling issues where you use just a width or just a height
		var createImageTag = function(dimensions, error) {
			if(error) {
				var altImage = options.altImage;
				if(altImage) {
					delete options.altImage;
					macro._renderBinaryImageUrl(container, altImage, options);
				} else {
					options.src = src;
					macro._renderAlternateText(container, options);
				}
			} else {
				var dim = macro._getDimensions(dimensions, { 
					width: options.width, height: options.height }, options.preserveAspectRatio);
				options.srcUrl = srcUrl;
				macro._renderImageTag(container, src, dim.width, dim.height, options);
			}
		};

		if(!image_dimensions) {
			image.onload = function() {
				var dimensions = { width: image.width, height: image.height};
				macro._image_dimensions[srcUrl] = dimensions;
				createImageTag(dimensions);
			};
			image.onerror = function() {
				createImageTag(null, true);
			};
			image.src = src;
		} else {
			createImageTag(image_dimensions);
		}
	},
	_generateIdPrefix: function(){
		return "twsvgfix_" + (this._fixPrefix++).toString() + "_";
	},
	_fixSVG: function(childNodes, idPrefix) {
		var urlPattern = /url\(\#([^\)]*)\)*/ig;
		var fixes = [
		{ attr: "id", pattern: /^(.*)$/ig },
		{ attr: "href", namespace: macro.xlinkns, pattern: /^#(.*)$/ig }
		];
		var url_fixes = ["filter", "fill", "mask", "stroke", "style"];
		for(var i = 0; i < url_fixes.length; i++) {
			fixes.push({ attr: url_fixes[i], pattern: urlPattern });
		}
		for(var t = 0; t < childNodes.length; t++) {
			var node = childNodes[t];
			for(var a = 0; a < fixes.length; a++) {
				var fix = fixes[a];
				var attr = fix.attr;
				var ns = fix.namespace || "";
				if(node.hasAttributeNS && node.hasAttributeNS(ns, attr)) {
					var v = node.getAttributeNS(ns, attr);
					fix.pattern.lastIndex = 0;
					var match = fix.pattern.exec(v);
					if(match) {
						// Make sure replacement string doesn't contain any single dollar signs
						var toReplace = match[1];
						if(toReplace.indexOf(idPrefix) !== 0 && toReplace.indexOf("twglobal_") !== 0) {
							var replacement = (idPrefix + toReplace).replace("$", "$$$$"); 
							v = v.replace(match[1], replacement);
						}
						node.setAttributeNS(ns, attr,v);
					}
				}
			}
			var children = node.childNodes;
			if(children.length > 0) {
				this._fixSVG(children, idPrefix);
			}
		}
	},
	_importSVG: function(place, options){
		options = options ? options : {};
		var svgDoc, tiddlerText = options.tiddler.text;
		if (window.DOMParser) {
			svgDoc = new DOMParser().parseFromString(tiddlerText, "application/xml").documentElement;
			var idPrefix = options.idPrefix || this._generateIdPrefix();
			this._fixSVG([svgDoc], idPrefix);
			var el = document.importNode(svgDoc, true);
			var svgHolder = document.createElementNS(macro.svgns,"svg");
			var width = options.width;
			var height = options.height;
			if(width || height) {
				if(width && height) { // set view box of containing svg element based on the svg viewbox and width and height.
					var viewBox = el.getAttribute("viewBox");
					var topLeft = "0 0";
					if(viewBox) {
						topLeft = viewBox.replace(/([0-9]*) +([0-9]*) +([0-9]*) +([0-9]*) */gi,"$1 $2");
					}
					svgHolder.setAttributeNS(macro.svgns, "viewBox", "0 0 %0 %1".format(width, height));
				} else {
					if(!width) {
						width = el.getAttribute("width");
					}
					if(!height) {
						height = el.getAttribute("height");
					}
				}
				svgHolder.setAttribute("width", width);
				svgHolder.setAttribute("height", height);

				el.setAttribute("width", "100%");
				el.setAttribute("height", "100%");
				svgHolder.setAttribute("class", "svgImage svgIcon %0".format(options.imageClass || ""));
				svgHolder.appendChild(el);
				place.appendChild(svgHolder);
			}
			else {
				var existing = el.className ? el.className.baseVal : "";
				el.setAttribute("class","svgImage %0".format(existing));
				place.appendChild(el);
			}
			// if a tiddler attribute is set this is read as a link
			$("[tiddler], [tiddlyLink]", place).attr("refresh", "link").click(function(ev) {
				var tiddler = $(ev.target).attr("tiddlyLink");
				if(tiddler) {
					story.displayTiddler(ev.target, tiddler);
				}
			});
		}
	},
	getArguments: function(paramString, params) {
		var args = paramString.parseParams("name", null, true, false, true)[0];
		var options = {};
		for(var id in args) {
			if(true) {
				var p = args[id];
				if(id == "def") {
					options[id] = p;
				} else {
					options[id] = p[0];
				}
			}
		}
		var width = isNaN(params[1]) ? false : parseInt(params[1], 10);
		var height = isNaN(params[2]) ? false : parseInt(params[2], 10);

		options.width = macro.lookupArgument(options, "width", width);
		options.height = macro.lookupArgument(options, "height", height);
		options.preserveAspectRatio = args.preserveAspectRatio && 
			args.preserveAspectRatio[0] == "yes" ? true : false;
		options.tiddlyLink = macro.lookupArgument(options, "tiddlyLink", false);
		options.link = macro.lookupArgument(options, "link", false);
		return options;
	},
	lookupArgument: function(args, id, ifEmpty) {
		return args[id] ? args[id] : ifEmpty;
	}
};

// update views
var _oldwikifiedview = config.macros.view.views.wikified;
// update wikifier to check tiddler type before rendering
merge(config.macros.view.views, {
	wikified: function(value, place, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
		if(macro.isImageTiddler(tiddler) && params[0] == "text") {
			var newplace = $("<div />").addClass("wikifiedImage").appendTo(place)[0];
			macro.renderImage(newplace, tiddler.title, { alt: macro.locale.badImage });
		} else {
			_oldwikifiedview.apply(this, arguments);
		}
	},
	image: function(value, place, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
		// a field can point to another tiddler whereas text is the current tiddler.
		var title = params[0] == "text" ? tiddler.title : value;
		var args = macro.getArguments(paramString, params);
		macro.renderImage(place, title, args);
	}
});
config.shadowTiddlers.StyleSheetImageMacro = [".wikifiedImage svg, .wikifiedImage .image { width: 80%; }",
	".svgImageText { background-color:[[ColorPalette::Error]]; color:#ddd; display: inline-block; }",
	"span.svgImageText { display: inline-block; overflow: hidden; }"
].join("");
store.addNotification("StyleSheetImageMacro", refreshStyles);

})(jQuery);
//}}}
Dillenbourg, P., Ott, D., Wehrle, T., Bourquin, Y., Jermann, P., Corti, D. & Salo, P. (2002). The socio-cognitive functions of community mirrors. In F. Flückiger, C. Jutz, P. Schulz and L. Cantoni (Eds). Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on New Educational Environments. Lugano, May 8-11, 2002.

not online?
/*{{{*/
Background: #dcf8e6
Foreground: #062210
PrimaryPale: #ffffff
PrimaryLight: #7ee6a4
PrimaryMid: #20ab53
PrimaryDark: #082a14
SecondaryPale: #ffffff
SecondaryLight: #e68a7e
SecondaryMid: #ab3020
SecondaryDark: #2a0c08
TertiaryPale: #ffffff
TertiaryLight: #be7ee6
TertiaryMid: #7620ab
TertiaryDark: #1d082a
Error: #f88
ColorPaletteParameters: HSL([142|45], [0.6778454165789246],[0.1|0.4|0.7|1])
/*}}}*/
Unless you're delighted with the default theme you can make some quick changes by generating a new random color palette, hit this button to cycle through some alternatives.

<<RandomColorPaletteButton saturation_pale:0.67 saturation_light:0.53
saturation_mid:0.43 saturation_dark:0.06 pale:0.99 light:0.85 mid:0.5 dark:0.31>>

You can also change the look and feel completely by installing a new theme. To do this, find one you like in the @themes space, note down the name, and include it in this space by going to the space menu. You can reach the space menu by clicking on the blue and pink circle at the top-right of the page and chooshing "THIS SPACE". Here are a few to check out:
* @pip
* @caspian-ii
* @basalt
* @simplicity
* @cheesecake
* @jelly-doughnut

(//Note that if you are using a custom TiddlySpace install, these themes may not be present.//)
This script type allocates a subset of the total required information to each student, so that each student must collaborate with the others to get the full picture. See [[Aaronson et. al. 1978]] (appears to be seminal); [[Hoppe 1999]]; [[Hermann, Rummel & Spada 2001]]

Multiple implementations possible.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
<!-- Created with Inkscape (http://www.inkscape.org/) -->

<svg
   xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
   xmlns:cc="http://creativecommons.org/ns#"
   xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
   xmlns:svg="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
   xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
   xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"
   version="1.1"
   width="14pt"
   height="14pt"
   viewBox="918 510 14 14"
   id="svg3070">
  <metadata
     id="metadata3089">
    <rdf:RDF>
      <cc:Work
         rdf:about="">
        <dc:format>image/svg+xml</dc:format>
        <dc:type
           rdf:resource="http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/StillImage" />
        <dc:title></dc:title>
      </cc:Work>
    </rdf:RDF>
  </metadata>
  <defs
     id="defs3072">
    <radialGradient
       cx="0"
       cy="0"
       r="1"
       id="Gradient"
       gradientUnits="userSpaceOnUse">
      <stop
         id="stop3075"
         style="stop-color:#ffffff;stop-opacity:1"
         offset="0" />
      <stop
         id="stop3077"
         style="stop-color:#2b2b2b;stop-opacity:1"
         offset="1" />
    </radialGradient>
    <radialGradient
       id="Obj_Gradient"
       xlink:href="#Gradient"
       gradientTransform="matrix(11.473944,0,0,11.473944,922.3752,513.7837)" />
  </defs>
  <g
     id="g3080"
     style="fill:none;stroke:none">
    <g
       id="g3082">
      <path
         d="m 929.6952,512.9018 c -2.5384,-2.53843 -6.654,-2.53843 -9.1924,0 -2.5384,2.5384 -2.5384,6.654 0,9.19238 2.5384,2.53839 6.654,2.53839 9.1924,0 2.5384,-2.53838 2.5384,-6.65398 0,-9.19238 m -4.5962,2.8407 2.07733,-2.07734 1.75547,1.75549 -2.0773,2.07735 2.0773,2.07732 -1.75547,1.75548 -2.07733,-2.07732 -2.07733,2.07732 -1.75547,-1.75548 2.0773,-2.07732 -2.0773,-2.07735 1.75547,-1.75549 z"
         id="path3084"
         style="fill:url(#Obj_Gradient)" />
      <path
         d="m 927.61447,515.38354 a 4.51205,4.2590378 0 1 1 -9.0241,0 4.51205,4.2590378 0 1 1 9.0241,0 z"
         transform="matrix(1.0218069,0,0,1.0462046,-18.063694,-21.648443)"
         id="path2394"
         style="fill:#000000;fill-opacity:0;fill-rule:evenodd;stroke:none;stroke-width:5;marker:none;visibility:visible;display:inline;overflow:visible;enable-background:accumulate" />
    </g>
  </g>
</svg>
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Jermann, P. (2002) Task and Interaction Regulation in Controlling a Traffic Simulation.
In G. Stahl (Ed.) Computer Support for Collaborative
Learning. Proceedings of ~CSCL2002, Boulder, Colorado. (pp. 301-302), Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Good paper.

Controlled experiment on planning/communication.
Frames the experiment in both educational and social-psychological contexts.

Concludes that communication and planning are effective, but that particpants do not effectively monitor these aspects of their behaviour, even if made explicit.
Laurillard, D. 1996 The educational challenges for teachers and learners. Paper presented at Virtual University Conference, 24 May 1996, University of London, England.

This paper is quite widely cited without beign (apparently) available online?
It's possible to program on Android - I'm not sure how to develop a fully fledged app for Android on Android (yet) - but I am sure someone is working on it. Meantime, there's [[Frink]], and a [[Ruby-like language|Ruboto]], plus an actual interface that allows other languages as well.
Two development options exist: one is the Google-supplied "Android development environment", which is a building-block visual metaphor that avoids lots of the typing involved in developing java. Presumably it's less flexible, but the flexibility may not be that important for a prototype. The other is to use the [[Eclipse]] development environment as recommended by the Android development community; that would be a much steeper learning curve for me, as both the environment & the language need to be learned. However, having done it, I have long term access to a more powerful work environment.

Both the environments seem, well, slow. Prone to mysterious stoppages and random delays. Do I really need a bigger computer? Do I need to tune [[Java]] for my system? I ask, because ''all'' my java apps suffer from the same "woolliness". 

In point of fact, I've ended up not pursuing this option. I originally thought it might be possible to produce a prototype application (thus acquiring some Android expertise simultaneously with awareness of the design issues), but the learning curve is too steep for anything beyond trivial programming. In fact, Android does enable very [[rapid development|RAD]] of //interfaces// - but unless the content required is pre-packaged, genuine programming expertise is required to develop it. 

This experience does suggest to me that the development of "language objects", in the sense of programming objects, needs research; firstly to see what libraries of such objects exist now & secondly to specify what objects might be required for such libraries. To give a simple example; within Android you can say, notionally, @@color:blue;~GPSObject@@@@color:green;.tellMeMyLocation@@ and a latitude/longitude pair will be returned. A lot of programming expertise is made available to you in that ~GPSObject! No such  @@color:blue;~DictionaryObject@@@@color:green;.whatsThisWordMean@@ method exists: so if you want a dictionary, you have to build your own.

For further investigation:

WebApps
[[AndroidApps|WebApps]]
[[Programming on Android]]
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<<conJunction "Periodic text">>
There are a lot of interesting people using ~TiddlySpace that you might like to keep track of and interact with. There are a number of ways of doing this.

If you see a number in the speech bubble in one of your tiddlers, it means that someone is writing about the same thing as you. You can find out what they're saying by clicking on it. Likewise, if you see something interesting in someone else's space, you can respond to it and write up your own thoughts on the subject by clicking "Reply to this tiddler".

Additionally, if you find anyone interesting, or you find an interesting looking space and you'd like to know when it's changed, you can "follow" that space. To do this, simply create a tiddler with the title: {{{@space-name}}} and tag it {{{follow}}}. If you want, you can store some notes about that space in the body of the tiddler.

If you then want to know what happening, simply [[include|How do I include/exclude spaces?]]@docs the @tivity space and then visit your activity stream at [[/activity|/activity]], or just visit the @tapas space directly.

!Not sure who to follow?
Here's a few suggestions:
* @fnd
* @cdent
* @pmario
* @bengillies
* @dickon
/***
|''Name''|TiddlySpaceFollowingPlugin|
|''Version''|0.7.1|
|''Description''|Provides a following macro|
|''Author''|Jon Robson|
|''Requires''|TiddlySpaceConfig TiddlySpaceTiddlerIconsPlugin ErrorHandler|
|''License''|[[BSD|http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php]]|
!Usage
Tag a tiddler with "follow" to express a list of followers.
Using the {{{<<followTiddlers X>>}}}
will reveal the number of tiddlers with name X in the set of spaces the *current* user viewing your space follows.
{{{<<following jon>>}}} will list all the users following Jon.
{{{<<followers jon>>}}} will list all the followers of jon.
{{{<linkedTiddlers>>}}} will list all tiddlers across TiddlySpace linked to the current tiddler
{{{<linkedTiddlers follow:yes>>}}} will list all tiddlers across TiddlySpace that come from your list of followers
adds spaceLink view type {{{<<view server.bag spaceLink>>}}} creates a link to the space described in server.bag
{{{<<view server.bag spaceLink title>>}}} makes a link to the tiddler with title expressed in the field title in space server.bag
If no name is given eg. {{{<<following>>}}} or {{{<<follow>>}}} it will default the current user.
!StyleSheet
.followTiddlersList li {
	list-style:none;
}

.followButton {
	width: 2em;
}

.followTiddlersList li .siteIcon {
	height:48px;
	width: 48px;
}

#sidebarTabs .followers li a,
.followers .siteIcon,
.followers .siteIcon div {
	display: inline;
}

.followTiddlersList li .externalImage, .followTiddlersList li .image {
	display: inline;
}

.scanResults li {
	list-style: none;
}
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {
var LIMIT_FOLLOWING = 100;

var tweb = config.extensions.tiddlyweb;
var tiddlyspace = config.extensions.tiddlyspace;
var currentSpace = tiddlyspace.currentSpace.name;

var shadows = config.shadowTiddlers;
config.annotations.ScanTemplate = "This tiddler is the default template used in the display of tiddlers founding using the tsScan macro. To access attributes use the view macro e.g. {{{<<view title text>>}}}";
shadows.ScanTemplate = "<<view modifier SiteIcon width:24 height:24 spaceLink:yes label:no>> <<view title link>>";
shadows.FollowersTemplate = "<<view server.bag SiteIcon width:24 height:24 spaceLink:yes label:no>> <<view server.bag spaceLink>>";
shadows.FollowingTemplate = "<<view title SiteIcon width:24 height:24 spaceLink:yes label:no>> <<view title spaceLink>>";
shadows.FollowTiddlersBlackList = "";
shadows.FollowTiddlersHeading = "There are tiddlers in spaces you follow using the follow tag which use the title <<view title text>>";
shadows.FollowTiddlersTemplate = ["* <<view server.space SiteIcon width:24 height:24 spaceLink:yes label:no>> ",
	"<<view server.space spaceLink title external:no>> modified by <<view modifier spaceLink>> ",
	"in the <<view server.space spaceLink>> space (<<view modified date>> @ <<view modified date 0hh:0mm>>).\n"].join("");

var name = "StyleSheetFollowing";
shadows[name] = "/*{{{*/\n%0\n/*}}}*/".
	format(store.getTiddlerText(tiddler.title + "##StyleSheet"));
store.addNotification(name, refreshStyles);

// provide support for sucking in tiddlers from the server
tiddlyspace.displayServerTiddler = function(src, title, workspace, callback) {
	var adaptor = store.getTiddlers()[0].getAdaptor();
	var localTitle = tiddlyspace.getLocalTitle(title, workspace);
	var tiddler = new Tiddler(localTitle);
	tiddler.text = "Please wait while this tiddler is retrieved...";
	tiddler.fields.doNotSave = "true";
	store.addTiddler(tiddler);
	src = story.displayTiddler(src || null, tiddler.title);
	tweb.getStatus(function(status) {
		var context = {
			host: tweb.host, // TODO: inherit from source tiddler?
			workspace: workspace,
			headers: { "X-ControlView": "false" }
		};
		var getCallback = function(context, userParams) {
			var tiddler = context.tiddler;
			tiddler.title = localTitle;
			store.addTiddler(tiddler);
			story.refreshTiddler(localTitle, null, true); // overriding existing allows updating
			if(callback) {
				callback(src, tiddler);
			}
		};
		adaptor.getTiddler(title, context, null, getCallback);
	});
};

tiddlyspace.scroller = {
	runHandler: function(title, top, bottom, height) {
		var i;
		var handlers = tiddlyspace.scroller.handlers;
		var tidEl = story.getTiddler(title);
		if(tidEl) {
			var topEl = $(tidEl).offset().top + 20;
			if(top === false || (topEl > top && topEl < bottom)) {
				var h = handlers[title];
				for(i = 0; i < h.length; i++) {
					h[i]();
				}
				tiddlyspace.scroller.clearHandlers(title);
			}
		} else {
			tiddlyspace.scroller.clearHandlers(title);
		}
	},
	clearHandlers: function(title) {
		tiddlyspace.scroller.handlers[title] = [];
	},
	registerIsVisibleEvent: function(title, handler) {
		tiddlyspace.scroller.handlers[title] = tiddlyspace.scroller.handlers[title] || [];
		tiddlyspace.scroller.handlers[title].push(handler);
	},
	init: function() {
		this.handlers = {};
		this.interval = window.setInterval(function() {
			var top = $(window).scrollTop();
			var height = $(window).height();
			var bottom = top + height;
			var title;
			for(title in tiddlyspace.scroller.handlers) {
				if(title) {
					tiddlyspace.scroller.runHandler(title, top, bottom, height);
				}
			}
		}, 2000); // every 2 seconds check scroll position
	}
};
tiddlyspace.scroller.init();

var followMacro = config.macros.followTiddlers = {
	locale: {
		followListHeader: "Here are tiddlers from spaces you follow using the follow tag which use this title.",
		noTiddlersFromFollowers: "None of the spaces you follow contain a tiddler with this name.",
		errorMessage: "There was a problem retrieving tiddlers from the server. Please try again later."
	},
	init: function() {
		followMacro.lookup = {};
	},
	followTag: "follow",
	getHosts: function(callback) {
		tweb.getStatus(function(status) {
			callback(tweb.host, tiddlyspace.getHost(status.server_host, "%0"));
		});
	},
	getBlacklist: function() {
		return store.getTiddlerText("FollowTiddlersBlackList").split("\n");
	},
	handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
		var args = paramString.parseParams("anon")[0];
		var containingTiddler = story.findContainingTiddler(place).getAttribute('tiddler');
		var title = (args.anon && args.anon[0]) || tiddler.fields["server.title"] || tiddler.title;
		var tid = store.getTiddler(title);
		var user = params[1] || false;
		if(tid) {
			followMacro.makeButton(place, {
				url: "/search?q=title:%22" + encodeURIComponent(title) + "%22",
				containingTiddler: containingTiddler,
				blacklisted: followMacro.getBlacklist(), title: title, user: user,
				consultFollowRelationship: (args.follow &&
					args.follow[0] === 'false') ? false : true });
		}
	},
	makeButton: function(place, options) { // this is essentially the same code in TiddlySpaceFollowingPlugin
		var title = options.title;
		var blacklisted = options.blacklisted;
		var tiddler = store.getTiddler(title);
		var btn = $('<div class="followButton" />').addClass("notLoaded").appendTo(place)[0];
		if(blacklisted.contains(title)) {
			$(btn).remove();
			return;
		} else {
			var user = options.user;
			window.setTimeout(function() { // prevent multiple calls due to refresh
				tiddlyspace.scroller.registerIsVisibleEvent(options.containingTiddler, function() {
					var mkButton = function(followers, ignore) {
						if(!followers && !ignore) {
							$(btn).remove();
						} else {
							$("<a />").appendTo(btn);
							var scanOptions = { url: options.url,
								spaceField: options.spaceField || "bag", template: null, sort: "-modified",
								callback: function(tiddlers) {
									$(btn).removeClass("notLoaded");
									followMacro.constructInterface(btn, tiddlers);
								}
							};
							if(!ignore) {
								scanOptions.showBags = followMacro._getFollowerBags(followers);
							}
							scanOptions.hideBags = [tiddler.fields["server.bag"]];
							scanMacro.scan(null, scanOptions, user);
						}
					};
					if(options.consultFollowRelationship) {
						followMacro.getFollowers(mkButton);
					} else {
						mkButton([], true);
					}
				});
			}, 1000);
		}
	},
	constructInterface: function(container, tiddlers) {
		var txt = tiddlers.length;
		var className = txt > 0 ? "hasReplies" : "noReplies";
		var el = $(story.findContainingTiddler(container));
		$(container).empty().addClass(className);
		var btn = $("<a />").addClass("followedTiddlers").text(txt).
			click(function(ev) {
				followMacro.followingOnClick(ev);
			}).appendTo('<div class="followedTiddlers" />').appendTo(container)[0];
		$.data(btn, "tiddlers", tiddlers);
	},
	followingOnClick: function(ev) {
		var target = ev.target;
		var locale = followMacro.locale;
		var el = $('<div class="followTiddlersList" />')[0];
		var popup = Popup.create(target,"div");
		$(popup).addClass("taggedTiddlerList followList").click(function(ev) { // make it so only clicking on the document outside the popup removes the popup
			if(ev.target.parentNode != document) {
				ev.stopPropagation();
			}
		}).append(el);
		var tiddlers = $.data(target, "tiddlers") || [];
		scanMacro.template(el, tiddlers.slice(0,1), "FollowTiddlersHeading");
		scanMacro.template(el, tiddlers, "FollowTiddlersTemplate");
		if(tiddlers.length === 0) {
			$("<li />").text(locale.noTiddlersFromFollowers).appendTo(el);
		}
		Popup.show();
		ev.stopPropagation();
		return popup;
	},
	_getFollowerBags: function(followers) { // XXX: private or not?
		return $.map(followers, function(name, i) {
			return name != currentSpace ? "%0_public".format(name) : null;
		});
	},
	getFollowers: function(callback, username) {
		// returns a list of spaces being followed by the existing space
		var followersCallback = function(user) {
			if(!user.anon) {
				scanMacro.scan(null, { 
					url: "/search?q=bag:%0_public tag:%1 _limit:%2".format(user.name, followMacro.followTag, LIMIT_FOLLOWING),
					spaceField: "title", template: null, cache: true,
					callback: function(tiddlers) {
						var followers = [];
						for(var i = 0; i < tiddlers.length; i++) {
							followers.push(tiddlyspace.resolveSpaceName(tiddlers[i].title));
						}
						callback(followers);
					}
				});
			} else {
				callback(false);
			}
		};
		return !username ? tweb.getUserInfo(followersCallback) : followersCallback({ name: username });
	}
};

var scanMacro = config.macros.tsScan = {
	init: function () {
		this.scanned = {};
	},
	_tiddlerfy: function(jsontiddlers, options) {
		var tiddlers = [];
		var spaceField = options.spaceField || "bag"; // TODO: phase out use view types instead
		$.each(jsontiddlers, function(i, t) {
			var use = false;
			if(!options.showBags || (options.showBags && options.showBags.contains(t.bag))) {
				use = true;
			}
			if(options.hideBags && options.hideBags.contains(t.bag)) {
				use = false;
			}
			if(use) {
				var spaceName = t[spaceField];
				var tiddler = config.adaptors.tiddlyweb.toTiddler(t, tweb.host);
				tiddler.fields["server.space"] = tiddlyspace.resolveSpaceName(spaceName);
				tiddlers.push(tiddler);
			}
		});
		return tiddlers;
	},
	_scanCallback: function(place, jsontiddlers, options) {
		var locale = followersMacro.locale;
		var tiddlers = scanMacro._tiddlerfy(jsontiddlers, options);
		
		if(options.sort) {
			tiddlers = store.sortTiddlers(tiddlers, options.sort);
		}
		if(options.filter) {
			var _store = new TiddlyWiki();
			config.lastStore = _store;
			for(var i = 0; i < tiddlers.length; i++) {
				var clone = tiddlers[i];
				clone.title = tiddlyspace.getLocalTitle(clone.title, clone.fields['server.workspace']);
				_store.addTiddler(clone);
			}
			tiddlers = _store.filterTiddlers(options.filter);
		}
		if(place) {
			$(place).empty();
			var list = $("<ul />").appendTo(place)[0];
			scanMacro.template(list, tiddlers, options.template);
			if(tiddlers.length === 0) {
				$("<li />").text(options.emptyMessage || locale.noone).appendTo(list);
				$(list).addClass("emptyList");
			}
		}
		if(options.callback) {
			options.callback(tiddlers);
		}
	},
	constructSearchUrl: function(host, options) {
		if(options.url) {
			return options.url;
		}
		var inputs = options.searchValues;
		var tag = options.tag;
		var searchField = options.searchField || "title";
		var searchQuery = [];
		for(var i = 0; i < inputs.length; i++) {
			searchQuery.push('%0:"%1"'.format(searchField, inputs[i]));
		}
		var query = searchQuery.join(" OR ");
		query = tag ? "(%0) AND tag:%1".format(query, tag) : query;
		query = options.query ? "%0;%1;".format(query, options.query) : query;
		query = options.fat ? "%0&fat=1".format(query) : query;
		return '%0/search?q=%1'.format(host, query);
	},
	scan: function(place, options) { // TODO: make use of list macro with url filter
		var locale = followersMacro.locale;
		options.template = options.template ? options.template : "ScanTemplate";
		followMacro.getHosts(function(host, tsHost) {
			$(place).text(followersMacro.locale.pleaseWait);
			options = options ? options: {};
			var url = scanMacro.constructSearchUrl(host, options);
			if(options.cache && scanMacro.scanned[url]) {
				var tiddlers = scanMacro.scanned[url].tiddlers;
				var run = function(tiddlers) {
					scanMacro._scanCallback(place, tiddlers, options);
				};
				if(tiddlers) {
					run(tiddlers);
				} else {
					scanMacro.scanned[url].callbacks.push(run);
				}
			} else {
				var callback = function(tiddlers) {
					scanMacro._scanCallback(place, tiddlers, options);
				};
				if(scanMacro.scanned[url] && scanMacro.scanned[url].callbacks) {
					scanMacro.scanned[url].callbacks.push(callback);
				} else {
					scanMacro.scanned[url] = {
						callbacks: [callback]
					};
				}
				ajaxReq({
					url: url,
					dataType: "json",
					success: function(tiddlers) {
						scanMacro.scanned[url].tiddlers = tiddlers;
						var callbacks = scanMacro.scanned[url].callbacks;
						while(callbacks.length > 0) {
							callbacks.pop()(tiddlers);
						}
					},
					error: function(xhr) {
						$(place).empty();
						$("<span />").addClass("annotation error").text(locale.error.format(xhr.status)).appendTo(place);
					}
				});
			}
		});
	},
	template: function(place, tiddlers, template) { // TODO: make use of list macro.
		for(var i = 0; i < tiddlers.length; i++) {
			var tiddler = tiddlers[i];
			var item = $('<li class="spaceName" />').appendTo(place)[0];
			var spaceName = tiddler.fields["server.space"] || "";
			var templateText = store.getTiddlerText(template).replace(/\$1/mg, spaceName);
			wikify(templateText, item, null, tiddler);
		}
	},
	getOptions: function(paramString, tiddler) {
		var args = paramString.parseParams("name", null, true, false, true)[0];
		var options = { query: false, sort: false, tag: false, template: false, showBags: args.show || false,
			hideBags: args.hide || false, filter: false, spaceField: "bag", searchField: "title", fat: false,
			emptyMessage: false };
		for(var name in args) {
			if(name != "name") {
				if(name == "fat") {
					options[name] = true;
				} else {
					options[name] = args[name][0];
				}
			}
		}
		// if user has set searchField to modifier, then use the modifiers value if available otherwise use searchValues.
		var searchField = options.searchField;
		var searchValues = args[searchField] ? args[searchField] : args.searchValues;
		// if neither of those were used use the first parameter
		var defaultValues = tiddler ? [ tiddler.title ] : [];
		options.searchValues = searchValues ? searchValues : ( args.name ? [args.name[0]] : defaultValues);
		return options;
	},
	handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
		var container = $("<div />").addClass("scanResults resultsArea").appendTo(place)[0];
		var options = scanMacro.getOptions(paramString, tiddler);
		scanMacro.scan(container, options);
	}
};

var followersMacro = config.macros.followers = {
	locale: {
		loggedOut: "Please login to see the list of followers",
		noSupport: "We were unable to retrieve followers as your browser does not support following.",
		pleaseWait: "Please wait while we look this up...",
		error: "Error %0 occurred whilst retrieving data from server",
		noone: "None."
	},
	handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
		var locale = followersMacro.locale;
		var args = paramString.parseParams("name", null, true, false, true)[0];
		var username = args.name ? args.name[0] : false;
		var container = $('<div class="followers" />').text(locale.pleaseWait).
			appendTo(place)[0];
		var followersCallback = function(user) {
			if(user.anon) {
				$("<span />").text(locale.loggedOut).appendTo(container);
			} else {
				var options = scanMacro.getOptions(paramString);
				$.extend(options, {
					url: "/search?q=title:@%0 OR title:%0 tag:%1 _limit:%2".
						format(user.name, followMacro.followTag, LIMIT_FOLLOWING),
					spaceField: "bag",
					template: options.template ? options.template : "FollowersTemplate"
				});
				scanMacro.scan(container, options);
			}
		};
		return !username ? followersCallback({ name: currentSpace }) : followersCallback({ name: username });
	}
};

var followingMacro = config.macros.following = {
	locale: {
		pleaseWait: followersMacro.locale.pleaseWait,
		loggedOut: "Please login to see who you are following",
		noSupport: followersMacro.locale.noSupport,
		error: followersMacro.locale.error,
		noone: followersMacro.locale.noone
	},
	handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
		var locale = followingMacro.locale;
		var args = paramString.parseParams("name", null, true, false, true)[0];
		var fat = args.fat ? true : false;
		var username = args.name ? args.name[0] : false;
		var container = $('<div class="following" />').text(locale.pleaseWait).
			appendTo(place)[0];
		var followingCallback = function(user) {
			if(user.anon) {
				$("<span />").text(locale.loggedOut).appendTo(container);
			} else {
				var options = scanMacro.getOptions(paramString);
				$.extend(options, {
					url: "/search?q=bag:%0_public tag:%1 _limit:%2".format(user.name, followMacro.followTag, LIMIT_FOLLOWING),
					spaceField: "title",
					template: options.template ? options.template : "FollowingTemplate"
				});
				scanMacro.scan(container, options);
			}
		};
		return !username ? followingCallback({ name: currentSpace }) : followingCallback({ name: username });
	}
};

var linkedMacro = config.macros.linkedTiddlers = {
	handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
		var args = paramString.parseParams("anon")[0];
		var title = params[0] || tiddler.fields["server.title"] || tiddler.title;
		var tid = store.getTiddler(title);
		var containingTiddler = story.findContainingTiddler(place).getAttribute('tiddler');
		if(tid) {
			followMacro.makeButton(place, {
				spaceField: "recipe",
				url: "/bags/%0/tiddlers/%1/backlinks".format(tid.fields['server.bag'],
					encodeURIComponent(tid.title)),
				blacklisted: followMacro.getBlacklist(),
				title: title,
				containingTiddler: containingTiddler,
				user: params[1] || false,
				consultFollowRelationship: args.follow ? true : false });
		}
	}
};

if(config.options.chkFollowTiddlersIsLinkedTiddlers) {
	merge(config.macros.followTiddlers, config.macros.linkedTiddlers);
	config.shadowTiddlers.FollowTiddlersHeading = "These are the other tiddlers that link to this tiddler.";
}

})(jQuery);
//}}}
''~Text-To-Speech''

Everybody's doing it, but nobody's making it easy. [[SSML]] seems to be making some headway
Koschmann, T. (1996) (Editor) CSCL: Theory and Practice of an emerging paradigm. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, New Jersey.

Library or ~GoogleBooks
/*{{{*/
body {
	font-size: 1em;
	font-family: helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
	background-color: #fff;
	color: [[ColorPalette::Foreground]];
}

body ul { margin: 0; }

#popup {
	background-color: [[ColorPalette::TertiaryPale]];
}

#popup.confirmationPopup, .followList {
	font-size: 0.8em;
	padding: 1em;
	border: solid 1px [[ColorPalette::SecondaryMid]];
	background-color: [[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]];
}

.followList .listTitle {
	text-decoration: underline;
}

#popup .followTiddlersList a {
	display: inline;
	padding: 0;
}

#popup li a {
	color: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];
	font-weight: bold;
}

#popup li a:hover {
	color: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];
	background: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];
}

#popup li.listTitle {
	border-bottom: 1px solid #000;
	font-weight: bold;
	margin-bottom: 10px;
}

#popup.followList {
	margin-left: 50px;
	margin-top: -30px;
}

.followTiddlersList .label {
	display: block;
	left: 10px;
	top: 0px;
	line-height: 16px;
	position: relative;
}

#popup .followTiddlersList .siteIcon{
	height: auto;
}

#popup .followTiddlersList li{
	clear: both;
	display: block;
	height: 48px;
	margin-bottom: 8px;
	position: relative;
}

#popup .followTiddlersList a{
	display: inline;
}

#displayArea {
	margin: 0;
	top: 0px;
	left: 0px;
	width: 100%;
	position: relative;
}

.revisionCloak {
	position: absolute;
	position: fixed !important;
	height: 100%;
	width: 100%;
	top: 0;
	left: 0;
	border: 0;
	margin: 0;
	padding: 0;
	opacity: 0.5;
	filter: alpha(opacity=50);
	background-color: #000;
}

/* *** Header *** */
.header {
	position: relative;
	background-color: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];
	_width: 100%; /* ie 6 demands */
}

.headerForeground {
	background-color: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];
	float: left;
	margin: 24px 16px 0px 72px;
	padding: 0;
	position: relative;
	top: 0;
	_width: 70%; /*ie6: needed for the background to actually be transparent*/
	_background-color: transparent; /*ie6: needed to show the search box*/
}

.clearFloat {
	clear: both;
}

#contentWrapper {
	position: relative;
	padding-top: 1px;
	top: -1px;
}

#tiddlerDisplay {
	_position: relative; /* ie 6*/
}

.siteTitle {
	clear: both;
	display: block;
	font-size: 32px;
	font-weight: bold;
	line-height: 32px;
}

.siteSubtitle {
	display: block;
	font-size: 14px;
	height: 16px;
	margin-bottom: 8px;
}

#sidebarSearch {
	padding: 0;
	position: absolute;
	right: 80px;
	top: 8px;
	width: 176px;
}

#sidebarSearch .txtOptionInput {
	width: 100%;
	margin-top: 5px;
	_color: #bbb; /* ie6 danger */
}

#sidebarSearch .txtOptionInput:focus {
	color: #000;
}

#sidebarSearch .searchButton {
	display: none;
}

/* *** Menu Bar *** */

#mainMenu {
	position: static;
	text-align: left;
	margin-left: 72px;
	float: left;
	width: auto;
	padding: 0;
	font-size: 1em;
	line-height: normal;
}

#mainMenu a {
	color: #fff;
	padding: 8px;
	font-size: 0.9em;
	margin-right: 16px;
}

#mainMenu a:hover {
	background-color: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];
	color: [[ColorPalette::Background]]
}

#sidebarOptions {
	margin-right: 72px;
	float: right;
	font-size: 1.1em;
	line-height: 1.6em;
	min-height: 1em;
	padding-top: 0;
}

#sidebarOptions a {
	margin-right: 8px;
}

.confirmationPopup .button,
#sidebarOptions .button {
	cursor: pointer;
	line-height: 1.4em;
	text-align: center;
	margin-right: 8px;
	margin-left:-2px;
}

.confirmationPopup .button {
	font-size: 0.9em;
	padding: 2px;
}

#sidebarOptions .button {
	font-size: 0.7em;
	float: left;
	width: 80px;
	padding: 0px;
        color: #fff;
}

.confirmationPopup a.button,
#sidebarOptions a {
	border: none;
	margin: 0 0.2em;
	padding: 0.6em 0.25em;
	display: inline;
	color: #666;
}

.confirmationPopup a.button:hover,
#sidebarOptions a:hover {
	color: #000;
}

.confirmationPopup a.button:active,
#sidebarOptions a:active {
	border: solid 1px [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];
	background-color: #fff;
	background: -webkit-gradient( linear, left bottom, left top, color-stop(0.1,rgb(200,200,200)), color-stop(1, rgb(100,100,100)));
	background: -moz-linear-gradient(center bottom , rgb(200,200,200) 10%,rgb(100,100,100) 100%) repeat scroll 0 0 transparent;
}
/* *** Sidebar *** */

#sidebar .wizard table {
	margin: 0px;
}

.tabContents .listTitle:first-child {
	margin-top: 0px;
}

#menuBar {
	background: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryLight]];
	left: 0;
	right: 0;
	position: relative;
	margin: 0;
	padding: 0.5em 0 0.5em 0;
	min-height: 1em;
	overflow: hidden;
	_width: 100%; /* for ie 6 */
}

#sidebarOptions a.button:hover {
	color: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];
    background: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];
}

#tiddlerDisplay, #searchResults {
	margin: 16px 448px 0 72px;
}

#sidebarTabs {
	position: absolute;
	right: 72px;
	width: 352px;
	top: 0;
}

#sidebarTabs .tabsetWrapper .tabset {
	width: 87px;
	border-top: 1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];
	border-left: 1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];
	border-bottom: 1px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];
	height: auto;
	float: left;
	word-wrap: break-word;
	top: 0;
	padding: 0;
}

#sidebarTabs .tabsetWrapper .tabContents {
	background-color: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];
	border: 3px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];
	width: 242px;
	_width: 238px;
	left: -3px;
	_left: -5px;
	position: relative;
	min-height: 34em;
	padding: 8px;
	font-size: 0.8em;
}

/* ---- Side style --- */

#sidebarTabs .tabsetWrapper .tabset .tab {
	font-size: 0.9em;
	padding: 0.7em 8px 0.5em;
	color: #fff;
	background: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryLight]];
	border: none;
	line-height: 16px;
	position: relative;
	display: block;
	margin: 0;
}

#sidebarTabs .tabsetWrapper .tabset .tabSelected {
	color: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];
	background: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];
	border-top: 3px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];
	border-bottom: 3px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];
	border-left: 3px solid [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];
	z-index: 10;
	margin-top: -1px;
	font-weight: bold;
}

#sidebarTabs .tabContents li {
	border: none;
	margin-left: 0;
	word-wrap: break-word;
}

.tabContents .timeline {
	background: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];
	margin-bottom: 8px;
}

#sidebarTabs .timeline li.listTitle {
	color: #132E43;
	margin-left: 8px 0;
	padding: 0.3em 0.11em;
	font-size: 1em;
	border-bottom: none;
}

#sidebarTabs .tabContents li a {
	display: block;
	text-align: left;
	margin: 0 0 1px 0;
	padding: 0.3em 1em;
	background: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];
}

#sidebarTabs .tabsetWrapper .tabset a:hover,
#sidebarTabs .tabContents li a:hover {
	color: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryPale]];
	background: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];
}

/* Activity Stream */
#sidebarTabs .tabContents .activityStream .feedItem a {
	display: inline-block;
	padding: 0;
	background: none;
}

/* ---- Tagging box --- */
.tagInfo {
	border: 1px solid #cccccc;
	padding: 10px 15px;
	-moz-box-shadow: 0 2px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
	box-shadow: 0 2px 2px rgba(0,0,0,0.2);
	color: [[ColorPalette::TertiaryMid]];
	background: -moz-linear-gradient(100% 100% 90deg, #f4f4f4, #e5e5e5);
	background: -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, right top, from(#e5e5e5), to(#f4f4f4));
	margin-top: 1em;
	font-size: 13px;
	margin: 0 0 0 56px;
}

.tagInfo ul {
	list-style: none;
	padding-left: 2.2em;
}

.tagInfo ul li {
	display: inline;
}

.tagInfo ul li.listTitle,
.tagInfo .tagging ul li.listTitle {
	color: [[ColorPalette::PrimaryMid]];
	font-size: 13px;
}

.tagInfo ul li a {
	border: none;
}

.tagInfo .tagging ul li {
	float: none;
	display: inline-block;
}

.tagInfo .tagging {
	padding: 0;
}

.viewRevision .toolbar {
	right: 48px;
	top: 8px;
}

.viewRevision .modifierIcon img,
.viewRevision .modifierIcon svg {
	margin-right: 8px;
}

.viewRevision .toolbar svg {
	width: 32px;
	height: 32px;
}

/* --- IE hacks from lattice --- */

/* ie hacks */
* html #menuBar {
	margin-bottom: 8px;
}
.toolbar .svgIconText {
	*display: inline;
}

div.tiddler .toolbar a {
	cursor: pointer;
	float: left\9;
	display: inline\9;
}

* html .toolbar {
	right: 8px;
}
* html .followButton a {
	margin-top: 0px;
	margin-right: 8px;
}
* html #tiddlerDisplay {
	margin-top: 0px;
}

/* for printing purposes */
@media print {
	#mainMenu,
	#sidebar,
	#messageArea,
	.toolbar,
	.followPlaceHolder,
	#backstageButton,
	#backstageArea,
	#sidebarTabs,
	#sidebarSearch .txtOptionInput,
	#sidebarOptions {
		display: none !important;
	}
	#displayArea {
		margin: 1em 1em 0em;
	}
	noscript {
		display:none; /* Fixes a feature in Firefox 1.5.0.2 where print preview displays the noscript content */
	}
	#tiddlerDisplay {
		margin: 16px 16px;
	}
}

@media all and (max-width: 960px){
	#tiddlerDisplay,
	#searchResults {
		margin: 16px 366px 0 16px;
	}

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Gaskell (2004) Can learners use concordance feedback for writing errors? //System// 2004 vol. 32(3) p. 301  
Johns, T. (1986) ~Micro-Concord:A&nbsp;language&nbsp;learner's research tool, System 14(2), p. 151-162

A sumary of the technical features of an early PC concordancing program, with some commentary on use of the developed program.
#Student-driven pattern analysis
#Use of authentic texts
#Generally
##Pre-structured concordance materials for "goal" oriented activities
##As a support for writing activities
##As a directed research tool

Johns mentions, as do other writers in the field, that students need help learning to use a concordance.

Blakemore, ~S-J., 2008 The social brain in adolescence, //Nature Reviews: Neuroscience// 9-4, pp.267-277

A good overall starting point for jargon & concepts. Specific mention is made of the sound recognition loss mechanism in infants.
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Sweller, J. 1994 Cognitive load theory, learning difficulty, and instructional design //Learning and Instruction// 4(4) pp.295-312

Outlines a theory of learning based on the acquisition of schema and the movement from controlled to automatic processing. o achieve this eficiently, remove "extraneous cognitive load" (any cognitive effort which is unrelated to the brain-changes above).

Intrinsic cognitive load can be measured in terms of "element intereactivity". Vocab lists have very low interactivity. Syntax has high interactivity (many things must be simultaneously thought of). Thie author works in maths/programming, but the ideas are interesting.

Can we say that we learn a language in the same way that we learn anything else? Language //seems// deeper, perhaps because it is involved in all other learning. But is it?

Roehr, K. 2004 Exploring the role of explicit knowledge in adult second language learning: Language proficiency, pedagogical grammar and language learning strategies, Lancaster University CRILE Working Paper, at http://www.lancs.ac.uk/fss/linguistics/groups/crile/docs/crile59roehr.pdf viewed 12/April/2011

Reviews some key literature for and against in the area of Langauge Awareness and reports in detail on a longitudinal study at her university which suggests Language Awareness is a weak effect.
Friesen, N.  2004 Three objections to learning objects and e-learning standards //Online education using learning objects// pp.59-70

#"Learning Object" blends a significanly under-specified and contested term, i.e. learning, with the highly technical term "object" drawn from the field of software engineering. There is ''no'' reason to expect that this makes sense. 
#The term "pedagogically neutral" embedded in the discourse around education objects is meaningless. Pedagogy is not neutral. Methods are not neutral. Limitations of the [[SCORM]] framework.
#Impact of the <html> <span style='color:blue;font-weight:bold' title='Army Distance Learning'>ADL</span></html> means that e-learning research in the US (and by diffusion, elsewhere) is dominated by the cybernetic fantasies of the US military. These fantasies are not intrinsically fit for public education.

Each of these point contains useful external references. (USDF education funding is 7x that of the USDE, for example)
Liu, M., Moore, Z., Graham, L., Lee, S. 2000 A look at the research on computer-based technology use in second language learning: Review of literature from 1990-2000 //Interchange// Issue 512 pp.1-54

No point summarising the summary. What stood out was the paucity of software tools for listening and speaking support, and the total absence of any discussion of institutional issues in the deployment of @@color:blue;font-weight:bold;<html><span title="Computer Aided Language Learning">CALL</span></html>@@.
Pennington, M. C. ed. (1996) The Power of CALL, Athelstan

Book - articles summarised independently

<<conJunction "Periodic text">>
test
<<testMac "Periodic text">>
Beetham & Sharpe, 2007

Thoughts during the intro: 

Very hard to sustain the learner as central (explicit attempts are made to do this). Teacher as controller/provider constantly re-asserts, perhaps simply as systematic side-effect of "small-subject" sentences. E.g. p.8 "...How can I choose...to provide"

But elsewhere, p.8 "We recognise that learners and learning situations are unpredictable..." and also, the discussion on p.2 more generally. See Alexander, R.J. (2002) //Dichotomous pedagogies and the promise of comparative research// AERAAC, New Orleans, April, 2002

Need to look at Dreyfus & Dreyfus, 1986, for some ideas on knowledge as //craft// rather than //repository//. My own view - as of today, at least - is that knowledge is performative, and not stored in books; these are the records of performance. However, I don't know how useful the distinction is. What is [[knowledge|http://philph.tiddlyspot.com/#knowledge]]? Always a central question.
<<tabs txtSumTSS [[TTS Overall]] "" [[TTS Overall]] [[HTC One S]] "" [[HTC One S]] [[Samsung Note 1]] "" [[Samsung Note 1]] [[Galaxy1]] "" [[Galaxy1]] [[Old Samsung]] "" [[Old Samsung]]>>
Schon, 1987

/% follow up %/
Speech Synthesis Markup Language, documented [[here|http://www.w3.org/TR/speech-synthesis/#AppA]] 

One problem is, in the Android space, support for this is pretty random. [[This|Android TTS Engines]] documents my knowledge as at 25/Jan/2013

Govindasamy, T. 2001 Successful implementation of e-Learning: Pedagogical considerations, //The Internet and Higher Education// 4(3-4) pp.287-299

Is concerned with the absence of pedagogy in LMS. Discusses this issue in conjunction with the parameters identifed by one major US report ("Quality on the Line", Institute for Higher Education Policy, 2000)
#Institutional support 
#Course development 
#Teaching and learning 
#Course structure
#Student support 
#Faculty support 
#Evaluation and assessment

It's not entirely clear what the author thinks "pedagogy" means. Bloom's principles are not questioned - so perhaps Bloom=pedagogy. That's clearly problematic in iteslf, but separately not sure how/when to apply/adapt Bloom to TESOL. (On Bloom, see [[Carman, J. 2002]])

The author is a big fan of MCQ's for assessment, claiming they can address all Bloom's levels. He advocates [[Laurillard]]'s "conversational theory" as an appropriate model for student-teacher relationships in an e-learning community without particularly suggesting how this can be done.

Institutional roles for instructors don't readily map to content-developers. Current LMS systems equate the two, encourging institutional abuse of instructors.

Sowell, R. S., Trauner, D.A., Gamst, A., Jernigan, T.L., 2002, Development of cortical and subcortical structures in childhood and adolesence: a structural MRI study, //Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology// 44-1, pp.4-16

Of interest in passing for some comments on effects of adolescent brain change on verbal learning - it appears abilities are enhanced by changes during adolescence.
<<closeAll>><<permaview>><<newTiddler>>
Not a great paper - discusses a ''L''earning'' A''ctivites ''M''anagement ''S''ystem which appears to have been retrospectively associated with the IMS/LD model discussed in Anorim.

It's really just a drag and drop PC tool supporting User Admin (not demonstrated) Student delivery (ND) Teacher monitoring (ND) and teacher authoring/adapting of sequences.

A fairly trivial example is given in the context of a "What is Greatness (in a human)?" exercise for ages 14-16. The activities "Free discussion", "Content-mediated research", "teacher-directed group discussion", "Individual Project" are allocated to the overall learning activity.

It is suggested that this can be adapted to the question "What is jazz"? in 5 minutes (assuming content available). If this is true it suggests a very limited conception of the question "What is..." and as such may be an argument against ~LAMS-type structures.

Some anecdotal sales talk is provided in lieu of analysis of impact.
Warschauer, M. 2002 Networking into academic discourse //Journal of English for Academic Purposes// Vol. 1 pp.45–58

An interesting paper only superficially about technology & lanaguage acquisition, and more deeply about the role of academic discourse and student relationships to it. IS the goal to produce discourse, or to engage in it? The latter embraces the idea that a student might be "moved" in some ways by the participation in a community of that activity which is producuing academic discourse. (I don't see this as happening with the particularly instrumental motivations impellign higher ed. in Australia at the moment, but perhaps I am wrong.)

Thought provoking.


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Stark, J. 2010 //Building Android Apps with HTML, CSS and Javascript//, O'Reilly, Sebastopol

An argument, and a methodology, for packaging Web-based apps (i.e. using HTML as a semantics layer, CSS as a presentation layer and Javascript as a behavioural layer) for distribution as native Android apps.

Technically this is fairly trivial; the web-app gets wrapped in a stripped down browser program and deployed through the Android distribution system, which can be market-based, or private. The open source community has provided a number of wrapper options. 

There is almost certainly some breakpoint in terms of program complexity for this methodology, but it's very appealing. It's tons easier than learning Java, and the idea of only needing to redesign the presentation layer for each platform is very attractive.
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<<beVerbs "Periodic text">>
Imformation Management System/Learnign Design . (That's a bit of a guess)

This is the framework of [[Anorim|Anorim, R. et. al. 2006]]'s paper.

It's far too detailed for my use in this project in any deep way, but a number of questions need to be answered:

Can it (or any other LD model) escribe language acquisition as well as 'knowledge' acquisition?
How to handle the deficiencies of OWL, i.e.
#Hierachical relations cannot be assigned (//X is a member of a class Y//)
#Properties of relations cannot be described (eg. //symmetry/transitivity/disjoint/exhaustive//)
#General and formal constraints between relations, concepts and attributes cannot be described 

There's some faintly suspicious doubletalk about the ontology described in this paper ''not'' extending the IMS/LD spec; well, maybe it doesn't, but I'd need to think about it more. In principle it seems to me that any way of using a concept/thing should be part of its description; if you have an inventory which includes a hammer, and an ontology which says a penduum is a hammer on a string, then the inventory has been expanded by the inculsion of a pendulum weight. OK, not a problem for me right now.

Assuming the paper is exhaustive in its description of the taxonomy of the LD ontology axioms, there are:
#Runtime Axioms
#Design Axioms
##Visibility
##Role
##Completion
###Time limit
###Complete Entity
##Activity

That looks too simple to me - if I need to use this, will have to research it further.
Current wisdom (well, school practice) is that PRON is a matter of ear-based imitation (I have to say I concur with this) and consequently, there's a lot of drilling back in the air, although the idea is that the drilling is used more to develop students' ears for features to be imitated in future. Anyway, I used [[Frink]] to create a little [[Android]] app that uses the [[TTS]] engine on Android to say a sentence, then uses the [[speech recognition]] function to measure the number of words that the speaker got correct. It's simple, but potentially useful. The data is downloaded from a web-based server, so we could, in theory, roll it out to students & keep the data updated centrally. (I'm using Dropbox //pro tem//).

Problems are that the various Androids all have different TTS engines, which all appear pretty unpredictable [[TTS Overall]]. Ideally we could use the [[SSML]] controls to refine the delivery, but they're too unpredictable. Plus the voices aren't all great. Ivona has good voices, currently free. There's functionality in SSML to allow us to switch voices between male/female, in theory. In practice, it's not working at the moment.

Ideally - perhaps - we could use audio files via the [[audio|SSML#audio]] option, but I can't get that to work either.

Still and all, I like the little app. It provides hard and easy options on two dimensions, so students have a chance to score OK. I reckon they're pronunciation would improve, even if the speech recognition does reward a slightly artificial tone (which is not proven, anyway)
This project represents an attempt to canvass the //''design''// issues that would generally arise in an organisation seeking to employ //''e-learning''//. Although the focus of the hypothetical project undertaken is in <html> <span style="color:blue;font-weight:bold;" title="Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages">TESOL </span></html> it is not unreasonable to believe that most of the issues would arise in other educational contexts. The analysis concludes that design issues for an e-learning project necessarily include an understanding of the oranisation's (and its staff's) ethical framework, IT issues around development, deployment and maintenance of the tool(s) as well as the pedagogical and learning questions that might originally have been considered to consitute the scope of an e-learning design project. It is not possible - not sensible - to consider these three frameworks as independent, even as early as the design phase.

[img[https://dl.dropbox.com/u/9880794/stuff/3Venn.jpg]]
;Thinking about e-learning
A useful paper indicative of some theoretical models for structuring and measuring learning activities in the context of machine control.

See [[Nardi 1996]] 

Also [[Koschmann 1996]]

Introduces an acronym ~DEGREE (for ''D''istance ''E''nvironment for ''GR''oup ''E''xp''E''riences. The [[CSCL]] framework is implemented via 4 levels:
#Configuration
#Performance
#Analysis
#Organisational

There is an interesting attempt to structure a conversation as a "label-oriented graph" - although I can't quite see that the "nodes" and "edges" are anything other than boxes and lines (i.e. they don't appear to implement any "graphy" theory).

An extensive discussion of how to measure & score the activity/sub-activities.

What most struck me about this paper was the extent to which this model rewards conformance to process rather than outcome: it appears that if a group of learners set off on a "wrong" path, but did so in a process-sensitive way, the learning activity would be deemed successful.
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			},
			error: function(xhr, error, exc) {
				errback(xhr, error, exc, self);
			}
		});
	},
	// sends resource to server
	// callback is passed data, status, XHR (cf. jQuery.ajax success)
	// errback is passed XHR, error, exception, resource (cf. jQuery.ajax error)
	put: function(callback, errback) {
		var self = this;
		var options = {
			url: this.route(),
			type: "PUT",
			contentType: "application/json",
			data: JSON.stringify(this.baseData()),
			success: function(data, status, xhr) {
				callback(self, status, xhr);
			},
			error: function(xhr, error, exc) {
				errback(xhr, error, exc, self);
			}
		};
		if(this.ajaxSetup) {
			this.ajaxSetup(options);
		}
		return $.ajax(options);
	},
	// deletes resource on server
	// callback is passed data, status, XHR (cf. jQuery.ajax success)
	// errback is passed XHR, error, exception, resource (cf. jQuery.ajax error)
	"delete": function(callback, errback) {
		var self = this;
		var options = {
			url: this.route(),
			type: "DELETE",
			success: function(data, status, xhr) {
				callback(self, status, xhr);
			},
			error: function(xhr, error, exc) {
				errback(xhr, error, exc, self);
			}
		};
		if(this.ajaxSetup) {
			this.ajaxSetup(options);
		}
		return $.ajax(options);
	},
	// returns an object carrying only the essential information of the resource
	baseData: function() {
		var data = {},
			self = this;
		$.each(this.data, function(i, item) {
			var value = self[item];
			if(value !== undefined) {
				data[item] = value;
			}
		});
		return data;
	},
	// returns corresponding instance from a raw object (if applicable)
	parse: function(data) {
		return data;
	},
	// list of accepted keys in serialization
	data: [],
	// returns resource's URI
	route: function() {
		return supplant(tw.routes[this._type], this);
	}
});

var Container = function(type, name, host) {
	if(arguments.length) { // initialization
		tw.Resource.apply(this, [type, host]);
		this.name = name;
		this.desc = "";
		this.policy = new tw.Policy({});
	}
};
Container.prototype = new tw.Resource();
$.extend(Container.prototype, {
	tiddlers: function() {
		return new tw.TiddlerCollection(this);
	},
	parse: function(data) {
		var type = tw._capitalize(this._type),
			container = new tw[type](this.name, this.host);
		data.policy = new tw.Policy(data.policy);
		return $.extend(container, data);
	},
	data: ["desc", "policy"]
});

// attribs is an object whose members are merged into the instance (e.g. query)
tw.Collection = function(type, host, attribs) {
	if(arguments.length) { // initialization
		tw.Resource.apply(this, [type, host]);
		$.extend(this, attribs);
	}
};
tw.Collection.prototype = new tw.Resource();

tw.TiddlerCollection = function(container, tiddler) {
	if(arguments.length) { // initialization
		tw.Collection.apply(this, [tiddler ? "revisions" : "tiddlers"]);
		this.container = container || null;
		this.tiddler = tiddler || null;
	}
};
tw.TiddlerCollection.prototype = new tw.Collection();
$.extend(tw.TiddlerCollection.prototype, {
	parse: function(data) {
		var container = this.container;
		return $.map(data, function(item, i) {
			var tiddler = new tw.Tiddler(item.title, container),
				bag = item.bag;
			tiddler = tw.Tiddler.prototype.parse.apply(tiddler, [item]);
			if(!tiddler.bag && bag) { // XXX: bag always present!?
				tiddler.bag = new tw.Bag(bag, container.host);
			}
			if(!tiddler.recipe && item.recipe) {
				tiddler.recipe = new tw.Recipe(item.recipe, container.host);
			}
			delete item.recipe;
			return $.extend(tiddler, item);
		});
	},
	route: function() {
		var params = this.container;
		if(this.tiddler) {
			var container = this.tiddler.bag || this.tiddler.recipe;
			params = {
				_type: container._type,
				host: container.host,
				name: container.name,
				title: this.tiddler.title
			};
		}
		return supplant(tw.routes[this._type], params);
	}
});

tw.Search = function(query, host) {
	tw.Collection.apply(this, ["search", host]);
	this.query = query;
};
tw.Search.prototype = new tw.Collection();
$.extend(tw.Search.prototype, {
	parse: function(data) {
		this.container = { // XXX: hacky
			_type: "bag",
			host: this.host
		};
		var tiddlers = tw.TiddlerCollection.prototype.parse.apply(this, arguments);
		delete this.container;
		return tiddlers;
	}
});

// title is the name of the tiddler
// container (optional) is an instance of either Bag or Recipe
// optionally accepts a single object representing tiddler attributes
tw.Tiddler = function(title, container) {
	tw.Resource.apply(this, ["tiddler", false]);
	this.title = title;
	this.bag = container && container._type === "bag" ? container : null;
	this.recipe = container && container._type === "recipe" ? container : null;
	var self = this;
	$.each(this.data, function(i, item) {
		self[item] = undefined; // exposes list of standard attributes for inspectability
	});
	if(title && title.title) { // title is an object of tiddler attributes
		$.extend(this, title);
	}
};
tw.Tiddler.prototype = new tw.Resource();
$.extend(tw.Tiddler.prototype, {
	revisions: function() {
		return new tw.TiddlerCollection(this.bag || this.recipe, this);
	},
	route: function() {
		var container = this.bag || this.recipe;
		var params = $.extend({}, this, {
			host: container ? container.host : null,
			_type: this.bag ? "bag" : (this.recipe ? "recipe" : null),
			name: container ? container.name : null
		});
		return supplant(tw.routes[this._type], params);
	},
	parse: function(data) {
		var tiddler = new tw.Tiddler(this.title),
			container = this.bag || this.recipe;
		if(data.bag) {
			tiddler.bag = new tw.Bag(data.bag, container.host);
			delete data.bag;
		}
		delete data.recipe;
		tiddler.created = data.created ? convertTimestamp(data.created) : new Date();
		delete data.created;
		tiddler.modified = data.modified ? convertTimestamp(data.modified) : new Date();
		delete data.modified;
		if(this.recipe) {
			tiddler.recipe = this.recipe;
		}
		return $.extend(tiddler, data);
	},
	data: ["created", "creator", "modifier", "modified", "tags", "type", "text",
			"fields"],
	ajaxSetup: function(options) {
		var self = this;
		if(this.etag && (options.type === "PUT" || options.type === "DELETE")) {
			options.beforeSend = function(xhr) {
				xhr.setRequestHeader("If-Match", self.etag);
			};
		}
		if(options.type === "PUT") {
			var callback = options.success;
			options.success = function(data, status, xhr) {
				var loc = xhr.getResponseHeader("Location"),
					etag = xhr.getResponseHeader("Etag");
				if(loc && etag) {
					self.etag = etag;
					if(!self.bag) {
						var bag = loc.split("/bags/").pop().split("/")[0];
						self.bag = new tw.Bag(bag, self.recipe.host);
					}
					callback(self, status, xhr);
				} else { // IE
					self.get(callback, options.error);
				}
			};
		}
	}
});

tw.Revision = function(id, tiddler) {
	var container = tiddler.bag || tiddler.recipe;
	tw.Tiddler.apply(this, [tiddler.title, container]);
	this._type = "revision";
	this.revision = id;
};
tw.Revision.prototype = new tw.Tiddler();
$.extend(tw.Revision.prototype, {
	revisions: false,
	data: false,
	put: false,
	"delete": false
});

tw.Bag = function(name, host) {
	Container.apply(this, ["bag", name, host]);
};
tw.Bag.prototype = new Container();

tw.Recipe = function(name, host) {
	Container.apply(this, ["recipe", name, host]);
	this.recipe = [];
};
tw.Recipe.prototype = new Container();
$.extend(tw.Recipe.prototype, {
	data: ["recipe"].concat(Container.prototype.data)
});

tw.Policy = function(constraints) { // TODO: validation?
	var self = this;
	$.each(this.constraints, function(i, item) {
		self[item] = constraints[item];
	});
};
tw.Policy.prototype.constraints = ["read", "write", "create", "delete",
	"manage", "accept", "owner"];

/*
 * utilities
 */

tw._capitalize = function(str) {
	return str.charAt(0).toUpperCase() + str.slice(1);
};

// convert YYYYMMDDhhmmss timestamp to Date instance
convertTimestamp = function(t) {
	if (t.match(/^\d{12,17}$/)) {
		return new Date(Date.UTC(
			parseInt(t.substr(0, 4), 10),
			parseInt(t.substr(4, 2), 10) - 1,
			parseInt(t.substr(6, 2), 10),
			parseInt(t.substr(8, 2), 10),
			parseInt(t.substr(10, 2), 10),
			parseInt(t.substr(12, 2) || "0", 10),
			parseInt(t.substr(14, 3) || "0", 10)
		));
	} else {
		return new Date(Date.parse(t));
	}
};

// adapted from Crockford (http://javascript.crockford.com/remedial.html)
supplant = function(str, obj) {
	return str.replace(/{([^{}]*)}/g, function (a, b) {
		var r = obj[b];
		r = typeof r === "string" || typeof r === "number" ? r : a;
		return $.inArray(b, ["host", "query"]) !== -1 ? r : encodeURIComponent(r); // XXX: special-casing
	});
};

return tw;

}(jQuery));
//}}}
!startdata
This is a simple tool to display and annotate various features of a text. The idea is that someone can enter a text, then choose to annotate various features by clicking buttons. For the purposes of the development process, I'm going to use this text here to develop the code and structures. I'm happier prototyping than designing, so here we go,
!end startdata
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Teacher writes 1st chapter; groups prepare & propose  2nd chapter; one selected; iterate.
<<helloWorld andrew>>
/***
|''Name''|BinaryUploadPlugin|
|''Version''|0.3.16|
|''Author''|Ben Gillies and Jon Robson|
|''Type''|plugin|
|''Source''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace/raw/master/src/plugins/BinaryUploadPlugin.js|
|''Description''|Upload a binary file to TiddlyWeb|
|''CoreVersion''|2.6.1|
|''Requires''|TiddlySpaceConfig TiddlyWebConfig|
!Usage
{{{
<<binaryUpload bag:<name> edit:tags edit:title tags:<default tags> title:<title> >>
}}}
* {{{bag:<name>}}}: optional; if left out, the file will be saved to the current workspace
* {{{edit:tags}}}: specifies that you want to tag the file being uploaded
* {{{edit:title}}}: specifies that you want to set the title to something other than the filename
* {{{tags:<default tags>}}}: specifies a default set of tags to apply to the file (requires {{{edit:tags}}} to be set)
* {{{title:<title>}}}: predefines the title of the binary tiddler
!Requires
TiddlyWeb
tiddlywebplugins.form
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

var tiddlyspace = config.extensions.tiddlyspace;

var macro = config.macros.binaryUpload = {
	locale: {
		titleDefaultValue: "Please enter a title...",
		tagsDefaultValue: "Please enter some tags...",
		titlePrefix: "title: ",
		tagsPrefix: "tags: ",
		loadSuccess: 'Tiddler %0 successfully uploaded',
		loadError: "An error occurred when uploading the tiddler %0",
		uploadInProgress: "Please wait while the file is uploaded...",
		membersOnly: "Only members can upload."
	},
	renderInputFields: function(container, options) {
		var locale = macro.locale;
		var editableFields = options.edit;
		var includeFields = {
			tags:  editableFields && editableFields.contains("tags") ? true : false,
			title: editableFields && editableFields.contains("title") ? true : false
		};
		var fields = ["title", "tags"];
		for(var i = 0; i < fields.length; i++) {
			var fieldName = fields[i];
			var userDefault = options[fieldName];
			var defaultValue = userDefault ? userDefault[0] : false;
			if(includeFields[fieldName] || defaultValue) {
				var localeDefault = locale["%0DefaultValue".format(fieldName)];
				var className = defaultValue ? "userInput" : "userInput notEdited";
				var inputEl;
				var val = defaultValue || localeDefault || "";
				var iContainer = $("<div />").addClass("binaryUpload%0".format(fieldName)).
					appendTo(container);
				if(defaultValue && !includeFields[fieldName]) {
					var label = locale["%0Prefix".format(fieldName)];
					$("<span />").text(label).appendTo(iContainer);
					$("<span />").addClass("disabledInput").text(val).appendTo(iContainer);
					inputEl = $("<input />").attr("type", "hidden");
				} else {
					inputEl = $("<input />").attr("type", "text");
				}
				inputEl.attr("name", fieldName).
					addClass("%0Edit".format(fieldName)).
					val(val).addClass(className).appendTo(iContainer);
			}
		}
	},
	getTiddlerName: function(fileName) {
		var fStart = fileName.lastIndexOf("\\");
		var fStart2 = fileName.lastIndexOf("/");
		fStart = fStart < fStart2 ? fStart2 : fStart;
		fileName = fileName.substr(fStart+1);
		return fileName;
	},
	errorHandler: function(fileName) {
		displayMessage("upload of file %0 failed".format(fileName));
	},
	uploadFile: function(place, baseURL, workspace, options) {
		var pleaseWait = $(".uploadProgress", place);
		var iframeName = options.target;
		var form = $("form", place);
		var existingVal = $("input[name=title]", form).val();
		var fileName = existingVal || $('input:file', form).val();
		if(!fileName) {
			return false; // the user hasn't selected a file yet
		}
		fileName = macro.getTiddlerName(fileName);
		$("input[name=title]", place).val(fileName);
		// we need to go somewhere afterwards to ensure the onload event triggers
		var redirectTo = "/%0/tiddlers.txt?select=title:%1".
			format(workspace, fileName);
		var token = tiddlyspace ? tiddlyspace.getCSRFToken() : "";
		var action = "%0?csrf_token=%1&redirect=%2"
			.format(baseURL, token, redirectTo);
		form[0].action = action; // dont use jquery to work with ie
		form[0].target = iframeName;
		// do not refactor following line... won't work in IE6 otherwise
		$(place).append($('<iframe name="' + iframeName + '" id="' + iframeName + '"/>').css('display','none'));
		macro.iFrameLoader(iframeName, function() {
			var content = document.getElementById(iframeName).contentWindow.document.documentElement;
			if($(content).text().indexOf(fileName) > -1) {
				options.callback(place, fileName, workspace, baseURL);
			} else {
				macro.errorHandler(fileName);
			}
			form.show(1000);
			pleaseWait.hide(1000);
		});
		form.hide(1000);
		pleaseWait.show(1000);
		return true;
	},
	createUploadForm: function(place, options) {
		var locale = macro.locale;
		if(readOnly) {
			$('<div class="annotation" />').text(locale.membersOnly).
				appendTo(place);
			return;
		}
		var bag = options.bag;
		options.callback = options.callback ? options.callback :
			function(place, fileName, workspace, baseurl) {
				macro.displayFile(place, fileName, workspace);
				displayMessage(locale.loadSuccess.format(fileName));
				$("input[type=text]", place).val("");
			};
		var defaults = config.defaultCustomFields;
		place = $("<div />").addClass("container").appendTo(place)[0];
		var workspace = bag ? "bags/%0".format(bag) : config.defaultCustomFields["server.workspace"];
		var baseURL = defaults["server.host"];
		baseURL += (baseURL[baseURL.length - 1] !== "/") ? "/" : "";
		baseURL = "%0%1/tiddlers".format(baseURL, workspace);
		//create the upload form, complete with invisible iframe
		var iframeName = "binaryUploadiframe%0".format(Math.random());
		// do not refactor following line of code to work in IE6.
		var form = $('<form action="%0" method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data" />'.
					format(baseURL)).addClass("binaryUploadForm").
			appendTo(place)[0];
		macro.renderInputFields(form, options);
		$(form).
			append('<div class="binaryUploadFile"><input type="file" name="file" /></div>').
			append('<div class="binaryUploadSubmit"><input type="submit" value="Upload" disabled /></div>').
			submit(function(ev) {
				this.target = iframeName;
				options.target = iframeName;
				macro.uploadFile(place, baseURL, workspace, options);
			})
			.find('[type="file"]').bind('change', function() {
				$(form).find('[type="submit"]').prop('disabled', false);
			}).end();
		$('<div />').addClass("uploadProgress").text(locale.uploadInProgress).hide().appendTo(place);
		$("input[name=file]", place).change(function(ev) {
			var target = $(ev.target);
			var fileName = target.val();
			var title = $("input[type=text][name=title]", place);
			if(!title.val()) {
				title.val(fileName);
			}
		});
	},
	handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
		params = paramString.parseParams(null, null, true);
		macro.createUploadForm(place, params[0]);
	},
	iFrameLoader: function(iframeName, callback) {
		var iframe = document.getElementById(iframeName); //jQuery doesn't seem to want to do this!?
		var locale = macro.locale;
		$(".userInput").addClass("notEdited"); // reset editing
		var finishedLoading = function() {
			callback();
		};
		var iFrameLoadHandler = function() {
			finishedLoading.apply();
			return;
		};

		iframe.onload = iFrameLoadHandler;
		//IE
		completeReadyStateChanges = 0;
		iframe.onreadystatechange = function() {
			if (++(completeReadyStateChanges) == 3) {
				iFrameLoadHandler();
			}
		};
	},
	displayFile: function(place, title, workspace) {
		var adaptor = store.getTiddlers()[0].getAdaptor();
		var context = {
			workspace: workspace,
			host: config.defaultCustomFields['server.host']
		};
		adaptor.getTiddler(title, context, null, function(context) {
			if(context.status) {
				store.addTiddler(context.tiddler);
				story.displayTiddler(place, title);
				var image = config.macros.image;
				if(image && image.refreshImage) {
					image.refreshImage("/%0/tiddlers/%1".format(workspace, title));
					image.refreshImage(title);
					image.refreshImage("/%0".format(title));
					image.refreshImage("%0/%1/tiddlers/%2".format(config.extensions.tiddlyweb.host, workspace, title));
				}
			} else {
				displayMessage(macro.locale.loadError.format(title));
			}
		});
	}
};

if(tiddlyspace) {
	config.macros.binaryUploadPublic = {
		handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
			var options = paramString.parseParams(null, null, true)[0];
			var bag = tiddlyspace.getCurrentBag("public");
			options.bag = bag;
			macro.createUploadForm(place, options);
		}
	};
	config.messages.privacySetting = config.options.chkPrivateMode ?
		"private" : "public";
	config.macros.binaryUpload.defaultWorkspace = tiddlyspace.
		getCurrentWorkspace(config.messages.privacySetting);
}

})(jQuery);
//}}}
i'm going to use [[html]], [[css]] and [[javascript]] (as per Stark's book Building Android Apps)
That also means using [[jQuery|http://jsquery.com]]
[[Documentation]] will be through this TW

Finally, I think, I've settled on a web-platform. Looking at [[organisational issues]], I think a browser based solution allows the most optimism.

[[Boot2Gecko]] and [[Chromium]] are influencing me here. Plus, [[W8]] and its impact on the phone/tablet space. It's too much for micro-development; too many platforms.
James, C. and Garrett, P. (1991) The scope of language awareness. In C. James and P. Garrett (eds) //Language Awareness in the Classroom.// Harlow: Longman.

One of the seminal - at least, oft-cited - papers on the idea of language awareness, broadly that students learn better when they explicitly or consciously formulate questions and/or theories about the language they are learning. This is in contradistinction to [[Skinner|http://philph.tiddlyspace.com/#SkinnerNotes]]-influenced behavioural theories of language acquisition and also to [[Chomsky|http://philph.tiddlyspace.com/#ChomskyNotes]]-esque and [[Kraschen|http://philph.tiddlyspace.com/#KraschenNotes]]-ist theories of unconscious acquisition.

Language awareness is intuitively appealing, and has some experimental support. However, a number of longitudinal studies provide underwhelming support. See [[Roehr, K. 2004]] for a discussion.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
	<meta charset="utf-8"/>
	<title>TiddlySpace Apps</title>
	<link rel="stylesheet" href="/bags/common/tiddlers/reset.css" />
	<link rel="stylesheet" href="/bags/common/tiddlers/appspage.css" />
	<!--[if lt IE 7 ]>
	<link rel="stylesheet" href="/bags/common/tiddlers/appspageie6.css" />
	<![endif]-->
</head>
<body>
	
	<div id="wrapper">
		<div id="TSbar"></div>
		<div id="main-content">
			<div id="space-details">
				<a href="/_space"><img class="siteicon"></a>
				<div id="title-subtitle">
					<h1 class="spaceaddress">
						<span class="spaceName"></span><span class="hostName"></span>
					</h1>
					<p class="tagline"><span class="subTitle"></span><a class="managespaces" href="/_space">manage space</a></p>
				</div>
			</div>
			<div id="holder">
				<div id="appswitcher-wrapper">
					<div id="appswitcher">
						<h2>Your Apps</h2>
						<ul id="app-list">
							<li class="htmlserialisation">
								<a href="/tiddlers.html?select=tag:!excludeLists;sort=-modified">
									<img src="/bags/common/tiddlers/browse_read_blue.png" alt="Icon for the HTML Serialisation" class="app-img" />
									BROWSE
								</a>
							</li>
							<li class="tiddlywiki">
								<a href="/tiddlers.wiki">
									<img src="/bags/common/tiddlers/tiddlywiki2_blue.png" alt="Icon for TiddlyWiki" class="app-img" />
									TIDDLYWIKI
								</a>
							</li>
						</ul>
						<div id="addapp">
							<button class="inactive">Add More!</button>
						</div>
					</div>
					<div id="app-desc">
						<ul>
							<li class="htmlserialisationdesc"><p>an easy to understand HTML representation of your content.</p></li>
							<li class="tiddlywikidesc"><p>use TiddlyWiki to create, edit and organise your content.</p></li>
						</ul>
					</div>
					<div style="clear: both;"></div>
				</div>
			</div>
		</div>
		<div id="footer"><!-- ie doesn't support footer tag -->
			<div id="footer-content">
				<div class="links">
					<a href="http://blog.tiddlyspace.com">blog</a>
					<a href="http://featured.tiddlyspace.com">featured</a>
					<a href="http://docs.tiddlyspace.com">documentation</a>
					<a href="https://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace">source</a>
				</div>
				<p>TiddlySpace 2011, created by <a href="http://osmosoft.com">Osmosoft</a></p>
			</div>
		</div>
	</div>
	
	<script type="text/javascript" src="/bags/common/tiddlers/backstage.js"></script>
	<script type="text/javascript" src="/bags/common/tiddlers/jquery.js"></script>
	<script type="text/javascript" src="/bags/tiddlyspace/tiddlers/chrjs"></script>
	<script type="text/javascript" src="/bags/common/tiddlers/chrjs-store.js"></script>
	<script type="text/javascript" src="/bags/common/tiddlers/jquery-json.js"></script>
	<script type="text/javascript" src="/bags/common/tiddlers/appspage.js"></script>
</body>
</html>
<!--{{{-->
<div class='header'>
	<div id='sidebarSearch'>
		<span macro='search'></span>
	</div>
	<div class='headerForeground'>
		<span class='siteTitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteTitle'></span>
		<span class='siteSubtitle' refresh='content' tiddler='SiteSubtitle'></span>
	</div>
	<div class='clearFloat'></div>
</div>

<div id='menuBar'>
	<div id='mainMenu' refresh='content' tiddler='MainMenu'></div>
	<div id='sidebarOptions' refresh='content' tiddler='SideBarOptions'></div>
</div>
<div id='displayArea'>
	<div id='messageArea'></div>
	<div id='tiddlerDisplay'></div>
	<div id='sidebarTabs' refresh='content' force='true' tiddler='SideBarTabs'></div>
</div>
<!--}}}-->
An international student can study English for 12 months before moving on to further educational study, typically requiring a minimum of IELTS 6.5 for the tertiary sector. The issued visa covers both the English and tertiary study, and such visas are routinely issued to students with no knowledge of English. The issue of one visa for both study periods constitutes an expectation that it is possible to acquire tertiary-level English from a starting point of nothing within 12 months. 
This going to be the major documentation of JQTouch in the world!

The app needs to be designed first. Think one screen per function and one window per screen. Then, in the single html file that constitutes the app, each div that is a direct descendant of the body represents one page.

JQTouch supports a number of classes which correspond to functionality and design elements.
#edgetoedge
#plastic
#metal
#arrow
#button 
##leftbutton
### it's blue...
##button back
##button slideup
##button cancel
##//colour// button
#rounded
#submit - handles keyboard animation by removing cursor from input field (use with forms)

JQTouch appears to mainly handle screen partitioning via the unordered list.

...so, it's simple but ingenious...
/***
|''Name''|TiddlySpaceInitialization|
|''Version''|0.7.3|
|''Description''|Initializes new TiddlySpaces the first time they are created|
|''Status''|@@beta@@|
|''Source''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace/blob/master/src/plugins/TiddlySpaceInit.js|
|''CoreVersion''|2.6.1|
|''Requires''|TiddlySpaceConfig RandomColorPalettePlugin chrjs ImageMacroPlugin|
!TODO
* robust error notification and recovery
!MarkupPreHead
<!--{{{-->
<link href="/bags/%0_public/tiddlers.atom" rel="alternate"
	type="application/atom+xml" title="%0's public feed" />
<link rel="canonical" href="%1/" />
<!--}}}-->
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

var versionField = "tiddlyspaceinit_version";
var markupPreHead = store.getTiddlerText(tiddler.title + "##MarkupPreHead", "");
var tiddlyspace = config.extensions.tiddlyspace;
var currentSpace = tiddlyspace.currentSpace;
var tweb = config.extensions.tiddlyweb;

var plugin = config.extensions.TiddlySpaceInit = {
	version: "0.6",
	SiteTitle: "%0",
	SiteSubtitle: "a TiddlySpace",
	flagTitle: "%0SetupFlag",
	flagWarning: "Please do not modify this tiddler; it was created " +
		"automatically upon space creation.",

	dispatch: function(ev) {
		var title = plugin.flagTitle.format([currentSpace.name]);
		config.annotations[title] = plugin.flagWarning;
		if(currentSpace.type != "private") {
			return;
		}
		var tiddlers = [];
		var tid = store.getTiddler(title);
		if(tid) {
			curVersion = parseFloat(tid.fields[versionField]);
			reqVersion = parseFloat(plugin.version);
			if(curVersion < reqVersion) {
				plugin.update(curVersion, tid);
				tid.fields[versionField] = plugin.version;
				tid.incChangeCount();
				tid = store.saveTiddler(tid);
				tiddlers.push(tid);
			}
		} else { // first run
			tid = new Tiddler(title);
			tid.tags = ["excludeLists", "excludeSearch", "excludePublisher"];
			tid.fields = $.extend({}, config.defaultCustomFields);
			tid.fields[versionField] = plugin.version;
			tid.text = "@@%0@@".format([plugin.flagWarning]);
			tid = store.saveTiddler(tid);
			tiddlers = tiddlers.concat(plugin.firstRun(), tid);
		}
		autoSaveChanges(null, tiddlers);
	},
	update: function(curVersion, flagTiddler) {
		if(curVersion < 0.2) {
			this.createAvatar();
		}
		if(curVersion < 0.3) {
			flagTiddler.tags.pushUnique("excludePublisher"); // XXX: never persisted
		}
		if(curVersion < 0.5) { // v0.4 was faulty
			this.setupMarkupPreHead();
		}
		if(curVersion < 0.6) {
			this.purgeSystemSettings();
		}
	},
	pubTid: {
		tags: ["excludeLists", "excludeSearch"],
		fields: $.extend({}, config.defaultCustomFields, {
			"server.workspace": tiddlyspace.getCurrentWorkspace("public")
		})
	},
	makeTiddlerIfNot: function(tiddler) {
		if (!store.tiddlerExists(tiddler.title)) {
			$.extend(true, tiddler, plugin.pubTid);
			return [store.saveTiddler(tiddler)];
		} else {
			return [];
		}
	},
	firstRun: function() {
		var tiddlers = [];
		// generate Site*itle
		$.each(["SiteTitle", "SiteSubtitle"], function(i, item) {
			var tid = new Tiddler(item);
			tid.text = plugin[item].format([currentSpace.name]);
			tiddlers.push.apply(tiddlers,
				plugin.makeTiddlerIfNot(tid));
		});
		// generate public ColorPalette
		var tid = new Tiddler("ColorPalette");
		tid.text = config.macros.RandomColorPalette.generatePalette({
			saturation_pale: 0.67, saturation_light: 0.53,
			saturation_mid: 0.43, saturation_dark: 0.06,
			pale: 0.99, light: 0.85, mid: 0.5, dark: 0.31
		},
			false);
		tiddlers.push.apply(tiddlers, plugin.makeTiddlerIfNot(tid));
		this.createAvatar();
		this.setupMarkupPreHead();
		return tiddlers;
	},
	// remove _cookie slices (TiddlyWiki 2.6.2 beta 6 remnants)
	purgeSystemSettings: function() {
		var ss = store.getTiddler("SystemSettings");
		if(ss) {
			var lines = ss.text.split("\n");
			var persistentOptions = $.grep(lines, function(line, i) {
				return line.indexOf("_cookie:") == -1;
			});
			ss.text = persistentOptions.join("\n");
			ss = store.saveTiddler(ss);
			autoSaveChanges(null, [ss]);
		}
	},
	createAvatar: function() {
		var avatar = "SiteIcon";
		var host = tweb.host;
		var notify = function(xhr, error, exc) {
			displayMessage("ERROR: could not create avatar - " + // TODO: i18n
				"%0: %1".format([xhr.statusText, xhr.responseText]));
			// TODO: resolve!?
		};

		var pubBag = tiddlyspace.getCurrentBag("public");
		var tid = new tiddlyweb.Tiddler(avatar);
		tid.bag = new tiddlyweb.Bag(pubBag, host);

		var callback = function(data, status, xhr) {}; // avatar already exists; do nothing
		var errback = function(xhr, error, exc) {
			if(xhr.status != 404) {
				return;
			}
			// copy default avatar
			var _notify = function(tid, status, xhr) {
				displayMessage("created avatar"); // TODO: i18n
				var image = config.macros.image;
				if(image && image.refreshImage) {
					var uri = "/%0/tiddlers/SiteIcon".
						format(tiddlyspace.getCurrentWorkspace("public"));
					image.refreshImage(uri);
					image.refreshImage("SiteIcon");
				}
			};
			var _callback = function(tid, status, xhr) {
				tid.title = avatar;
				tid.bag.name = pubBag;
				delete tid.etag;
				tid.put(_notify, notify); // TODO: add to current session document (via adaptor?)
			};
			tweb.getUserInfo(function(user) {
				var avatarTitle = currentSpace.name == user.name ?
					"defaultUserIcon" : "defaultSiteIcon";
				var tid = new tiddlyweb.Tiddler(avatarTitle);
				tid.bag = new tiddlyweb.Bag("common", host);
				tid.get(_callback, notify);
			});
		};
		tid.get(callback, errback);
	},
	savePublicTiddlerText: function(title, text, pubWorkspace) {
		var tid = new Tiddler(title);
		tid.text = text;
		tid.tags = ["excludeLists"];
		tid.fields = $.extend({}, config.defaultCustomFields);
		tid.fields["server.workspace"] = pubWorkspace;
		tid.fields["server.page.revision"] = "false";
		tid = store.saveTiddler(tid);
		autoSaveChanges(null, [tid]);
	},
	setupMarkupPreHead: function() {
		var pubWorkspace = tiddlyspace.getCurrentWorkspace("public");
		var existing = store.getTiddler("MarkupPreHead");
		if(!existing || existing.fields["server.workspace"] != pubWorkspace) {
			var context = this;
			tweb.getStatus(function(status) {
				var text = markupPreHead.format(currentSpace.name,
					tiddlyspace.getHost(status.server_host, currentSpace.name));
				context.savePublicTiddlerText("MarkupPreHead", text,
					pubWorkspace);
			});
		}
		// also set up DefaultTiddlers
		var title = "DefaultTiddlers";
		existing = store.getTiddler(title) || new Tiddler(title);
		if(existing.fields["server.workspace"] != pubWorkspace) {
			var text = existing.text || store.getShadowTiddlerText(title);
			this.savePublicTiddlerText(title, text, pubWorkspace);
		}
	}
};

$(document).bind("startup", plugin.dispatch);

})(jQuery);
//}}}
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
Ismail, J. 2001 The design of an e-learning system: Beyond the hype //Internet and Higher Education// Vol. 4  pp.329–336

"LMS have failed through a lack of learning objects" - perhaps a more nuanced evaluation would be that LMS's are a trivial and simplistic-to-a-point-of-failure implementations of e-learning. What is required is a significantly more complex infrastructure. Draws heavily on <html><span title="Institute of Electrical and Elctronics Engineers">IEEE</span></html> documents.
#Strategy - define & document the "value" of each activity in the process
##common conceptual language
##governing principles
##creation of content
##learner profiles
##standards driven technical infrastructure
#Framework
##Roles
###Learner
###Instructor/Subject matter expert
###Performance manager/Instructional designer
###Content developer/Media developer
##Processes
###Delivery/Collaboration/Evaluation
###Library/Records
###Content Production/Student Management
###Competency Management/Learning Management
#Systems
##Learning Design System
##Learning Content Management System
##Learning Support System
##Learning Management System
###interaction between students/"experts"

/***
|''Name:''|TiddlySpaceLinkPlugin|
|''Description:''|Formatter to reference other spaces from wikitext |
|''Author:''|PaulDowney (psd (at) osmosoft (dot) com) |
|''Source:''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace/raw/master/src/plugins/TiddlySpaceLinkPlugin.js|
|''Version:''|1.4.2|
|''License:''|[[BSD License|http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php]] |
|''Comments:''|Please make comments at http://groups.google.co.uk/group/TiddlyWikiDev |
|''~CoreVersion:''|2.4|
!!Documentation
This plugin provides wikitext formatters for referencing another [[space|Space]] on the same TiddlySpace server, as in the following examples:
<<<
  {{{@space}}} -- @space 
  {{{~@space}}} -- ~@space 
  {{{Tiddler@space}}} -- Tiddler@space
  {{{[[Tiddler Title]]@space}}} -- [[Tiddler Title]]@space 
  {{{[[Link text|Tiddler Title]]@space}}} -- [[Link text|Tiddler Title]]@space
<<<
Links to tiddlers with a title begining with an "@" remain as tiddlyLinks:
<<<
  {{{[[@tiddler]]}}} -- [[@tiddler]]
<<<
and these may be changed into a space link using {{{@@}}}:
<<<
  {{{[[@@space]]}}} -- [[@@space]]
  {{{[[Link to an another space|@@space]]}}} -- [[Link to another space|@@space]]
  {{{[[@space|@@space]]}}} -- [[@space|@@space]]
<<<
TiddlySpace includes the [[TiddlySpaceLinkPlugin]] which provides WikiText markup for linking to other spaces on the same server. For example @glossary is a link to the {{{glossary}}} space and [[Small Trusted Group]]@glossary a link to an individual tiddler in the @glossary space. Prefixing the link with a tilde escapes the link, for example {{{~@space}}}.
Email addresses, for example joe.bloggs@example.com and mary@had.a.little.lamb.org should be unaffected.
!!Features
The plugin provides external links decorated so that other plugins may be included to add features such as the ability to dynamically pull externally linked tiddlers into the current TiddlyWiki.
Wikitext linking to a space on another server, for example from a tiddler in a space on tiddlyspace.com to a tiddler or a space on example.com, isn't currently supported. 
!!Code
***/
//{{{
/*jslint onevar: false nomen: false plusplus: false */
/*global jQuery config createTiddlyText createExternalLink createTiddlyLink */

function createSpaceLink(place, spaceName, title, alt, isBag) {
	var link, a, currentSpaceName, label;
	try {
		if (spaceName === config.extensions.tiddlyspace.currentSpace.name) {
			title = title || spaceName;
			a = createTiddlyLink(place, title, false);
			jQuery(a).text(alt || title);
			return a;
		}
	} catch (ex1) {
		currentSpaceName = false;
	}

	a = jQuery("<a />").addClass('tiddlySpaceLink externalLink').appendTo(place)[0];
	if(title) {
		jQuery(a).attr('tiddler', title);
	}
	if(isBag) {
		jQuery(a).attr('bag', spaceName);
	} else {
		jQuery(a).attr('tiddlyspace', spaceName);
	}

	config.extensions.tiddlyweb.getStatus(function(status) {
		link = status.server_host.url;
		if (title) {
			label = alt || title;
			link = link + "/" + encodeURIComponent(title);
		} else {
			label = alt || spaceName;
		}
		// assumes a http URI without user:pass@ prefix
		if(!isBag) {
			link = link.replace("http://", "http://" + spaceName.toLowerCase() + ".");
		} else {
			link += "/bags/" + spaceName + "/tiddlers.wiki";
		}
		jQuery(a).attr("href", link).text(label);
	});
	return a;
}

(function ($) {

	config.textPrimitives.spaceName = "[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9-]*[a-zA-Z0-9]";
	config.textPrimitives.spaceNameStrict = "[a-z][a-z0-9-]*";
	config.textPrimitives.bareTiddlerLetter = config.textPrimitives.anyLetterStrict;

	config.formatters.splice(0, 0, {
		name: "spacenameLink",
		match: config.textPrimitives.unWikiLink + "?" + config.textPrimitives.bareTiddlerLetter + "*@" + config.textPrimitives.spaceName + "\\.?.?",
		lookaheadRegExp: new RegExp(config.textPrimitives.unWikiLink + "?(" + config.textPrimitives.bareTiddlerLetter + "*)@(" + config.textPrimitives.spaceName + ")", "mg"),
		handler: function (w) {
			if (w.matchText.substr(w.matchText.length - 2, 1) === '.' && w.matchText.substr(w.matchText.length - 1, 1).match(/[a-zA-Z]/)) {
				w.outputText(w.output, w.matchStart, w.nextMatch);
				return;
			}
			if (w.matchText.substr(0, 1) === config.textPrimitives.unWikiLink) {
				w.outputText(w.output, w.matchStart + 1, w.nextMatch);
				return;
			}
			this.lookaheadRegExp.lastIndex = w.matchStart;
			var lookaheadMatch = this.lookaheadRegExp.exec(w.source);
			if (lookaheadMatch && lookaheadMatch.index === w.matchStart) {
				createSpaceLink(w.output, lookaheadMatch[2], lookaheadMatch[1]);
				w.nextMatch = this.lookaheadRegExp.lastIndex;
			}
		}
	},
	{
		name: "tiddlySpaceLink",
		match: "\\[\\[[^\\|\\]]*\\|*@@" + config.textPrimitives.spaceName + "\\]",
		lookaheadRegExp: new RegExp("\\[\\[(.*?)(?:\\|@@(.*?))?\\]\\]", "mg"),
		handler: function (w) {
			this.lookaheadRegExp.lastIndex = w.matchStart;
			var lookaheadMatch = this.lookaheadRegExp.exec(w.source);
			if (lookaheadMatch && lookaheadMatch.index === w.matchStart) {
				var alt = lookaheadMatch[2] ? lookaheadMatch[1] : lookaheadMatch[1].replace(/^@@/, "");
				var space = lookaheadMatch[2] || alt;
				createSpaceLink(w.output, space, "", alt);
				w.nextMatch = this.lookaheadRegExp.lastIndex;
			}
		}
	},
	{
		name: "tiddlyLinkSpacenameLink",
		match: "\\[\\[[^\\[]*\\]\\]@",
		lookaheadRegExp: new RegExp("\\[\\[(.*?)(?:\\|(.*?))?\\]\\]@(" + config.textPrimitives.spaceName + ")", "mg"),
		handler: function (w) {
			this.lookaheadRegExp.lastIndex = w.matchStart;
			var lookaheadMatch = this.lookaheadRegExp.exec(w.source);
			if (lookaheadMatch && lookaheadMatch.index === w.matchStart) {
				var title = lookaheadMatch[2] || lookaheadMatch[1];
				var alt = lookaheadMatch[1] || lookaheadMatch[2];
				createSpaceLink(w.output, lookaheadMatch[3], title, alt);
				w.nextMatch = this.lookaheadRegExp.lastIndex;
			}
		}
	});

	// ensure space links don't appear as missing links
	config.textPrimitives.brackettedLink = "\\[\\[([^\\]][^@\\]][^\\]]*)\\]\\](?=[^@])";
	config.textPrimitives.titledBrackettedLink = "\\[\\[([^\\[\\]\\|]+)\\|([^\\[\\]\\|]+)\\]\\](?=[^@])";

	// reevaluate derrived expressions ..
	config.textPrimitives.tiddlerForcedLinkRegExp = new RegExp("(?:" + config.textPrimitives.titledBrackettedLink + ")|(?:" +
		config.textPrimitives.brackettedLink + ")|(?:" +
		config.textPrimitives.urlPattern + ")","mg");
	config.textPrimitives.tiddlerAnyLinkRegExp = new RegExp("("+ config.textPrimitives.wikiLink + ")|(?:" +
		config.textPrimitives.titledBrackettedLink + ")|(?:" +
		config.textPrimitives.brackettedLink + ")|(?:" +
		config.textPrimitives.urlPattern + ")","mg");

	// treat space links in titledBracketedLink as external links
	var missingTiddlySpaceLink = new RegExp("^@@" + config.textPrimitives.spaceName + "$", "");
	var isExternalLink = config.formatterHelpers.isExternalLink;
	config.formatterHelpers.isExternalLink = function(link) {
		return missingTiddlySpaceLink.test(link) || isExternalLink(link);
	};

}(jQuery));
//}}}
This is a very good overview paper from a theoretical perspective. Broadly the authors' goal is to create a model which allows the visualisation of the relationship between theoretical perspectives & practitioner experiences.

Three broad learning theories:
#Behavioural
#Constructivist
#Socio-cultural
Four learning practices:
#Experiential Learning Cycle (Kolb)
# Reflection and Learning (Jarvis)
#Conversational (Laurillard)
#Higher Education (Barnet)

(parenthetically, a useful continuum of //theory->model->toolkit->wizard// is hypothesised)

|Behaviourism|stimulus-response;trial-error;observable outcomes|Skinner;Tennant|
|Cognitivism|internal cognitive strucures;human development;communication, explanation, recombination, contrast, inference, problem solving|Anderson;Wenger;Hutchins;Piaget|
|Constructivism|learner driven; task-orientated|Papert;Duffy & Jonassen|
|Activity-based|activities as historically constituted entities;bridge gap between developmental state and activity as historo-culturally defined (language as example)|Vygotsky;Wertsch;Engestrom|
|Socially-situated|learning as social participation;imitation and modelling; language has 2 functions - communicative & internal;knowledge is competence in valued enterprise|Mercer;Vygotsky;Laurillard;Lave;Wenger|
|Experiential|Learning is transformation of experience into knowledge, skill, attitudes; Reflection transforms experience|Dewy;Kolb;Jarvis|
|Systems-theory|Organisational learning|Senge;Laurillard|

Canole et. al. extract 6 components, or shared features from these theories. They are:
#@@color:red;Individual@@
#@@color:red;Social@@
#@@color:blue;Experience@@
#@@color:blue;Information@@
#@@color:green;Reflective@@
#@@color:green;Non-reflective@@ (IMO, this is a "suspicious" heading - why is it the only oppositionally defined component?)
 
They go on to suggest these can be used as continuums, in the pairs suggested above. The continuums can be used as axes to map a three-dimensional space (called by the authors a cube) or to label the vertices of an octahedron. Why they want to do this, rather than the points of a network diagram (which appears to be how they use the octahedron) I do not know. As a network diagram, the model purports to effectively represent the step-by-step approach of various learning theories. (The explanation of this shows a poor understanding of Skinner).

Finally, using Kuutti's Activity Theory terminology, they work through a couple of examples. (how Kuutti applies isn't all that clear)
#Activity
##Outline
##Identify stages
##Identify outcomes
#Context
##Nature of learner
##Context
##Other learners
##Tutors
##Other factors/constraints
##@@color:red;Preferred pedagogical approach@@
#Actions
##Identify mini-learning activities (what stops the recursion?)
##Identify potential tools and resources
#Co-ordinating Actions
##@@color:red; Mapping mini activities to pedagogical approach@@
##Selection of mini-activities, tools, resources
##@@color:red;Final pedagogical profile@@

//red indicates the use of the model outlined in this paper in the overall ID process//
/%get this book%/
Principles of Instructional Design, 5th Edition, by Robert M. Gagne, Walter W. Wager, Katharine C. Golas, and John M. Keller

CALLA Handbook: Implementing the Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach, Anna Uhl Chamot and J. Michael O’Malley (1994)
Reading, MA: ~Addison-Wesley Publishing Company
|~ViewToolbar|+editTiddler +cloneTiddler > fields refreshTiddler changeToPublic changeToPrivate revisions syncing permalink references jump closeOthers < closeTiddler|
|~EditToolbar|+saveTiddler saveDraft -cancelTiddler deleteTiddler|
|~RevisionToolbar|> fields revert|
//{{{
 config.macros.helloWorld = {
   handler: function (place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
     // this will run when macro is called from a tiddler
     var who = params[0] || 'world';
     wikify('Hello //' + who + '// from the "' + macroName + '" macro in tiddler [[' + tiddler.title + ']].', place);
   }
 };
//}}}
Englert, C.S., Zhao, Y. Collings, N., Romig, N. 2005 Learning to Read Words: The Effects of ~Internet-Based Software on the Improvement of Reading Performance
//Remedial and Special Education// Vol 26 pp.357-371

Context is infants with learning difficulties. Main activities spelling and word-recognition through //cloze// exercises. Some discussion of context-driven recognition. Results inconclusive but suggestive that technology may have resulted in improved performance. Supplemental activities only.

Misleadingly labelled as "Internet-based"; the internet was irrelevant to the experiment and discussion of results. Bandwagon jumping.

It's clear that this term is far too vague to be useful. Does it include storing data digitally? By students and/or teachers? Is digital research part of it? Learning to use digitally networked resources? The elimination of the human teacher, or the substantial modification of their role? Every e-learning project needs to carefully consider what it is trying to achieve. An institutional response to e-learning must be very flexible if it wants to avoid grinding to an irrelevant halt.

I believe that it will not be possible to avoid massive fragmentation in the e-learning sphere, therefore the institutional response has to be - "How can we deal with fragmentation?"
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
Levy, M. 1990 Concordances and their integration into a word-processing environment for language learners //System// 18(2) pp.177-188

Suggests that the main use of the concordance is a kind of exploratory device. One problem with using the concordance as a corrective tool is that the underlying corpus would have to be very tightly controlled for genre & register to match a student's compositional task.

#KWIC
##Analyse student texts
##Prepare teaching materials-Illustration
##Prepare teaching materials-student investigation
##Distinguish between commonly confused words
#Analyse frequency
#Genre specific concordances
#Exercise generation

Concordance output needs to be controlled to avoid overwhelming students with detail. This could happen on a number of dimensions; genre; level of difficulty; length of text; origin of text; etc.

#Simple searches
#Wildcard searches
#Logical searches
#"Within /n" searches

A number of general observations about extant corpora and their composition are made. The possibility of integrating a corpus-checker into a word-processing program is canvassed with optimism.


In the [[speech recognition]] space, and also in the [[TTS]] space, a lot of vendors are handing off compute intensive tasks like speech-recognition to the cloud, and returning a result. Both Siri on Apple, and Google on [[Android]] do this.
a TiddlySpace
A question arises about the nature, or pehaps the definition, of software. It's unproblematic that if I write a program in, say, Java, that I'm a programmer developing software. To do so, I'll probably make use of a number of programs/tools developed by somebody else, not least an editor and a class library. In fact, it's reasonable to cast Java as a tool, as well.

Spreadsheet software is a tool which makes programming covert. How about presentation software? Is the use of presentation software a kind of programming? I would say that it is; hence a teacher developing an educational program using presentation software is acting as a programmer/user.

Can I say that any structured, sequenced set of digital codes is a program? There's two reasons I want to say that: firstly, to subvert the common organisational idea that tool use is transparent - an idea that might explain the minimal resources invested in training and consequent low quality output from said tools, and secondly, by constituing the teacher as software developer we can then ask, "Why is the client (student) invisible?".  
Paus, T., 2005 Mapping brain maturation and cognitive development during adolesence, //Trends in Cognitive Science//, 9-2, pp.60-68

Among other things, on the dificulty of establishing the point of "decline" of certain mental faculties....
/***
|''Name''|TiddlySpaceRevisionView|
|''Description''|Show tiddler revisions in a stack of cards view|
|''Author''|BenGillies|
|''Version''|0.2.0|
|''Status''|beta|
|''Source''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace|
|''CodeRepository''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace|
|''License''|[[BSD|http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php]]|
|''CoreVersion''|2.6.0|
|''Requires''|TiddlyWebAdaptor|
!Usage
The viewRevisions macro can be attached to any element, which should be passed
in as a parameter.

For example:

&lt;&lt;viewRevisions page:10 link:"<<view modified date>>"&gt;&gt;

would show the revisions "stack of cards" view, 10 at a time, when the modified
date is clicked.
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

var me = config.macros.viewRevisions = {
	revisionTemplate: "RevisionTemplate",
	revSuffix: " [rev. #%0]", // text to append to each tiddler title
	defaultPageSize: 5, // default number of revisions to show
	defaultLinkText: "View Revisions", // when there's nothing else to use
	offsetTop: 30, // in px
	offsetLeft: 10, // in px
	shiftDownDelay: 50, // in ms
	visibleSlideAmount: 20, // amount of revisions to show on left hand edge after sliding
	zIndex: 100, // default z-index
	handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
		params = paramString.parseParams(null, null, true)[0];
		var tiddlerElem = story.findContainingTiddler(place);

		var revButton;
		var pageSize = parseInt(params.page[0], 10) || me.defaultPageSize;
		var linkObj = params.link ? params.link[0] || me.defaultLinkText : false;
		if(linkObj) {
			revButton = $('<span class="button openRevisions" />')
				.appendTo(place);
			wikify(linkObj, revButton[0], null, tiddler);
		} else {
			revButton = place;
		}

		$(revButton).click(function() {
			if (!$(tiddlerElem).hasClass("revisions")) {
				me.showRevisions(tiddlerElem, tiddler, pageSize);
			} else {
				me.closeRevisions(tiddlerElem);
			}
		});
	},

	// initialisation for revision view
	showRevisions: function(tiddlerElem, tiddler, pageSize) {
		var context = {
			host: tiddler.fields["server.host"],
			workspace: tiddler.fields["server.workspace"]
		};
		$(tiddlerElem).addClass("revisions").attr("revName", tiddler.title);
		// ensure toolbar commands deactivate RevisionsView
		$("a", ".toolbar", tiddlerElem).each(function(index, btn) {
			var _onclick = btn.onclick;
			btn.onclick = function(e) {
				me.closeRevisions(tiddlerElem);
				_onclick.apply(this, arguments);
			};
		});
		// ensure default action deactivates RevisionsView
		var _ondblclick = tiddlerElem.ondblclick;
		tiddlerElem.ondblclick = function(e) {
			me.closeRevisions(tiddlerElem);
			_ondblclick.apply(this, arguments);
		};
		var type = tiddler.fields["server.type"];
		var adaptor = new config.adaptors[type]();
		var userParams = {
			tiddlerElem: tiddlerElem,
			pageSize: pageSize,
			title: tiddler.title
		};
		me.createCloak(tiddlerElem);
		adaptor.getTiddlerRevisionList(tiddler.title, null, context, userParams,
				function(context, userParams) {
					// strip the current revision
					context.revisions.shift();
					me.expandStack(context, userParams);
				});
	},

	// fetch the actual revision and put it in the tiddler div
	showRevision: function(place, revision, callback) {
		var context = {
			host: revision.fields["server.host"],
			workspace: revision.fields["server.workspace"]
		};
		var userParams = {
			revElem: place
		};
		var type = revision.fields["server.type"];
		var adaptor = new config.adaptors[type]();
		var revNo = revision.fields["server.page.revision"];
		adaptor.getTiddlerRevision(revision.title, revNo, context, userParams,
			function(context, userParams) {
				var tiddler = context.tiddler;
				tiddler.title += me.revSuffix
					.format([$(place).attr("revision")]);
				tiddler.fields.doNotSave = true;
				if (store.getTiddler(tiddler.title)) {
					store.deleteTiddler(tiddler.title);
				}
				store.addTiddler(tiddler);

				//now, populate the existing div
				var revElem = userParams.revElem;
				$(revElem).attr("id", story.tiddlerId(tiddler.title));
				$(revElem).attr("refresh", "tiddler");
				var getTemplate = function() {
					var themeName = config.options.txtTheme;
					if (themeName) {
						return store.getTiddlerSlice(themeName,
							me.revisionTemplate) || me.revisionTemplate ||
							"ViewTemplate";
					} else {
						return (store.getTiddler(me.revisionTemplate)) ?
							me.revisionTemplate : "ViewTemplate";
					}
				};
				var template = getTemplate();
				story.refreshTiddler(tiddler.title, template, true);
				callback(tiddler);
			});
	},

	createCloak: function(promoteElem) {
		var el = $(promoteElem);
		// cache styles for resetting later
		el.data({
			top: el.css("top"),
			left: el.css("left"),
			zIndex: el.css("z-index")
		});

		$('<div class="revisionCloak" />').css("z-index", me.zIndex)
			.click(function() {
				me.closeRevisions(promoteElem);
			})
			.appendTo(document.body);

		el.css("z-index", me.zIndex + 1);
	},

	// clean up, removing all evidence of revision view
	closeRevisions: function(promoteElem) {
		var el = $(promoteElem);
		// revert the original tiddler back to its previous state
		el.removeAttr("revName").removeClass("revisions").css({
			top: el.data("top"),
			left: el.data("left"),
			zIndex: el.data("zIndex")
		});

		// remove any revisions still in the store
		var revisions = $(".revisions");
		revisions.each(function(index, revision) {
			var revAttributes = revision.attributes;
			if ((revAttributes.revname) &&
					(revAttributes.revision)) {
				var revName = revAttributes.revname.value;
				var revNo = revAttributes.revision.value;
				var title = revName + me.revSuffix.format([revNo]);

				if (store.getTiddler(title)) {
					store.deleteTiddler(title);
				}
			}
		});

		// delete the previous revisions
		revisions.remove();

		// remove the cloak
		$(".revisionCloak").remove();
	},

	// calback from getting list of revisions
	expandStack: function(context, userParams) {
		var pageSize = userParams.pageSize;

		var from = userParams.from || 0;
		var tiddlerElem = userParams.tiddlerElem;

		userParams.defaultHeight = $(tiddlerElem).height();
		userParams.defaultWidth = $(tiddlerElem).width();
		if (from < context.revisions.length) {
			me.displayNextRevision(tiddlerElem, userParams, context, from,
				from + pageSize - 1);
		}
	},

	// place the next div above and behind the previous one
	displayNextRevision: function(tiddlerElem, userParams, context, from, to) {
		var revision = context.revisions[from];
		var callback = function() {
			var revText = revBtn.getRevisionText(tiddlerElem, revision);
			tiddlerElem = me.createRevisionObject(tiddlerElem, context,
				userParams, revText);
			$(tiddlerElem)
				.attr("revision", (context.revisions.length - from));
			if ((from < to) && ((from + 1) < context.revisions.length)){
				me.displayNextRevision(tiddlerElem, userParams, context,
					from + 1, to);
			} else if ((context.revisions.length - 1) > to) {
				me.showMoreButton(tiddlerElem, context, userParams, to + 1);
			}
		};
		me.shiftVisibleDown(userParams.title, callback);
	},

	createRevisionObject: function(tiddlerElem, context, userParams, text) {
		var newPosition = me.calculatePosition(tiddlerElem, context);
		return $('<div class="revisions tiddler" />')
			.css({
				position: "absolute",
				top: newPosition.top,
				left: newPosition.left,
				"z-index": me.zIndex + 1,
				height: userParams.defaultHeight,
				width: userParams.defaultWidth
			})
			.attr("revName", userParams.title)
			.append(text)
			.insertBefore(tiddlerElem);
	},

	// move the already present revisions down by 1 to fit the next one in
	shiftVisibleDown: function(title, callback) {
		var revisions = $("[revName='%0'].revisions".format([title]));
		var revisionCount = revisions.length;

		$(revisions).animate({top: "+=" + me.offsetTop},
				me.shiftDownDelay, function() {
					revisionCount -= 1;
					if ((callback) && (!revisionCount)) {
						callback();
					}
				});
	},

	// where we put the new revision
	calculatePosition: function(elem, context) {
		var offset = $(elem).offset();
		var currentPosition = $(elem).position();
		var newPosition = {
			top: currentPosition.top - me.offsetTop
		};
		if ((context.restrictLeft) ||
				((offset.left - me.offsetLeft) <
				$("#contentWrapper").offset().left)) {
			newPosition.left = $(elem).position().left;
			context.restrictLeft = true;
		} else {
			newPosition.left = currentPosition.left - me.offsetLeft;
		}
		return newPosition;
	},

	// equivalent of displayNextRevision, but for the more button
	showMoreButton: function(tiddlerElem, context, userParams, moreIndex) {
		userParams.from = moreIndex + 1;
		me.shiftVisibleDown(userParams.title, function() {
			var btn = me.createRevisionObject(tiddlerElem, context, userParams,
				"");

			var more = createTiddlyButton(btn[0], "more...", "show more revisions",
				function() {
					if ($(".viewRevision").length) {
						return;
					}
					userParams.tiddlerElem = btn[0];
					$(btn).text("")
						.append(revBtn
							.getRevisionText(btn[0], context.revisions[moreIndex]))
						.attr("revision", context.revisions.length - moreIndex);
					me.expandStack(context, userParams);
				});
			$(more).css("float", "right");
		});
	},

	stripRevFromTitle: function(revisionTitle) {
		return revisionTitle.split(/ ?\[rev\. #[0-9]+\]$/)[0];
	},

	onClickRevision: function(revElem, revision, callback) {
		// don't do anything if we are still loading
		if ($(".revisions").hasClass("loading")) {
			return null;
		}

		var origTitle = me.stripRevFromTitle(revision.title);
		if ($(revElem).hasClass("viewRevision")) {
			$(".revisions").addClass("loading");
			me.slideIn(revElem, revision, origTitle, function() {
				store.deleteTiddler(revision.title);
				revision.title = origTitle;
				$(revElem).text("").append(revBtn.getRevisionText(revElem,
						revision))
					.removeAttr("tags").removeAttr("tiddler")
					.removeAttr("refresh").removeAttr("template")
					.removeAttr("id");
				$(".revisions").removeClass("loading");
				if (callback) {
					callback();
				}
			});
			$(revElem).removeAttr("prevPos").removeClass("viewRevision");
		} else {
			var viewRevision = function() {
				var prevPos = $(revElem).position().left;
				$(revElem).addClass("viewRevision").attr("prevPos", prevPos);
				$(".revisions").addClass("loading");
				me.showRevision(revElem, revision, function(rev) {
					me.slideOut(revElem, rev, origTitle, function() {
						$(".revisions").removeClass("loading");
					});
				});
			};
			// make sure another revision isn't already out
			if ($(".viewRevision").length) {
				var newRevElem = $(".viewRevision")[0];
				var newRevision = store.getTiddler($(newRevElem)
					.attr("tiddler"));
				me.onClickRevision(newRevElem, newRevision, viewRevision);
			} else {
				viewRevision();
			}
		}
	},

	slideOut: function(revElem, revision, title, callback) {
		var leftMostPos = $("[revName='%0'].revisions".format([title]))
			.offset().left;
		var width = $(revElem).width();
		var originalLeftPos = $(story.getTiddler(title))
			.position().left;

		var slideAmount = leftMostPos + width - me.visibleSlideAmount;
		$("[revName='%0'].revisions:not(.viewRevision)".format([title]))
			.animate({left: "-=" + slideAmount}, 1000);
		$(revElem)
			.attr("baseHeight", $(revElem).css("height"))
			.css("height", "auto")
			.animate({left: originalLeftPos}, 1000, callback);
	},

	slideIn: function(revElem, revision, title, callback) {
		var slideAmount = $(revElem).offset().left -
			$(story.getTiddler(title)).offset().left;
		var origRevPos = $(revElem).attr("prevPos");

		$("[revName='%0'].revisions:not(.viewRevision)".format([title]))
			.animate({left: "+=" + slideAmount}, 1000);
		$(revElem).animate({left: origRevPos}, 1000, function() {
			$(revElem)
				.css("height", $(revElem).attr("baseHeight"))
				.removeAttr("baseHeight");
			callback();
		});
	}
};

var revBtn;
config.macros.slideRevision = revBtn = {
	btnText: "created by %0 at %1 on %2",
	handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
		var btn = revBtn.getRevisionText(place, tiddler);
		$(place).append(btn);
	},

	getRevisionText: function(place, revision) {
		var text = revBtn.btnText.format([revision.modifier,
			revision.modified.formatString("0hh:0mm"),
			revision.modified.formatString("0DD MMM YYYY")]);
		var btn = $('<a href="javascript:;" class="button revButton" />')
			.text(text)
			.click(function() {
				var revElem = story.findContainingTiddler(this);
				me.onClickRevision(revElem, revision);
			});
		return btn;
	}
};

})(jQuery);
//}}}
|||!Engine|>|>|>|>|>|>|
||| Google | Ivona |  SVOX | Cereproc |
|''SSML tag''|''SSML element''|||||
|audio|src"=//filename//"|N|This works when the URI is ''file'' or ''http'', but not when ''https'' (SSML engine doesn't support SSL)|N|N|
|speak|xml|fair|excellent|limited|limited|
|speak|lang|N|Y|N|N|
|voice|gender|N|N|N|N|
||name|N|N|N|N|
|break||Y|Y|Y|Y|
|say-as|interpret-as|Y|Y|Y|Y|
|||US= /Yew Ess/ |US= /Yew Ess|US=/United States/|US= /Yew Ess/|
|phoneme|alphabet = "ipa"|N|Y|Y|N|
|prosody|rate|N|Y|Y|Y|
||contour|N|N|Y|Y|
|emphasis||N|Y|Y|N|
|mark||?|?|?|?|
|lexicon||?|N|?|?|
[[StyleSheetTiddlySpace]]
.viewer span {color:blue;font-weight:bold;}
 
There are a lot of scholarly problems with this piece of corporate puffery, but it may provide an overview/starting point and it //does// illustrate the pragmatics of using theory in a corporate sales context.

Carman postulates three overall "families" of instructional design: Cognitive (Gagne et. al.), Constructivist (Piaget et. al.) and "Performance Support" (which only has Gery - a suspicious "family") and argues that one should select what is useful from each family on any given project. Out of this he synthesises:
#Live Events - here he cites Keller ARCS approach (to the exclusion of others - so why blend ID theorists & not motivational theorists?)
##''A''ttention
##''R''elevance
##''C''onfidence
##''S''atisfaction
#Self Paced Learning
#Collaboration
##~Peer-to-Peer
##~Peer-to-Mentor
#Assessment (following Bloom - a big question is the relevance of Bloom's structure for language acquisition)
##Knowledge (can give class name when stimulated by class member)
##Comprehension (can give class member when simulated with class name)
##Application (of K & C in new context)
##Analysis (implies some mastery of overarching/foundational theory)
##Synthesis (failure analysis - a failure challenges both context & theory because not predictable)
##Evaluation (integrate learned model with another, e.g. financial/aesthetic/cultural)
#Performance support (post-school, "workplace" is Carman's context - it seems clear he has some kind of vested interest in this; also, no scholarly support is cited)
e-design
Type the text for 'speech recognition'
Martel, C., Vignollet, L., Ferraris, C., David,~J-P., Lejeune, A. 2006 Modeling collaborative learning activities on e-learning platforms //Sixth IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT'06)// pp.707-709

Proposes an @@color:blue;font-weight:bold;<html><span title="Learning Design Language">LDL</span></html>@@ to extend [[IMS/LD]], whilst simultaneously distancing themselves from the "industrialisation" of pedagogy and likewise characterising pedagogy as something fundamentally non-describable (because outcomes can be dynamically and unpredictably influenced by the learner).

Three learning @@color:red;situations@@ are envisaged:
#Frontal (learner acts as individual)
#Open (collaborative; each particiapnt submits work)
#Collective (collaborative; the work of one stands for all)

A meta-model is proposed.
#Scenario (becomes "operationalised" into an activity in a @@color:red;situational@@ context)
#Structure (from here down we are ~EML-compliant)
##Interaction
##Arena
###Role (defined by its set of interactions)
####Rules (added by LDL)
####Positions (Added by LDL) - Participants' perceptions
#####Scope - visibility of a Position within the model/execution environment (Added by LDL to support inter-dependency. The example given is of all teachers needing to know a student's results)
#####Partition - (Added by LDL to model collectiveness)
####Observables (Added by LDL)  
#####Interaction state
#####Progress of participant

This model sits within a Learning Design Infrastructure






|||!Engine|>|>|
||| Google | Samsung |
|''SSML tag''|''SSML element''|||
|audio|src"=//filename//"|N|N|
|speak|xml|limited|Reads XML|
|speak|lang|N|N|
|voice|gender|N|N|
||name|N|N|
|break||Y|N|
|say-as|interpret-as|Y|N|
|||US= /Yew Ess/ ||
|phoneme|alphabet = "ipa"|Y|N|
|prosody|rate|N|N|
||contour|N|N|
|emphasis||N|N|
|mark||?|N|
|lexicon||?|N|
Visser, J. 2000 Faculty work in developing and teaching web-based distance courses: A case study of time and effort, //American Journal of Distance Education// 14(3) pp.21-32

What it says: breaks down prep & delivery time; summary table looks like:
|!Activity|!e-context|!f2f context|
|Content|234|127|
|Adaptation|96|0|
|Delivery|85|96|
|Grand Total|415|223|
|grad assistant|220|0|
I've set up Eclipse & the Android SDK in C:\Dev on the Toshiba. I haven't managed to get the "~MyFirstApp" to work (it fails to turn up on the emulator) but I haven;t quite finished debugging yet. Meantime, I have installed [[Frink]] to the emulator using ''adb'' see [[here|https://dl.dropbox.com/u/9880794/myfrink/Emulated%20Frink.jpg]] and it handles the "speak" command OK. Next step is to work out the debugging tools, and find out what's happening with the <audio> tag. (I have an idea about pathnames)

I'm going to try and get a simple Java/Android app working, then a simple Ruboto app, then decide. Meantime, I'm going to keep working on Frink as a prototyping tool/ personal computing tool
The Semantic Web provides a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application, enterprise, and community boundaries.
—World Wide Web Consortium, W3C Semantic Web Activity
World Wide Web Consortium (2010-02-06). "W3C Semantic Web Activity". Retrieved 18 April 2011
Asks the question as to whether the "fun and richness" of group learning can survive the structures (particularly scripts) of  ''C''omputer ''S''upported ''C''ollaborative ''L''earning? [[CSCL]]

And completely fails to answer it... a very messy & also strangely interesting paper.

Right, lots of meat here...
Effectiveness control for group learning is better conducted //inside// the group rather than //outside// (i.e. preconditions don't predict) citing [[Dillenbourg et. al. 1995]] Internal control can be done through the //structure// of the process, or //regulation// of the interactions.

Regulation something of a black art. Attempts at computer tutors are cited ([[Inaba 1996]]; [[Barros 2000]]; [[Constantino-Gonzalez 2002]]). Managed group self-regulation an option - see [[Jemann 2002]]; [[Dillenbourg et. al. 2002]]

Structure through //scripts// - more detailed and more explicit statement of the expectations of colaborative work. Notes that scripting is moving more towards "teaching methods" and away from the "optimism" of collaborative learning (i.e. that 2 ignorant people can become experts).

Typical scripts for collaborative learning:
[[Jigsaw]] which she implements as a "Grid",
[[ArgueGraph]]
[[UniverSante]]
[[MagicBook]]
[[Phase-X]]
[[Problem Based Learning]]
[[Reciprocal Teaching]]

A "grammar" or "syntax" of scripts is proposed.
Script = [phase~~1~~, phase~~2~~, phase~~3~~...]
Phase = [task group //distribution// mode timing]]
Task = [input activity output] + validation + workflow + completion criteria
Group = [size, formation criteria (eternal or internal), //difference mapping//]
Distribution [Input vs Activity, Group members vs Multiple Groups]
Mode [Distant vs co-present, synchronous vs asynchronous, intra-group vs inter-group, tutor vs student (regulatory or feedback)]
Timing [Timetable, Communication]

Very important to note that conforming to this syntax does not produce a meaning learning experience of & by itself. There needs to be a pedagogic philospohy & a clear goal behind the script.

Scripts are coercive along a continuum from:
#Induced (coercion implied by task/design)
#Instructed
#Trained (Instruction + practice)
#Prompted 
#Follow-me (strong interface)

Coercion can be applied to all elements of the grammar; how & when to coerce is very much the classic educational dilemma.

Appropriation of scripts by tutors & students requires //adoption// and //internalisation// (becomes reader & regulator)

Generalisability - the fantasy of content-only re-use.

Some problems:
#disturb natural interaction
#disturb natural problem solving
#increase cognitive load
#replace collaboration with didacticism
#purposeless collaboration







/***
|''Name''|TiddlySpaceToolbar|
|''Description''|augments tiddler toolbar commands with SVG icons|
|''Author''|Osmosoft|
|''Version''|0.6.6|
|''Status''|@@beta@@|
|''Source''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace/raw/master/src/plugins/TiddlySpaceToolbar.js|
|''CodeRepository''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace|
|''License''|[[BSD|http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php]]|
|''CoreVersion''|2.5.0|
|''Requires''|ImageMacroPlugin|
|''Keywords''|toolbar icons SVG|
!Description
replaces tiddler toolbar commands with SVG icons if available
!Notes
requires [[ImageMacroPlugin|http://svn.tiddlywiki.org/Trunk/contributors/JonRobson/plugins/ImageMacroPlugin/plugins/ImageMacroPlugin.tid]]

SVG icons are drawn from tiddlers titled {{{<command>.svg}}}
In readonly mode a tiddler called {{{<command>ReadOnly.svg}}} will be used if it exists.
!TODO
* rename (IconToolbarPlugin?)
* support more than one more popup menu in the toolbar.
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

if(!config.macros.image) {
	throw "Missing dependency: ImageMacroPlugin";
}

var macro = config.macros.toolbar;

macro.icons = {
	cloneTiddler: "editTiddler"
};

var _handler = macro.handler;
macro.handler = function(place, macroName, params, wikifier,
		paramString, tiddler) {
	var toolbar = $(place);
	toolbar.attr({
		refresh: "macro",
		macroName: macroName
	}).data("args", arguments);
	var status = _handler.apply(this, arguments);
	if(tiddler.isReadOnly()) {
		toolbar.addClass("toolbarReadOnly");
	} else {
		toolbar.removeClass("toolbarReadOnly");
	}
	var parsedParams = paramString.parseParams("name")[0];
	if(parsedParams.icons && parsedParams.icons == "yes") {
		this.augmentCommandButtons(place);
	}
	if(parsedParams.more && parsedParams.more == "popup") {
		// note we must override the onclick event like in createTiddlyButton
		// otherwise the click event is the popup AND the slider
		$(".moreCommand", place).each(function(i, el) {
			el.onclick = macro.onClickMorePopUp;
		});
		// buttons that are after a less command should not be in more menu.
		$(".lessCommand ~ .button", place).appendTo(place);
		$(".lessCommand", place).remove();
	}
	return status;
};

macro.refresh = function(place, params) {
	var args = $(place).empty().data("args");
	this.handler.apply(this, args);
};

var imageMacro = config.macros.image;
macro.augmentCommandButtons = function(toolbar) {
	$(".button", toolbar).each(function(i, el) {
		var cmd = $(el).attr("commandname");
		cmd = cmd ? cmd : "moreCommand"; // XXX: special-casing of moreCommand due to ticket #1234
		var icon = store.tiddlerExists(cmd) ? cmd : macro.icons[cmd];
		var text = $(el).text();
		if(readOnly) {
			var readOnlyAlternative = "%0ReadOnly".format([icon]);
			if(store.tiddlerExists(readOnlyAlternative)) {
				icon = readOnlyAlternative;
			}
		}
		if(store.tiddlerExists(icon)) {
			$(el).css({display: "inline-block"}).empty();
			imageMacro.renderImage(el, icon, { alt: text });
		}
	});
};

// provide onClickMore to provide extra commands in a popup
macro.onClickMorePopUp = function(ev) {
	ev = ev || window.event;
	var sibling = this.nextSibling;
	if(sibling) {
		var commands = sibling.childNodes;
		var popup = Popup.create(this);
		$(popup).addClass("taggedTiddlerList");
		for(var i = 0; i < commands.length; i++) {
			var li = createTiddlyElement(popup, "li", null);
			var oldCommand = commands[i];
			var command = oldCommand.cloneNode(true);
			command.onclick = oldCommand.onclick;
			li.appendChild(command);
		}
		Popup.show();
	}
	ev.cancelBubble = true;
	if(ev.stopPropagation) {
		ev.stopPropagation();
	}
	return false;
};

})(jQuery);
//}}}
/***
|''Name''|TiddlySpaceSearcher|
|''Version''|0.2.5|
|''Requires''|TiddlySpaceConfig TiddlySpaceFollowingPlugin|
***/
//{{{
(function($) {
var tiddlyspace = config.extensions.tiddlyspace;
var tsScan = config.macros.tsScan;

config.shadowTiddlers.SearchTemplate = "<<view server.bag SiteIcon label:no width:24 height:24 preserveAspectRatio:yes>> <<view server.bag spaceLink title external:no>> in space <<view server.bag spaceLink>>";
config.shadowTiddlers.StyleSheetSearch = [".resultsArea .siteIcon { display: inline; }",
	".searchForm {text-align: left;}"].join("\n");
store.addNotification("StyleSheetSearch", refreshStyles);

var search = config.macros.tsSearch = {
	locale: {
		advanced: "Advanced Options",
		header: "Search",
		resultsHeader: "Results (%0)",
		find: "find",
		noResults: "No tiddlers matched your search query",
		query: "QUERY: ",
		error: "please provide a search query or a tag, modifier or title!",
		titleAdvanced: "where the title is",
		modifierAdvanced: "where the last modifier is",
		spaceAdvanced: "only in the space: ",
		notspaceAdvanced: "but not in the spaces: ",
		tagsAdvanced: "with the tags: "
	},
	andConstructor: function(container, label, fieldname, negationMode) {
		var tags = $("<div />").appendTo(container);
		$('<span />').text(label).appendTo(tags);
		var id = "area" + Math.random();
		container = $("<span />").attr("id", id).appendTo(tags)[0];
		function add(container) {
			var el = $('<input type="text" />').attr("field", fieldname).appendTo(container);
			if(negationMode) {
				el.attr("negation", "true");
			}
		}
		add(container);
		var el = $("<button />").text("AND").click(function(ev) {
			add($(ev.target).data("container"));
			ev.preventDefault();
		}).appendTo(tags);
		$(el).data("container", container);
	},
	fieldConstructor: function(container, label, field) {
		container = $("<div />").appendTo(container)[0];
		$("<span />").text(label).appendTo(container);
		$("<input />").attr("text", "input").attr("field", field).appendTo(container);
	},
	advancedOptions: function(form) {
		var locale = search.locale;
		var container = $("<div />").addClass("tsAdvancedOptions").appendTo(form)[0];
		$("<h2/ >").text(search.locale.advanced).appendTo(container);
		$("<div />").addClass("separator").appendTo(container);
		search.fieldConstructor(container, locale.titleAdvanced, "title");
		search.fieldConstructor(container, locale.modifierAdvanced, "modifier");
		search.fieldConstructor(container, locale.spaceAdvanced, "space");
		search.andConstructor(container, locale.notspaceAdvanced, "space", true);
		search.andConstructor(container, locale.tagsAdvanced, "tag");
	},
	constructSearchQuery: function(form) {
		var data = [], select = [];
		var query = $("[name=q]", form).val();
		if(query) {
			data.push("q=%0".format(query));
		}

		// add tags, fields etc..
		$("[field]", form).each(function(i, el) {
			var val = $(el).val();
			var name = $(el).attr("field");
			var negate = $(el).attr("negation") == "true";
			if(val && name) {
				val = encodeURIComponent(val);
				val = negate ? "!" + val : val;
				if(name == "space") {
					val += "_public";
					name = "bag";
				}
				if(negate) {
					select.push("select=%0:%1".format(name,val));
				} else {
					var prefix = data.length === 0 ? "q=" : "";
					data.push('%0%1:"%2"'.format(prefix, name, val));
				}
			}
		});
		var dataString = data.join(" ");
		if(dataString.length === 0 && !query) {
			return false;
		}
		var selectStatement = select.join("&");
		if(dataString.length > 0 && selectStatement.length > 0) {
			dataString += "&";
		}
		dataString += selectStatement;
		return "/search?%0".format(dataString);
	},
	constructForm: function(place) {
		var locale = search.locale;
		$("<h1 />").text(locale.header).appendTo(place);
		var form = $("<form />").appendTo(place)[0];
		$('<input type="text" name="q" />').appendTo(form);
		$('<input type="submit" />').val(locale.find).appendTo(form);
		search.advancedOptions(form);
		var query = $('<h2 class="query"/>').appendTo(place)[0];
		var results = $("<div />").appendTo(place).addClass("resultsArea")[0];
		var lookup = function(url) {
			if(!url) {
				results.empty().addClass("error").text(locale.error);
				return;
			}
			config.extensions.tiddlyweb.getStatus(function(status) {
				$(query).text(locale.query);
				var href = status.server_host.url + url;
				$("<a />").attr("href", href).text(href).appendTo(query);
				tsScan.scan(results, { url: url, emptyMessage: search.locale.noResults, cache: true,
					template: "SearchTemplate", sort: "title", callback: function(tiddlers) {
						$("<h2 />").text(locale.resultsHeader.format(tiddlers.length)).prependTo(results);
					}
				});
			});
		};
		$(form).submit(function(ev) {
			ev.preventDefault();
			var url = search.constructSearchQuery(form);
			config.macros.tsSearch.lastSearch = url;
			lookup(url);
		});
		if(search.lastSearch) {
			lookup(search.lastSearch);
		}
		return form;
	},
	handler: function(place) {
		var container = $("<div />").addClass("searchForm").appendTo(place)[0];
		search.constructForm(container);
	}
};

})(jQuery);
//}}}
//{{{
config.macros.testMac = { 
    handler: function (place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler)   {
   var lineBreak = "\n";
   var test1 = params[0];
   var test2 = store.getTiddlerText(test1 + '##startdata');

//$& represents found string when find_string is NOT RegExp object
//   var test3 = test2.replace(/\bfor\b|\band\b/ig,'@@color:red; $& @@');
//   wikify(test1 + lineBreak + test3, place);

//testing RegExp
   var pattern = new RegExp("\bfor\b|\band\b",'ig');
   var test4 = test2.replace(pattern,'@@color:red; $1 @@');

   wikify(test1 + lineBreak + test4, place);
   }
};
config.macros.conJunction = { 
    handler: function (place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler)   {
   var lineBreak = "\n";
   var test1 = params[0];
   var test2 = store.getTiddlerText(test1 + '##startdata');

//$& represents found string when find_string is NOT regExp object
   var test3 = test2.replace(/\bfor\b|\band\b|\bnor\b|\bbut\b|\bor\b|\byet\b|\bso\b/ig,'@@color:red; $& @@');
   var test3a = test3.replace(/\bthen\b|\bwhen\b|\bwhile\b|\bafter\b|\bbefore\b/ig,'@@color:pink; __$&__ @@');
   wikify(lineBreak + test3a, place);
   }
};
config.macros.beVerbs = { 
    handler: function (place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler)   {
   var lineBreak = "\n";
   var test1 = params[0];
   var test2 = store.getTiddlerText(test1 + '##startdata');

//$& represents found string when find_string is NOT regExp object
// "be" forms
   var test3 = test2.replace(/\bbe\b|\bam\b|\bis\b|\bare\b|\bwas\b|\bbeen\b|\bbeing\b|'m\b|'s\b|'re\b/ig,'@@color:red; $& @@');

// AUX verbs
   var test3a = test3.replace(/\bcan\b|\bcould\b|\bmay\b|\bmight\b|\bshall\b|\bshould\b|\bwill\b|\bwould\b|\bmust\b/ig,'@@color:green; __$&__ @@');

//determiners
   var test3b = test3a.replace(/\ba\b|\bthe\b|\bmy\b|\bmine\b|\byour\b|\byours\b|\bhis\b|\bher\b|\bhers\b|\bits\b|\bour\b|\bours\b|\btheir\b|\btheirs\b|\bthis\b|\bthese\b|\bthose\b/ig,'@@color:blue; $& @@');

//develop test for that=COMP vs that=DET
   wikify(lineBreak + test3b, place);
   }
};
//}}}
Click the "new tiddler" button towards the top right of the screen to write something in your space. You'll need to give it a title, some content and, optionally, some tags that will help you identify it later.

!Stuck for ideas?
Not sure what to write about? Not sure what to keep in your space? Other people use ~TiddlySpace for almost anything. How about some of the following:

* [[Save interesting sites|http://bookmarks.tiddlyspace.com]], images or articles from around the web so that you can refer back to them.
* [[Record your family tree|http://familytree.tiddlyspace.com]], store notes on long lost relatives or ancestors and map their relationship to you.
* [[Make up a pocketbook|http://pocketbook.tiddlyspace.com]] to store some useful information in, then print it out, [[fold it up|http://www.pocketmod.com/]], and take it with you.
* [[Plan your holiday|http://the-web-is-your-oyster.tiddlyspace.com/]], record where you're planning to go, note down places of interest and refer back to it later.
* [[Create a mindmap|http://mindmaps.tiddlyspace.com/]] to visualise your inner thoughts and see how they relate to each other.
* [[Set up a questionnaire|http://questionnaire.tiddlyspace.com/]] and get all your friends to answer it.

If you don't like any of those ideas, you can still use this space directly to keep notes and link them together, make a todo list and keep track of everything you're doing, or any one of a hundred million other things.

Still stuck? Check out the @featured space for more suggestions.

You can also [[socialise with others|How to socialise]].
Context and Consciousness. Activity Theory and ~Human-Computer Interaction MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Book. Try Google or Library
<!--{{{-->
<div class='toolbar'
	macro='toolbar [[ToolbarCommands::EditToolbar]] icons:yes'>
</div>
<div class='heading editorHeading'>
	<div class='editor title' macro='edit title'></div>
	<div class='tagClear'></div>
</div>
<div class='annotationsBox' macro='annotations'>
	<div class='editSpaceSiteIcon'
		macro='tiddlerOrigin height:16 width:16 label:no interactive:no'>
	</div>
	<div class="privacyEdit" macro='setPrivacy label:no interactive:no'></div>
	<div class='tagClear'></div>
</div>
<div class='editor' macro='edit text'></div>
<div class='editorFooter'>
	<div class='tagTitle'>tags</div>
	<div class='editor' macro='edit tags'></div>
	<div class='tagAnnotation'>
		<span macro='message views.editor.tagPrompt'></span>
		<span macro='tagChooser excludeLists'></span>
	</div>
</div>
<!--}}}-->
/***
|''Name''|TiddlySpaceFilters|
|''Description''|provide TiddlySpace-specific filter extensions|
|''Author''|Jon Robson|
|''Version''|0.6.1|
|''Status''|@@beta@@|
|''CoreVersion''|2.6.2|
|''Requires''|TiddlySpaceConfig|
|''License''|[[BSD|http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php]]|
!Usage
{{{
<<tsList Private>>
<<tsList Public>>
<<tsList Draft>>
}}}
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

var tiddlyspace = config.extensions.tiddlyspace;
var privateBag = tiddlyspace.getCurrentBag("private");
var publicBag = tiddlyspace.getCurrentBag("public");

config.filterHelpers = {
	is: {
		"private": function(tiddler) {
			var bag = tiddler.fields["server.bag"];
			return bag == privateBag;
		},
		"public": function(tiddler) {
			var bag = tiddler.fields["server.bag"];
			return bag == publicBag;
		},
		draft: function(tiddler) {
			var fields = tiddler.fields;
			var bag = fields["server.bag"];
			return (privateBag == bag && fields["publish.name"]) ? true : false;
		},
		local: function(tiddler) {
			return config.filterHelpers.is["public"](tiddler) ||
				config.filterHelpers.is["private"](tiddler);
		},
		unsynced: function(tiddler) {
			return tiddler ? tiddler.isTouched() : false;
		}
	}
};

config.filters.is = function(results, match) {
	var candidates = store.getTiddlers("title");
	var type = match[3];
	for (var i = 0; i < candidates.length; i++) {
		var tiddler = candidates[i];
		var helper = config.filterHelpers.is[type];
		if(helper && helper(tiddler)) {
			results.pushUnique(tiddler);
		}
	}
	return results;
};

})(jQuery);
//}}}
<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xl="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" version="1.1" viewBox="450 366 38 57"
width="30" height="30">
	<g stroke="none" stroke-opacity="1" stroke-dasharray="none" fill="none" fill-opacity="1">
		<g>
			<path d="M 452.1094 421.2422 L 450 421.2422 L 450 423 L 487.9688 423 L 487.9688 421.2422 L 485.8595 421.2422 
			L 485.8595 377.29688 L 487.9688 377.29688 L 487.9688 375.53906 L 485.8595 375.53906 
			C 485.8595 375.53906 481.12463 371.59341 473.02023 370.52802 C 472.6824 368.9689 471.72098 366.75 468.9844 366.75 
			C 466.24783 366.75 465.28638 368.9689 464.94864 370.52802 
			C 456.84418 371.59341 452.1094 375.53906 452.1094 375.53906 L 450 375.53906 L 450 377.29688 L 452.1094 377.29688 
			Z M 467.12247 370.32086 L 467.12247 370.32086 C 467.3805 369.42395 467.90762 368.50781 468.9844 368.50781 
			C 470.0612 368.50781 470.5883 369.42395 470.84634 370.32086 
			C 470.24136 370.2848 469.62054 370.26562 468.9844 370.26562 
			C 468.34827 370.26562 467.72748 370.2848 467.12247 370.32086 Z M 454.21875 420.92804 L 454.21875 420.92804 
			C 455.46762 420.42087 456.32816 419.35281 456.32816 418.11716 L 456.32816 377.29688 L 458.4375 377.29688 
			L 458.4375 421.2422 L 454.21875 421.2422 Z M 460.5469 420.92804 L 460.5469 420.92804 
			C 461.79578 420.42087 462.65625 419.35281 462.65625 418.11716 L 462.65625 377.29688 L 464.76566 377.29688 
			L 464.76566 421.2422 L 460.5469 421.2422 Z M 466.87503 420.92804 L 466.87503 420.92804 
			C 468.1239 420.42087 468.9844 419.35281 468.9844 418.11716 L 468.9844 377.29688 L 471.09378 377.29688 
			L 471.09378 421.2422 L 466.87503 421.2422 Z M 473.2032 420.92804 L 473.2032 420.92804 
			C 474.45203 420.42087 475.31256 419.35281 475.31256 418.11716 L 475.31256 377.29688 L 477.4219 377.29688 
			L 477.4219 421.2422 L 473.2032 421.2422 Z M 479.5313 420.92804 L 479.5313 420.92804 
			C 480.78018 420.42087 481.64066 419.35281 481.64066 418.11716 L 481.64066 377.29688 L 483.75006 377.29688 
			L 483.75006 421.2422 L 479.5313 421.2422 Z" fill="black" class="glyph"/>
		</g>
	</g>
</svg>
/***
|''Name''|RandomColorPalettePlugin|
|''Description''|Adds a random color palette to TiddlyWiki|
|''Author''|Jon Robson|
|''Version''|1.4.0|
|''Status''|stable|
|''Source''|https://github.com/jdlrobson/TiddlyWikiPlugins/raw/master/plugins/RandomColorPalettePlugin/RandomColorPalettePlugin.js|
|''License''|[[BSD|http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php]]|
!Usage
{{{
<<RandomColorPalette>>
}}}
Sets and saves a random color palette on execution

{{{
<<RandomColorPaletteButton>>
}}}
Creates a button, which when clicked will change the color palette
More information at http://macros.tiddlyspace.com/#%5B%5BRandomColorPaletteButton%20macro%5D%5D
!Code
***/
//{{{
RGB.prototype.toRGBString = function() {
	return "rgb(%0,%1,%2)".format(parseInt(this.r * 255, 10),
		parseInt(this.g * 255, 10), parseInt(this.b * 255, 10))
}
function HSL_TO_RGB(h, s, l) { // h (hue) between 0 and 360, s (saturation) & l (lightness) between 0 and 1
	var c = l <= 0.5 ? 2 * l * s : ( 2 - (2 * l)) * s;
	var h1 = h / 60;
	var x = c * (1 - Math.abs((h1 % 2) - 1)); 
	var r, g, b;
	if(typeof(h) == 'undefined') {
		r = 0;
		g = 0;
		b = 0;
	} else if(0 <= h1 && h1 < 1) {
		r = c;
		g = x;
		b = 0;
	} else if(1 <= h1 && h1 < 2) {
		r = x;
		g = c;
		b = 0;
	} else if(2 <= h1 && h1 < 3) {
		r = 0;
		g = c;
		b = x;
	} else if(3 <= h1 && h1 < 4) {
		r = 0;
		g = x;
		b = c;
	} else if(4 <= h1 && h1 < 5) {
		r = x;
		g = 0;
		b = c;
	} else if(5 <= h1 && h1 < 6) {
		r = c;
		g = 0;
		b = x;
	}
	m = l - (0.5 * c);
	return new RGB(r + m, g + m, b + m);
}

(function($){
	var macro = config.macros.RandomColorPalette = {
		messagesOn: false, 
		changedPaletteText: "We have assigned you a random theme by adjusting the [[ColorPalette]] tiddler.\nDon't like it? Click <<RandomColorPalette>> for another one.", 
		handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
			paramString = paramString || "";
			var options = macro.getOptions(paramString);
			macro.generatePalette(options, true);
		},
		optionTypes: {
			floats: ["hue", "saturation", "darkest", "lightness", "huevariance", "dark", "pale", "light", "mid",
				"saturation_light", "saturation_pale", "saturation_mid", "saturation_dark"
			]
		},
		getOptions: function(paramString) {
			var args = paramString.parseParams("name", null, true, false, true)[0];
			var options = {};
			var numbers = macro.optionTypes.floats;
			for(var i in args) {
				options[i] = numbers.indexOf(i) > -1 ? parseFloat(args[i][0], 10) : args[i][0];
			}
			return options;
		},
		generateRandomNumber: function(min, max, info) {
			var num = (Math.random() * 1);
			info = !info ? { attempts:0 } : info;
			info.attempts += 1;
			var good = true;
			if(min == max) {
				return max;
			}
			if(min && num < min) {
				good = false;
			} else if(max && num > max) {
				good = false;
			}
			if(!good) {
				if(info.attempts < 5) {
					return macro.generateRandomNumber(min, max, info);
				} else {
					if(max) {
						return max;
					} else if(min) {
						return min;
					} else {
						return 1;
					}
				}
			}
			return num;
		},
		getExistingPalette: function(asJSON) {
			var title = "ColorPalette";
			var tiddlerText;
			if(store.tiddlerExists(title)) {
				tiddlerText = store.getTiddlerText(title);
			} else if(store.isShadowTiddler(title)){
				tiddlerText = config.shadowTiddlers[title];
			}
			if(asJSON) {
				var json = {};
				if(tiddlerText) {
					var lines = tiddlerText.split("\n");
					for(var i = 0; i < lines.length; i++) {
						var definition = lines[i].split(":");
						if(definition.length == 2) {
							var name = definition[0].trim();
							var value = definition[1].trim();
							json[name] = value;
						}
					}
				}
				return json;
			} else {
				return tiddlerText;
			}
		},
		generatePalette: function(options, save) {
			var outputRGB = options.rgb;
			var palette = macro.getExistingPalette(true);
			var hue = options.hue || Math.floor(Math.random() * 359);
			var saturation = options.saturation || macro.generateRandomNumber(0.3, 0.7);
			var dark = options.dark || options.darkest || macro.generateRandomNumber(0, 0.10);
			var pale = options.pale || options.lightness || macro.generateRandomNumber(0.90, 1);
			var delta = ( ( pale - dark ) / 3 );
			var mid = options.mid || dark + delta;
			var light = options.light || dark + (delta * 2);
			var lightness_values = {Dark: dark, Mid: mid, Light: light, Pale: pale};
			var saturation_values = {};
			for(i in lightness_values) {
				if(true) {
					saturation_values[i] = options["saturation_" + i.toLowerCase()] || saturation;
				}
			}

			var opposite_hue = (hue + 180) % 360;
			var seed = options.huevariance || Math.floor((85 * Math.random()) + 5); // we want it to be at least 5 degrees
			var huetwo = (opposite_hue + seed) % 360;
			var huethree = (opposite_hue - seed) % 360;
			if(huetwo < 0) {
				huetwo = 360 + huetwo;
			}
			if(huethree < 0) {
				huethree = 360 + huethree;
			}
			for(var j in lightness_values) {
				if(true) {
					var saturation = saturation_values[j];
					palette["Primary" + j] = HSL_TO_RGB(hue, saturation, lightness_values[j]);
					palette["Secondary" + j] = HSL_TO_RGB(huetwo, saturation, lightness_values[j]);
					palette["Tertiary" + j] = HSL_TO_RGB(huethree, saturation, lightness_values[j]);
				}
			}
			palette.Background = HSL_TO_RGB(hue, saturation, 0.92);
			palette.Foreground = HSL_TO_RGB(hue, saturation, 0.08);
			palette.ColorPaletteParameters = ["HSL([", hue, "|", seed, "], [", saturation_values.Pale, "|",
				saturation_values.Light, "|", saturation_values.Mid, "|", saturation_values.Dark, "],",
				"[", dark, "|", mid, "|", light, "|", pale, "])"].join("");
			// construct new ColorPalette
			var text = ["/*{{{*/\n"];
			var colorcode;
			for(var id in palette) {
				if(true) {
					var color = palette[id];
					colorcode = outputRGB ? color.toRGBString() : color.toString();
					text.push("%0: %1\n".format(id, colorcode));
				}
			}
			text.push("/*}}}*/");
			text = text.join("");
			if(save) {
				macro.saveColorPalette(text);
			}
			return text;
		},
		saveColorPalette: function(text) {
			var tid = store.getTiddler("ColorPalette");
			if(!tid) {
				tid = new Tiddler("ColorPalette");
				tid.fields = merge({}, config.defaultCustomFields);
			} // TODO: detect that the ColorPalette in the space comes from outside recipe
			tid.fields["server.page.revision"] = "false"; // edit conflicts dont matter

			// save the color palette in tid
			tid = store.saveTiddler(tid.title, tid.title, text, tid.modifier, tid.modified,
				tid.tags, tid.fields, false, tid.created, tid.creator);
			// an interval is used to cope with users clicking on the palette button quickly.
			if(macro._nextSave) {
				window.clearTimeout(macro._nextSave);
			}
			macro._nextSave = window.setTimeout(function() {
					autoSaveChanges(null, [tid]);
				}, 2000);
			// temporary workaround for IE.
			$.twStylesheet.remove({ id: "StyleSheetColors" });
			$.twStylesheet.remove({ id: "StyleSheet" });
			refreshAll();
			macro.reportChange();
			return tid;
		},
		reportChange: function() {
			if(macro.messagesOn) { // only display message once..
				var msgPlace = getMessageDiv();
				if(!$(".changedPalette", msgPlace)[0]) {
					var tempPlace = document.createElement("div");
					wikify("{{changedPalette{" + macro.changedPaletteText + "}}}", tempPlace);
					msgPlace.appendChild(tempPlace);
				}
			}
		}
	};
	var btnMacro = config.macros.RandomColorPaletteButton = {
			text: "New ColorPalette",
			tooltip: "Generate a random colour scheme for your TiddlyWiki",
			makeButton: function(place, options) {
				var btnHandler = function(ev) {
					var t = $(ev.target);
					var options = t.data("options");
					macro.generatePalette(options, true);
					ev.preventDefault();
					return false;
				};
				var btn = createTiddlyButton(place, this.text, this.tooltip, btnHandler);
				$(btn).data("options", options);
				return btn;
			},
			handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
				var options = macro.getOptions(paramString);
				btnMacro.makeButton(place, options);
			}
	};
})(jQuery);
//}}}
<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xl="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" version="1.1" viewBox="78 222 60 60" 
width="30" height="30">
<g stroke="none" stroke-opacity="1" stroke-dasharray="none" fill="none" fill-opacity="1">
	<g>
		<path d="M 107.92718 244.14815 L 86.651474 222.89253 L 78.85206 230.69925 L 100.120415 251.9476 L 78.774 273.27396 
		L 86.57342 281.08075 L 107.927216 259.74707 L 129.39981 281.19946 L 137.19922 273.39267 L 115.73397 251.94763 
		L 137.121155 230.58054 L 129.32175 222.77374 Z" fill="black" class="glyph"/>
	</g>
</g>
</svg>
/***
|''Name''|TiddlyWebConfig|
|''Description''|configuration settings for TiddlyWebWiki|
|''Author''|FND|
|''Version''|1.3.2|
|''Status''|stable|
|''Source''|http://svn.tiddlywiki.org/Trunk/association/plugins/TiddlyWebConfig.js|
|''License''|[[BSD|http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php]]|
|''Requires''|TiddlyWebAdaptor ServerSideSavingPlugin|
|''Keywords''|serverSide TiddlyWeb|
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

if(!config.extensions.ServerSideSavingPlugin) {
	throw "Missing dependency: ServerSideSavingPlugin";
}
if(!config.adaptors.tiddlyweb) {
	throw "Missing dependency: TiddlyWebAdaptor";
}

if(window.location.protocol != "file:") {
	config.options.chkAutoSave = true;
}

var adaptor = tiddler.getAdaptor();
var recipe = tiddler.fields["server.recipe"];
var workspace = recipe ? "recipes/" + recipe : "bags/common";

var plugin = config.extensions.tiddlyweb = {
	host: tiddler.fields["server.host"].replace(/\/$/, ""),
	username: null,
	status: {},

	getStatus: null, // assigned later
	getUserInfo: function(callback) {
		this.getStatus(function(status) {
			callback({
				name: plugin.username,
				anon: plugin.username ? plugin.username == "GUEST" : true
			});
		});
	},
	hasPermission: function(type, tiddler) {
		var perms = tiddler.fields["server.permissions"];
		if(perms) {
			return perms.split(", ").contains(type);
		} else {
			return true;
		}
	}
};

config.defaultCustomFields = {
	"server.type": tiddler.getServerType(),
	"server.host": plugin.host,
	"server.workspace": workspace
};

// modify toolbar commands

config.shadowTiddlers.ToolbarCommands = config.shadowTiddlers.ToolbarCommands.
	replace("syncing ", "revisions syncing ");

config.commands.saveTiddler.isEnabled = function(tiddler) {
	return plugin.hasPermission("write", tiddler) && !tiddler.isReadOnly();
};

config.commands.deleteTiddler.isEnabled = function(tiddler) {
	return !readOnly && plugin.hasPermission("delete", tiddler);
};

// hijack option macro to disable username editing
var _optionMacro = config.macros.option.handler;
config.macros.option.handler = function(place, macroName, params, wikifier,
		paramString) {
	if(params[0] == "txtUserName") {
		params[0] = "options." + params[0];
		var self = this;
		var args = arguments;
		args[0] = $("<span />").appendTo(place)[0];
		plugin.getUserInfo(function(user) {
			config.macros.message.handler.apply(self, args);
		});
	} else {
		_optionMacro.apply(this, arguments);
	}
};

// hijack isReadOnly to take into account permissions and content type
var _isReadOnly = Tiddler.prototype.isReadOnly;
Tiddler.prototype.isReadOnly = function() {
	return _isReadOnly.apply(this, arguments) ||
		!plugin.hasPermission("write", this);
};

var getStatus = function(callback) {
	if(plugin.status.version) {
		callback(plugin.status);
	} else {
		var self = getStatus;
		if(self.pending) {
			if(callback) {
				self.queue.push(callback);
			}
		} else {
			self.pending = true;
			self.queue = callback ? [callback] : [];
			var _callback = function(context, userParams) {
				var status = context.serverStatus || {};
				for(var key in status) {
					if(key == "username") {
						plugin.username = status[key];
						config.macros.option.propagateOption("txtUserName",
							"value", plugin.username, "input");
					} else {
						plugin.status[key] = status[key];
					}
				}
				for(var i = 0; i < self.queue.length; i++) {
					self.queue[i](plugin.status);
				}
				delete self.queue;
				delete self.pending;
			};
			adaptor.getStatus({ host: plugin.host }, null, _callback);
		}
	}
};
(plugin.getStatus = getStatus)(); // XXX: hacky (arcane combo of assignment plus execution)

})(jQuery);
//}}}
/***
|''Name''|ToggleTiddlerPrivacyPlugin|
|''Version''|0.7.1|
|''Status''|@@beta@@|
|''Description''|Allows you to set the privacy of new tiddlers and external tiddlers within an EditTemplate, and allows you to set a default privacy setting|
|''CoreVersion''|2.6.1|
|''Requires''|TiddlySpaceConfig|
|''Source''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace/raw/master/src/plugins/ToggleTiddlerPrivacyPlugin.js|
!Notes
When used in conjunction with TiddlySpaceTiddlerIconsPlugin changing the privacy setting will also interact with any privacy icons.

Currently use of
{{{<<setPrivacy defaultValue:public>>}}} is in conflict with {{{<<newTiddler fields:"server.workspace:x_private">>}}}

There is an option, found in the tweak tab of the backstage, called txtPrivacyMode. Set this to either ''public'' or ''private'' depending on your security preference. If you choose not to set it then it will default to ''public''.
!Params
defaultValue:[private|public]
Allows you to set the default privacy value (Default is private)

!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

	var tiddlyspace = config.extensions.tiddlyspace,
		macro;
	macro = config.macros.setPrivacy = {
		handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
			if(readOnly) {
				return;
			}
			var el = $(story.findContainingTiddler(place)),
				args = paramString.parseParams("name",
					null, true, false, true)[0],
				container = $("<div />").
					addClass("privacySettings").
					appendTo(place)[0],
				currentSpace = tiddlyspace.currentSpace.name,
				currentBag = tiddler ? tiddler.fields["server.bag"] : false,
				// XXX: is the following reliable?
				isNewTiddler = el.hasClass("missing") || !currentBag,
				tiddlerStatus = tiddlyspace.getTiddlerStatusType(tiddler),
				customFields = el.attr("tiddlyfields"),
				defaultValue = "public",
				options = config.macros.tiddlerOrigin ?
						config.macros.tiddlerOrigin.getOptions(paramString) :
						{};
			customFields = customFields ? customFields.decodeHashMap() : {};
			if(isNewTiddler || !["public", "private", "unsyncedPrivate",
					"unsyncedPublic"].contains(tiddlerStatus)) {
				if(args.defaultValue) {
					defaultValue = args.defaultValue[0].toLowerCase();
				} else {
					defaultValue = config.options.chkPrivateMode ?
							"private" : "public";
				}
				defaultValue = defaultValue ?
						"%0_%1".format(currentSpace, defaultValue) :
						customFields["server.bag"];
				this.createRoundel(container, tiddler, currentSpace,
						defaultValue, options);
			}
		},
		updateEditFields: function(tiddlerEl, bag) {
			var saveBagField = $('[edit="server.bag"]', tiddlerEl),
				saveWorkspaceField = $('[edit="server.workspace"]', tiddlerEl),
				input = $("<input />").attr("type", "hidden"),
				workspace = "bags/" + bag;
			if(saveBagField.length === 0) {
				input.clone().attr("edit", "server.bag").val(bag).
					appendTo(tiddlerEl);
			} else {
				saveBagField.val(bag);
			}
			// reset to prevent side effects
			$(tiddlerEl).attr("tiddlyFields", "");
			if(saveWorkspaceField.length === 0) {
				input.clone().attr("edit", "server.workspace").
					val(workspace).appendTo(tiddlerEl);
			} else {
				saveWorkspaceField.val(workspace);
			}
		},
		setBag: function(tiddlerEl, newBag, options) {
			var bagStatus,
				title = $(tiddlerEl).attr("tiddler"),
				tiddler = store.getTiddler(title),
				originButton = $(".originButton", tiddlerEl)[0],
				refreshIcon,
				newWorkspace = "bags/" + newBag,
				rPrivate = $("input[type=radio].isPrivate", tiddlerEl),
				rPublic = $("input[type=radio].isPublic", tiddlerEl);
			refreshIcon = function(type) {
				var originMacro = config.macros.tiddlerOrigin;
				if(originButton && originMacro) {
					options.noclick = true;
					originMacro.showPrivacyRoundel(tiddler, type,
							originButton, options);
				}
			};
			macro.updateEditFields(tiddlerEl, newBag);
			if(tiddler) {
				tiddler.fields["server.bag"] = newBag;
				// for external tiddlers
				tiddler.fields["server.workspace"] = newWorkspace;
			}
			if(newBag.indexOf("_public") > -1) {
				rPrivate.attr("checked", false);
				rPublic.attr("checked", true);
				bagStatus = "public";
			} else {
				rPublic.attr("checked", false); // explicitly do this for ie
				rPrivate.attr("checked", true);
				bagStatus = "private";
			}
			refreshIcon(bagStatus);
		},
		createRoundel: function(container, tiddler, currentSpace,
							   defaultValue, options) {
			var privateBag = "%0_private".format(currentSpace),
				publicBag = "%0_public".format(currentSpace),
				rbtn = $("<input />").attr("type", "radio").
					attr("name", tiddler.title),
				el = story.findContainingTiddler(container);
			rbtn.clone().val("private").addClass("isPrivate").
				appendTo(container);
			$("<label />").text("private").appendTo(container); // TODO: i18n
			rbtn.clone().val("public").addClass("isPublic")
				.appendTo(container);
			$("<label />").text("public").appendTo(container); // TODO: i18n
			$("[type=radio]", container).click(function(ev) {
				var btn = $(ev.target);
				tiddler.fields["server.page.revision"] = "false";
				if(btn.hasClass("isPrivate")) { // private button clicked.
					$(el).addClass("isPrivate").removeClass("isPublic");
					macro.setBag(el, privateBag, options);
				} else {
					$(el).addClass("isPublic").removeClass("isPrivate");
					macro.setBag(el, publicBag, options);
				}
			});
			window.setTimeout(function() {
				macro.setBag(el, defaultValue, options);
			}, 100);
			// annoyingly this is needed as customFields are added to end of EditTemplate so are not present yet
			// and don't seem to respect any existing customFields.
		}
	};

}(jQuery));
//}}}
@@color:blue;''H''@@yper@@color:blue;''T''@@ext @@color:blue;''M''@@arkup @@color:blue;''L''@@anguage

Notionally the location of the "semantics" of the presented text, as distinct from the appearance ([[CSS|css]]) and behaviour ([[javascript]]). Mind you, I haven't read a convincing definition of semantics in this context.
!SpaceUnplugged
{{unpluggedSpaceTab{
{{wizard{
<<image unsyncedIcon width:48>> Sync is currently unavailable in ~TiddlyWiki due to security constraints in modern browsers. Research is being done to build a suitable alternative. In the meantime if you have changed content in an offline ~TiddlyWiki, you can get your content back into ~TiddlySpace by using the ''import'' functionality from the backstage of the online wiki.
}}}
}}}

!Menu
<<message messages.memberStatus>> <<homeLink>>
{{unsyncedList{<<message messages.syncListHeading>> <<list filter [is[unsynced]]>>}}}

running TiddlySpace@glossary version <<message extensions.tiddlyweb.status.tiddlyspace_version>>
{{autotable{
<<tiddler Backstage##Resources>>
}}}

!Resources
[[blog|@@blog]] [[documentation|@@docs]] [[featured spaces|@@featured]] 

!ImportExport
<<fileImport>>
You can download this TiddlySpace as an offline TiddlyWiki:

{{chunkyButton{<<exportSpace>>}}}

!BackstageTiddlers
|upload a <<message messages.privacySetting>> file: <<binaryUpload>>|<<closeAll>><<permaview>><<newTiddler>><<newJournal "DD MMM YYYY" "journal">><<saveChanges>>|
|>|<<search>>|
|>|<<tiddler Backstage##Tiddlers>>|

!Tiddlers
<<tabs
	txtMainTab
	"Recent" "Recently edited tiddlers" TabTimeline
	"All" "All tiddlers" TabAll
	"Public" "All public tiddlers" [[TiddlySpaceTabs##Public]]
	"Private" "All private tiddlers" [[TiddlySpaceTabs##Private]]
	"Tags" "All tags" TabTags
	"Spaces" "Tiddlers grouped by space" [[TiddlySpaceTabs##Spaces]]
	"Missing" "Missing tiddlers" TabMoreMissing
	"Orphans" "Orphaned tiddlers" TabMoreOrphans
	"Shadows" "Shadowed tiddlers" TabMoreShadowed
>>

!BatchOps
<<tabs
	txtPublisherTab
	"Private" "Move tiddlers from private to public" Backstage##BatchPrivate
	"Public" "Move tiddlers from public to private" Backstage##BatchPublic
>>

!BatchPrivate
<<TiddlySpacePublisher type:private>>

!BatchPublic
<<TiddlySpacePublisher type:public>>

!Plugins
''Note:'' Many of these plugins are core TiddlySpace plugins and cannot be changed unless first cloned.

<<tiddler PluginManager>>

!Tweaks
These options change behavior in TiddlyWiki //only// and may be ineffective in TiddlySpace.

<<tiddler AdvancedOptions>>
/***
|''Name''|TiddlySpaceRevertRevision|
|''Description''|Revert to a previous revision|
|''Author''|BenGillies|
|''Version''|0.1|
|''Status''|unstable|
|''Source''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace|
|''CodeRepository''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace|
|''License''|[[BSD|http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php]]|
|''CoreVersion''|2.6.0|
|''Requires''|TiddlyWebAdaptor TiddlySpaceRevisionView|
!Usage
Add a control button to revert to a particular revision.

The button must be called from within a revision, as generated by TiddlySpaceRevisionView
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

config.commands.revert = {
	text: "revert",
	tooltip: "make this revision the current one",
	handler: function(ev, src, title) {
		var revElem = story.getTiddler(title);
		var tidToRevert = store.getTiddler($(revElem).attr("revName"));

		var revision = store.getTiddler(title);
		if ((revision) && (tidToRevert)) {
			tidToRevert.text = revision.text;
			var newFields = merge({}, revision.fields);
			for (var fieldName in newFields) {
				if (fieldName.substr(0, 7) === "server.") {
					delete newFields[fieldName];
				}
			}
			merge(tidToRevert.fields, newFields);
			tidToRevert.tags = merge([], revision.tags);
			tidToRevert.fields.changecount = 1;
			delete tidToRevert.fields.doNotSave;

			store.saveTiddler(tidToRevert.title, tidToRevert.title,
				tidToRevert.text, null, null, tidToRevert.tags,
				tidToRevert.fields, false, tidToRevert.created, tidToRevert.creator);

			autoSaveChanges(true);
		}
	}
};

})(jQuery);
//}}}
<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xl="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" version="1.1" viewBox="2 724 68 55" 
width="30" height="30">
<g stroke="none" stroke-opacity="1" stroke-dasharray="none" fill="none" fill-opacity="1">
	<g>
		<path d="M 2.25 756 L 11.25 747 L 24.75 760.4994 L 60.750004 724.4994 L 69.75 733.49902 
		L 24.749977 778.49976 Z" fill="#101010" class="glyph"/>
	</g>
</g>
</svg>
@@color:blue;''C''@@ascading @@color:blue;''S''@@tyle @@color:blue;''S''@@heets

...separating presentation from semantics ([[html]])
//Recommendation 1.// To afford greater potential for replicability, researchers are encouraged to conduct evidence-based research providing thick descriptions of the participants, contextual elements, and analysis methods.
//Recommendation 2.// Future CSCL studies should focus less attention on the question of whether computer-supported collaborative learning is better than face-to-face collaborative learning, but rather focus on what is uniquely feasible with new technology (group cognition, collaborative knowledge building) and the different ecologies and affordances of CSCL environments and tools that are diverging further and further from face-to-face learning environments.
##//To prepare students for the knowledge society (collaboration skills and knowledge creation)//
##//To enhance student cognitive performance or foster deep understanding//
##//To add flexibility of time and space for cooperative/collaborative learning//
##//To foster student engagement and keep track of student cooperative/collaborative work (online written discourse)//
tasks that require groups to generate ideas 
(There are debates about the extent to which the following are affected by CSCL:
###Academic Achievement 
###Development of Higher order Thinking Skills. 
###Student Satisfaction.
###Individual and Group Products. 
###Group Cognition. 
)
//Recommendation 3.// Researchers are encouraged to apply what they know about face- to-face collaborative learning in their analysis of online interaction in CSCL environments.
//Recommendation 4.// Research is needed on student characteristics, particularly of the neo-millennial students now entering higher education and for whom connectivity and communication via technology (e.g., ~IMing, Blogs, personal web pages, Wikis) is a major part of their lives outside of the classroom. Research is needed to determine whether these students will more likely embrace CSCL, or whether they will feel unnecessarily constrained by the affordances of the current CSCL environments and, if so, what elements will need to change.
//Recommendation 5.// More research is needed on the design elements of CSCL tool software to determine the extent to which they support, structure, regulate, facilitate or constrain the interactions of teachers and students 
//Recommendation 6.// Research is needed on the organizational issues related to implementing CSCL in higher education to determine the essential conditions that must be in place for effective faculty use of CSCL (with particular attention to the level of support provided).
|||!Engine|>|>|>|>|>|>|
||| Google | Ivona | Samsung | SVOX | Cereproc | Pico |
|''SSML tag''|''SSML element''|||||||
|audio|src"=//filename//"|N|This works when the URI is ''file'' or ''http'', but not when ''https'' (SSML doesn't support SSL)||N|N|N|
|speak|xml|fair|excellent|Reads XML|limited|limited|Silence|
|speak|lang|N|N||N|N|N|
|voice|gender|N|N|N|N|N|N|
||name|N|N|N|N|N|N|
|break||Y|Y|?|Y|Y|N|
|say-as|interpret-as|Y|Y|N|Y|Y|N|
|||US= /Yew Ess/ |US= /Yew Ess/||US=/United States/|US= /Yew Ess/||
|phoneme|alphabet = "ipa"|N|Y|N|Y|N|N|
|prosody|rate|N|Y|N|Y|Y|N|
||contour|N|N|N|Y|Y|N|
|emphasis||N|Y|N|Y|N|N|
|mark||?|N|?|?|?|N|
|lexicon||?|N|N|?|?|N|
|<s>|||Y|||||
|<p>|||Y|||||
Jermann, P. (2002) Task and Interaction Regulation in Controlling a Traffic Simulation. In G. Stahl (Ed.) //Computer Support for Collaborative
Learning//. Proceedings of ~CSCL2002, Boulder, Colorado. (pp. 301-302), Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

A detailed discussion of an experiment in using //interactivity visualisation// as a part of a group training activity. The experiment characterises the group activity as a distributed cognitive sociocognitive system. This requires a 3-variable analysis of
#initial conditions
#interaction
#products
in which interaction has to be treated as both an independent and a dependent variable.

Interaction can be either built into the structure of the task, or "coached". This experiment tries to implement a form of coaching through the "interactivity meters". The paper is more interesting for its methodological account than its results, which don't appear strong (but I'm not sure I know enough statistics to be sure of that). Broadly though, the "comparative meter" appeared to be more useful than the "cumulative meter" or no meter. (Comparative illustrates indivual contribution to task, cumulative, group time spent on task). The most successful groups were those that spent more time in planning activities where both members were named than in task activities.

Concludes that communication and planning are effective, but that particpants do not effectively monitor these aspects of their behaviour, even if made explicit.



An acronym for Web Ontology Language (I don't know why). Intended as a high level component of the [[Semantic Web]] (which I personally believe to be a fantasy devoid of anything exept consulting fees)
Once you have some content then you may choose to determine a tiddler, or set of tiddlers to display each time you load ~TiddlySpace. This is determined by the [[DefaultTiddlers]].
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
	<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;charset=utf-8">
	<title>This Space</title>
	<link href="/bags/common/tiddlers/profile.css" type='text/css' rel='stylesheet' >
	<link href="/bags/common/tiddlers/admin.css" type='text/css' rel='stylesheet' >
	<!--[if lte IE 8]>
	<script type="text/javascript" src="/bags/common/tiddlers/json2.js"></script>
	<script type="text/javascript" src="/bags/common/tiddlers/es5-shim.min.js"></script>
	<![endif]-->
</head>
<body>
<div id="container">
	<div id="text-html" class="main section">
		<a class="app" href="/">home</a>
		<div class="left">
		<h2>About this space <button class='toggleNext'></button></h2>
		<div id="siteinfo"></div>
		<h2>Site Icon</h2>
		<div>
			<img id="siteicon" class="siteicon">
			<form id="upload" method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data">
				<input type="hidden" name="title" value="SiteIcon" />
				<input type="hidden" name="tags" value="excludeLists">
				<input type="hidden" name="csrf_token" class="csrf" />
				<input type="file" name="file" accept="image/*" />
				<input class="btn" type="submit" value="upload" />
			</form>
			<div id="dropzone">Drop file here
				<img class="notloading" src="/bags/common/tiddlers/ajax-loader.gif" alt="submitting SiteIcon" />
			</div>
		</div>
		<h2>Vital Statistics</h2>
		<div id="info">please wait while information is loaded about this space...</div>
		<button class="spacereset">Reset Space</button>
		<div class="reset-confirm-wrap messageArea">
			<button class="close-btn" title="cancel reset">×</button>
			<p>Are you sure you want to reset the space? You can't go back! This will remove all the content from the space!</p>
			<form class="cf">
				<label for="reset-confirm">Enter the space name to confirm.</label>
				<input type="text" name="reset-confirm" class="reset-confirm-input inputBox" />
				<button type="submit">Reset Now</button>
			</form>
			<div class="reset-message-area">
				<p class="performing">Resetting...</p>
				<p class="finished">Reset Done!</p>
				<p class="recipe-error-msg">Error removing includes. Please remove manually.</p>
			</div>
		</div>
		</div>
		<div class="right">
		<div class="ts-membership">
			<h2>
				Add Member
				<a href="http://docs.tiddlyspace.com/What%20is%20a%20member%3F" title="What is a Member?" class="help">What is a Member?</a>
			</h2>
			<div>
				<p>Add a new member to your space by entering their name below. Enter a space name instead and prefix with @ to add everyone who is already a member of that space.</p>
				<form class="ts-members">
					<input class="inputBox" type="text" name="username">
					<input type="submit" value="Add Member" class="btn" />
				</form>
			</div>
			<h2>
				Existing Members <button class='toggleNext'></button>
			</h2>
			<div>
				Your space currently has the following members: 
				<ul class="ts-members"></ul>
			</div>
			<h2>
				Include Space
				<a class="help" href="http://docs.tiddlyspace.com/What%20is%20space%20inclusion%3F" title="What is inclusion?">What is Inclusion?</a>
			</h2>
			<form class="ts-includes">
				<input class="inputBox" type="text" name="spacename">
				<input type="submit" value="Include Space" class="btn" />
			</form>
		</div>
		<div>
			<h2>Included Spaces <button class='toggleNext'></button></h2>
			<div>
			This space includes the following spaces:
			<ul class="ts-includes"></ul>
			</div>
		</div>
		</div>
		<div class="clear"></div>
	</div>
</div>
<script src='/bags/common/tiddlers/backstage.js'></script>
<script src='/bags/common/tiddlers/jquery.js'></script>
<script src='/bags/tiddlyspace/tiddlers/chrjs'></script>
<script src='/bags/common/tiddlers/chrjs.space'></script>
<script src='/bags/common/tiddlers/chrjs.users'></script>
<script src='/bags/common/tiddlers/chrjs.identities'></script>
<script src='/bags/tiddlyspace/tiddlers/TiddlySpaceCSRF'></script>
<script src='/bags/common/tiddlers/jquery-form.js'></script>
<script src="/bags/common/tiddlers/siteiconupload.js"></script>
<script src="/bags/common/tiddlers/ts.js"></script>
<script src="/status.js"></script>
<script src="/bags/common/tiddlers/space.js"></script>
</body>
</html>
User-agent: *
Disallow: /bags
Disallow: /recipes
/***
|''Name''|ErrorHandlerPlugin|
|''Version''|0.4.3|
|''Author''|Jon Robson|
|''Description''|Localised tiddler save errors including edit conflict resolution.|
|''CoreVersion''|2.6.1|
|''Requires''|TiddlySpaceConfig|
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

var tiddlyspace = config.extensions.tiddlyspace;
var currentSpace = tiddlyspace.currentSpace.name;
tiddlyspace.getLocalTitle = function(title, workspace, suffix) {
	var endsWith = config.extensions.BinaryTiddlersPlugin.endsWith;
	if(!suffix) {
		var isPublic = endsWith(workspace, "_public");
		suffix = tiddlyspace.resolveSpaceName(workspace);
		if(currentSpace == suffix) {
			suffix = isPublic ? "public" : "private";
		} else {
			suffix = "@%0".format(suffix);
		}
	}
	return "%0 *(%1)*".format(title, suffix);
};

var sssp = config.extensions.ServerSideSavingPlugin;

var msgs = config.messages.editConflict = {
	loading: "Loading..",
	resolve: "[[Edit Conflict]]@glossary: this tiddler may have been changed by someone else.",
	reviewDiff: "review (recommended)",
	reviewDiffTooltip: "review changes made to this tiddler",
	reviewDiffError: "error retrieving revision.",
	save: "overwrite",
	saveTooltip: "make this revision the top revision of this tiddler",
	discard: "cancel",
	discardTooltip: "undo changes to this tiddler and get most recent version",
	diffTitle: "%0",
	diffFieldTitle: "%0 - fields",
	diffTextTitle: "%0 - text",
	updating: "updating your version...",
	diffHeader: ["Review the changes that have been made whilst you were editing this tiddler. ",
		"Fold relevant changes back into your version.\n",
		"{{removed{Red}}} highlight shows content removed. ",
		"{{added{Green}}} highlight shows content added.\n"].join(""),
	diffTextHeader: "View changes in text",
	diffFieldsHeader: "View changes in fields"
};

var plugin = config.extensions.errorHandler = {
	diffTags: ["excludeLists", "excludeMissing", "excludeSearch"],
	displayMessage: function(message, tiddler, context) {
		var desc = context && context.httpStatus ? context.statusText :
			sssp.locale.connectionError;
		var reportArea = plugin.reportError(tiddler.title);
		var msg = $("<div />").appendTo(reportArea);
		if(message == "saveConflict") {
			wikify(msgs.resolve, msg[0]);
			var choiceArea = $("<div />").appendTo(reportArea)[0];
			plugin.editConflictHandler(choiceArea, tiddler);
		} else {
			msg.text(sssp.locale[message].format(tiddler.title, desc));
		}
	},
	editConflictHandler: function(container, tiddler) {
		var title = tiddler.title;
		var myrev = tiddler.fields["server.page.revision"];
		// note user now needs to edit, fix problem and save. 
		// TODO: make sure this gets reset in save callback
		store.getTiddler(title).fields["server.page.revision"] = "false";

		var diffBtn = createTiddlyButton(container, msgs.reviewDiff, msgs.reviewDiffTooltip, function(ev) {
			var title = $(ev.target).data("title");
			plugin.displayDiff(ev.target, store.getTiddler(title), myrev);
		});
		var saveBtn = createTiddlyButton(container, msgs.save, msgs.saveTooltip, function(ev) {
				var title = $(ev.target).data("title");
				var tid = store.saveTiddler(store.getTiddler(title));
				autoSaveChanges(null, [tid]);
			});
		var ignoreBtn = createTiddlyButton(container, msgs.discard, msgs.discardTooltip, function(ev) {
			var title = $(ev.target).text(msgs.updating).data("title");
			plugin.resetToServerVersion(store.getTiddler(title));
		});
		$([diffBtn, ignoreBtn, saveBtn]).data("title", title);
	},
	getDiffTiddlerTexts: function(diffText) {
		var chunks = diffText.split("\n  \n");
		if(chunks.length < 2) {
			return [chunks[0], ""];
		} else {
			var diffFieldsText = "{{diff{\n%0\n}}}".format(chunks[0]);
			diffText = '{{diff{\n%0\n}}}'.format(chunks.splice(1, chunks.length).join("\n"));
			return [diffText, diffFieldsText];
		}
	},
	makeDiffTiddler: function(title, diff) {
		var newTiddler = new Tiddler(title);
		var tags = plugin.diffTags;
		newTiddler.text = msgs.loading;
		newTiddler.fields.doNotSave = true;
		newTiddler.tags = diff ? tags.concat(["diff"]) : tags;
		newTiddler = store.saveTiddler(newTiddler);
		$.extend(store.getTiddler(title).fields,
			config.defaultCustomFields); // allow option to save it
		return newTiddler;
	},
	displayDiff: function(src, tiddler, latestRevision) {
		var adaptor = tiddler.getAdaptor();
		var title = tiddler.title;
		var ts = new Date().formatString("0hh:0mm:0ss");
		var suffix = "edit conflict %0".format(ts);
		var diffTitle = tiddlyspace.getLocalTitle(msgs.diffTitle.format(title), "", suffix);
		var diffTextTitle = tiddlyspace.getLocalTitle(msgs.diffTextTitle.format(title), "", suffix);
		var diffFieldsTitle = tiddlyspace.getLocalTitle(msgs.diffFieldTitle.format(title), "", suffix);
		plugin.makeDiffTiddler(diffTextTitle, true);
		plugin.makeDiffTiddler(diffFieldsTitle, true);
		var newTiddler = plugin.makeDiffTiddler(diffTitle, false);
		newTiddler.text = ['%0\n<<slider chkViewDiffText "%1" "%2">>\n',
			'<<slider chkViewDiffField "%3" "%4">>'].join("").
			format(msgs.diffHeader, diffTextTitle, msgs.diffTextHeader,
				diffFieldsTitle, msgs.diffFieldsHeader);
		store.saveTiddler(newTiddler);

		var callback = function(r) {
			var text = plugin.getDiffTiddlerTexts(r);
			store.getTiddler(diffTextTitle).text = text[0];
			store.getTiddler(diffFieldsTitle).text = text[1];
			story.refreshTiddler(diffTitle, null, true);
		};
		var workspace = "bags/%0".format(tiddler.fields["server.bag"]);
		ajaxReq({
			type: "get",
			dataType: "text",
			url: "/diff?format=unified&rev1=%0/%1/%2&rev2=%0/%1".format(workspace, title, latestRevision),
			success: callback,
			error: function() {
				displayMessage(msgs.reviewDiffError);
			}
		});
		story.displayTiddler(src, diffTitle);
	},
	resetToServerVersion: function(tiddler) {
		var adaptor = tiddler.getAdaptor();
		var ctx = { 
			host: tiddler.fields["server.host"],
			workspace: "bags/" + tiddler.fields["server.bag"]
		};
		adaptor.getTiddler(tiddler.title, ctx, null, function(context) {
			store.saveTiddler(context.tiddler);
			story.refreshTiddler(tiddler.title);
			store.setDirty(false);
		});
	},
	reportError: function(title) {
		var el = story.getTiddler(title);
		if(!el) {
			el = story.displayTiddler(null, title);
		}
		return $("<div />").addClass("error annotation").prependTo(el)[0];
	}
};

sssp.reportFailure = function(message, tiddler, context) {
	config.options.chkViewDiffText = config.options.chkViewDiffText === undefined ?
		true : config.options.chkViewDiffText;
	config.options.chkViewDiffFields = config.options.chkViewDiffFields || false;
	plugin.displayMessage(message, tiddler, context);
};

})(jQuery);
//}}}
Pickard, V. (1994). Producing a concordanced-based self-access vocabulary package:Some problems and solutions, In L. Flowerdew, & A.K.K. Tong (Eds.), //Entering text//, 215-227. Hong Kong: The Hong Kong University of Science & Technology.

cross-referenced from elsewhere
Oxford, R., Shearin, J. 1994 Language Learning Motivation: Expanding the Theoretical Framework //The Modern Language Journal// 78(1) pp.12-28

Proposes to expand the motivational framework beyond instrumental (Gardner //et. al//) and integrative motivations. Identifies four obstacles to understanding the role of motivation in L2:
#no consensus on definition
#confusion over differences between "foreign" and "L2" scenarios
#Overlooking of research from outside education
#teachers failure to identify students' //real// reasons

Suggests adding:
#Needs-based
##Hierarchy cf. Maslow
##Need-achievement
###Fear-of-failure
###Fear-of-success
#Expectancy-value (Instrumentality theory, but //not// as Gardner, above)
##VIE (Valence, Instrumentality, Expectancy)
##Goal-theory
#Equity
#Reinforcement (Behaviorist, characterised by a number of empirical problems)

A new synthesis includes:
#Self-efficacy
#Mastery (more effective than relative performance)

There is a brief discussion of Piaget & Vygotsky but it's not really clear how this links into the motivational discussion. Piaget takes the notion of motivation as largely intrinsic/unconscious. No direct reference to motivation in Vygotsky is provided; rather the observation is made that to progress through the <html><span title="Zone of Proximal Development">ZPD</span></html> motivation is required. That's somewhat //post hoc//. Vygotsky's references to "language skills" in learning have always seemed to me a kind of "Language for Specific Purposes"- it's not clear that this extends as easily to L2 learning as the authors assume here. 
See [[Engeli 2001]]; the idea is that groups share intermediate step data in a common space on a phase-by-phase build. At the end of each phase, groups can re-found their work on another group's intermediate output.
Ma, B. K. C. 1993 Small-corpora concordancing in ESL teaching and learning, //Hong Kong Papers in Linguistics and Language//, Vol. 16, pp.16-30

Relies on Levy and Johns to a large degree for wherefores, but also references a couple of specific small corpora reseach projects (Ma 1993a, and Flowerdew, and Pickens). Reiterates that it is an under-researched field and much of what has been said remains speculative. It is important to note that there is a large school of thought that does not believe in authentic texts. Small corpora discussed in published papers typically range from 10000-odd words up to 60000-odd words. Corpora also have a role in test generation.

It is clear that many research projects based around concordances have identified "real" patterns that diverge significantly from textbook-taught grammar.



[[Shareable Content Object Reference Model|http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharable_Content_Object_Reference_Model]]
/***
|''Name''|TiddlySpaceTiddlerIconsPlugin|
|''Version''|0.8.10|
|''Status''|@@beta@@|
|''Author''|Jon Robson|
|''Description''|Provides ability to render SiteIcons and icons that correspond to the home location of given tiddlers|
|''Source''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace/raw/master/src/plugins/TiddlySpaceTiddlerIconsPlugin.js|
|''Requires''|TiddlySpaceConfig BinaryTiddlersPlugin ImageMacroPlugin TiddlySpacePublishingCommands|
!Notes
{{{<<tiddlerOrigin>>}}} shows the origin of the tiddler it is being run on.
In TiddlySpace terms this means it will determine whether the tiddler is external, public or private.
Where private it will analyse whether a public version exists and distinguish between the different scenarios.
If a tiddler is external, the SiteIcon of that external space will be shown

!Parameters
width / height : define a width or height of the outputted icon
label: if label parameter is set to yes, a label will accompany the icon.
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

if(!config.macros.image) {
	throw "Missing dependency: ImageMacroPlugin";
}

var imageMacro = config.macros.image;
var tiddlyspace = config.extensions.tiddlyspace;
var tweb = config.extensions.tiddlyweb;
var cmds = config.commands;
var cmd = cmds.publishTiddler;
tiddlyspace.resolveSpaceName = function(value) {
	var endsWith = config.extensions.BinaryTiddlersPlugin.endsWith;
	if(value) {
		value = value.indexOf("bags/") === 0 ? value.substr(5) : value;
		value = value.indexOf("recipes/") === 0 ? value.substr(8) : value;
		if(value.indexOf("@") === 0) {
			value = value.substr(1);
		}
		if(endsWith(value, "_public")) {
			value = value.substr(0, value.length - 7);
		} else if(endsWith(value, "_private")) {
			value = value.substr(0, value.length - 8);
		}
		value = value.toLowerCase();
	}
	return value;
};

tiddlyspace.renderAvatar = function(place, value, options) {
	options = options ? options : {};
	options.labelOptions = options.labelOptions ? options.labelOptions : { include: false, height: 48, width: 48 };
	options.imageOptions = options.imageOptions ? options.imageOptions : {};
	options.imageOptions.altImage = "/bags/common/tiddlers/defaultUserIcon";
	var container = $('<div class="siteIcon" />').appendTo(place);
	value = tiddlyspace.resolveSpaceName(value);

	tweb.getStatus(function(status) {
		var link, noLabel;
		if(!value || value == config.views.wikified.defaultModifier ||
			value == config.views.wikified.shadowModifier) {
			var icon = config.views.wikified.shadowModifier == value ? "shadowIcon" : "missingIcon";
			if(store.tiddlerExists(icon)) {
				imageMacro.renderImage(container, icon, options.imageOptions);
			} else {
				noLabel = true;
			}
		} else {
			var spaceURI;
			if(value != tiddlyspace.currentSpace.name) {
				spaceURI = options.notSpace ? tiddlyspace.getHost(status.server_host) :
					tiddlyspace.getHost(status.server_host, value);
			}
			link = spaceURI ? $("<a />").attr("href", spaceURI) : $("<span />");
			link.text(value);

			var imageOptions = options.imageOptions;
			if(options.spaceLink && !imageOptions.link) {
				imageOptions.link = spaceURI;
			}
			var avatar = options.notSpace ? false : value;
			var uri = tiddlyspace.getAvatar(status.server_host, avatar);
			imageMacro.renderImage(container, uri, options.imageOptions);
			if(!value) {
				value = "tiddlyspace";
			}
		}
		if(!noLabel && options.labelOptions.include) {
			var prefix = $("<span />").text(options.labelOptions.prefix || "")[0];
			var suffix = $("<span />").text(options.labelOptions.suffix || "")[0];
			$('<div class="label" />').append(prefix).append(link).
				append(suffix).appendTo(container);
		}
	});
	if(value) {
		var prefix = options.labelOptions.prefix || "";
		var suffix = options.labelOptions.suffix || "";
		var label = "%0%1%2".format(prefix, value, suffix);
		$(container).attr("title", label);
	}
};

var originMacro = config.macros.tiddlerOrigin = {
	locale: {
		"shadow": "shadow tiddler",
		"missing": "missing tiddler",
		"private": "private",
		"unknown": "unknown state",
		"public": "public",
		"unsyncedPrivate": "unsynced and private",
		"unsyncedPublic": "unsynced and public",
		externalPrefix: "from ",
		externalBagSuffix: " bag",
		externalSuffix: " space",
		publishPrivateDeletePrivate: "Are you sure you want to make this tiddler public?",
		moveToPrivate: "Are you sure you want to make this tiddler private? Only members will be able to see it.",
		pleaseWait: "please wait..",
		keepPublic: "keep public",
		cannotPublishDirtyTiddler: "The current tiddler is unsaved so cannot be published. Please save the tiddler first.",
		keepPrivate: "keep private",
		makePublic: "make public",
		makePrivate: "make private"
	},
	handler: function(place, macroName, params,wikifier, paramString, tiddler){
		var adaptor = tiddler.getAdaptor();
		var btn = $("<div />").addClass("originButton").attr("params", paramString).
			attr("refresh", "macro").attr("macroName", macroName).appendTo(place)[0];
		$(btn).data("tiddler", tiddler);
		originMacro.refresh(btn);
	},
	refresh: function(btn) {
		$(btn).empty();
		var paramString = $(btn).attr("params");
		var tiddler = $(btn).data("tiddler");
		var options = originMacro.getOptions(paramString);
		var type = tiddlyspace.getTiddlerStatusType(tiddler);
		originMacro.renderIcon(tiddler, type, btn, options);
	},
	getOptions: function(paramString) {
		paramString = "%0 label:no width:48 height:48 spaceLink:yes preserveAspectRatio:yes".format(paramString);
		var parsedParams = paramString.parseParams("name");
		var params = parsedParams[0].name;
		var options = {
			labelOptions: originMacro._getLabelOptions(parsedParams),
			imageOptions: imageMacro.getArguments(paramString, []),
			noclick: parsedParams[0].interactive &&
				parsedParams[0].interactive[0] == "no" ? true : false
		};
		if(!options.noclick) {
			var spaceLink = parsedParams[0].spaceLink;
			options.spaceLink = spaceLink && spaceLink[0] == "no" ? false : true;
		} else {
			options.spaceLink = false;
		}
		return options;
	},
	_getLabelOptions: function(parsedParams) {
		parsedParams = parsedParams[0];
		var includeLabel = !parsedParams.label || ( parsedParams.label && parsedParams.label[0] == "yes" );
		var prefix = parsedParams.labelPrefix ? parsedParams.labelPrefix[0] : false;
		var suffix = parsedParams.labelSuffix ? parsedParams.labelSuffix[0] : false;
		return { include: includeLabel, suffix: suffix, prefix: prefix };
	},
	_isSpace: function(value) {
		value = value ? value : "";
		var endsWith = config.extensions.BinaryTiddlersPlugin.endsWith;
		if(endsWith(value, "_private") || endsWith(value, "_public")) {
			return true;
		} else {
			return false;
		}
	},
	renderIcon: function(tiddler, type, button, options) {
		var locale = originMacro.locale;
		originMacro.annotateTiddler(button, type);
		if(type != "external") {
			originMacro.showPrivacyRoundel(tiddler, type, button,
				options);
		} else {
			var prefix = options.labelOptions.prefix, suffix = options.labelOptions.suffix;
			var space = tiddler.fields["server.bag"];
			options.notSpace = !originMacro._isSpace(space);
			options.labelOptions.prefix = prefix ? prefix : locale.externalPrefix;
			options.labelOptions.suffix = suffix ? suffix : (options.notSpace ? locale.externalBagSuffix : locale.externalSuffix);

			tiddlyspace.renderAvatar(button, space, options);
		}
	},
	showPrivacyRoundel: function(thisTiddler, privacyType, button, options) {
		// there is a public tiddler as well as the current tiddler!
		// TODO: not this is not enough.. we also need to check if the public tiddler is the same as..
		// .. the private tiddler to determine whether this is a draft
		// use of hashes would be useful here.
		$(button).empty();
		var icon = "%0Icon".format(privacyType);
		if(privacyType.indexOf("unsynced") === 0 && !store.tiddlerExists(icon)) {
			icon = "unsyncedIcon";
		}
		if(privacyType == "shadow") {
			if(!store.tiddlerExists(icon)) {
				icon = "bags/tiddlyspace/tiddlers/SiteIcon";
			}
		}
		if(privacyType == "missing" && !store.tiddlerExists(icon)) {
			return; // the user is not making use of the missingIcon
		} else {
			imageMacro.renderImage(button, icon, options.imageOptions);
			originMacro.showLabel(button, privacyType, options.labelOptions);
			var cmd = originMacro.iconCommands[privacyType];
			if(cmd && thisTiddler && !options.noclick) {
				$(button).click(function(ev) {
					cmd(ev, thisTiddler);
				});
			}
		}
	},
	annotateTiddler: function(place, type) {
		var tidEl = $(story.findContainingTiddler(place));
		tidEl.
			removeClass("private public external privateAndPublic privateNotPublic shadow").
			addClass(type);
	},
	showLabel: function(button, type, options) {
		var locale = originMacro.locale;
		var label = options.label ? options.label : locale[type];
		label = label ? label : locale.unknown;
		if(options && options.include) {
			$('<div class="roundelLabel" />').html(label).appendTo(button);
		}
		$(button).attr("title", label);
	},
	confirm: function(ev, msg, onYes, options) {
		options = options ? options : {};
		onYes = onYes ? onYes : function(ev) {};
		var btn = $(".originButton", $(ev.target).parents())[0];
		var popup = Popup.create(btn);
		$(popup).addClass("confirmationPopup");
		$("<div />").addClass("message").text(msg).appendTo(popup);
		$("<button />").addClass("button").text(options.yesLabel || "yes").appendTo(popup).click(onYes);
		$("<button />").addClass("button").text(options.noLabel || "no").click(function(ev) {
			Popup.remove();
		}).appendTo(popup);
		Popup.show();
		ev.stopPropagation();
		return false;
	},
	alert: function(ev, msg) {
		var popup = Popup.create(ev.target);
		$(popup).addClass("confirmationPopup alert");
		$("<div />").addClass("message").text(msg).appendTo(popup);
		Popup.show();
		ev.stopPropagation();
	},
	reportDirty: function(el) {
		originMacro.alert(el, originMacro.locale.cannotPublishDirtyTiddler);
	},
	iconCommands: {
		"public": function(ev, tiddler) {
			if(!readOnly) {
				var locale = originMacro.locale;
				var msg = locale.moveToPrivate;
				if(story.isDirty(tiddler.title)) {
					originMacro.reportDirty(ev);
				} else {
					originMacro.confirm(ev, msg, function(ev) {
						var target = $(ev.target);
						var onComplete = function(info) {};
						var privateBag = cmd.toggleBag(tiddler, "private");
						cmd.moveTiddler(tiddler, {
							title: tiddler.title,
							fields: { "server.bag": privateBag }
						}, onComplete);
					}, { yesLabel: locale.makePrivate, noLabel: locale.keepPublic });
				}
			}
		},
		"private": function(ev, tiddler) {
			if(!readOnly) {
				var locale = originMacro.locale;
				var adaptor = tiddler.getAdaptor();
				var publishTo = tiddler.fields["publish.name"] || tiddler.title;
				var workspace = "bags/%0".format(tiddler.fields["server.bag"]);
				tiddler.fields["server.workspace"] = workspace;
				var publicBag = cmd.toggleBag(tiddler, "public");
				var msg;
				msg = locale.publishPrivateDeletePrivate;
				var title = tiddler.title;
				var newTitle = publishTo || tiddler.title;
				tiddler.fields["server.page.revision"] = "false";
				store.addTiddler(tiddler);
				if(story.isDirty(tiddler.title)) {
					originMacro.reportDirty(ev);
				} else {
					originMacro.confirm(ev, msg, function(ev) {
						var onComplete = function(info) {};
						cmd.moveTiddler(tiddler, {
							title: newTitle,
							fields: { "server.bag": publicBag }
						}, onComplete);
					}, { yesLabel: locale.makePublic, noLabel: locale.keepPrivate });
				}
			}
		}
	}
};

})(jQuery);
//}}}
Inaba & Okamoto, Development of the intelligent discussion support system for collaborative learning. //Proceedings of ~Ed-Telecom '96//

Currently not available
Visser, L. (1998) The development of motivational communication in distance education support. Report for the Educational Technology Department (Twente, University of Twente, The Netherlands).

Motivational messages were sent out from the teacher according to a predetermined timetable of predicted student stress, and also on the identification of certain student behaviours. This is to a degree independent of course design factors. Reported successful compared with other programs not using this strategy, metric being retention.
/***
|''Name''|ServerSideSavingPlugin|
|''Description''|server-side saving|
|''Author''|FND|
|''Version''|0.6.5|
|''Status''|stable|
|''Source''|http://svn.tiddlywiki.org/Trunk/association/plugins/ServerSideSavingPlugin.js|
|''License''|[[BSD|http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php]]|
|''CoreVersion''|2.5.3|
|''Keywords''|serverSide|
!Notes
This plugin relies on a dedicated adaptor to be present.
The specific nature of this plugin depends on the respective server.
!Revision History
!!v0.1 (2008-11-24)
* initial release
!!v0.2 (2008-12-01)
* added support for local saving
!!v0.3 (2008-12-03)
* added Save to Web macro for manual synchronization
!!v0.4 (2009-01-15)
* removed ServerConfig dependency by detecting server type from the respective tiddlers
!!v0.5 (2009-08-25)
* raised CoreVersion to 2.5.3 to take advantage of core fixes
!!v0.6 (2010-04-21)
* added notification about cross-domain restrictions to ImportTiddlers
!To Do
* conflict detection/resolution
* rename to ServerLinkPlugin?
* document deletion/renaming convention
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

readOnly = false; //# enable editing over HTTP

var plugin = config.extensions.ServerSideSavingPlugin = {};

plugin.locale = {
	saved: "%0 saved successfully",
	saveError: "Error saving %0: %1",
	saveConflict: "Error saving %0: edit conflict",
	deleted: "Removed %0",
	deleteError: "Error removing %0: %1",
	deleteLocalError: "Error removing %0 locally",
	removedNotice: "This tiddler has been deleted.",
	connectionError: "connection could not be established",
	hostError: "Unable to import from this location due to cross-domain restrictions."
};

plugin.sync = function(tiddlers) {
	tiddlers = tiddlers && tiddlers[0] ? tiddlers : store.getTiddlers();
	$.each(tiddlers, function(i, tiddler) {
		var changecount = parseInt(tiddler.fields.changecount, 10);
		if(tiddler.fields.deleted === "true" && changecount === 1) {
			plugin.removeTiddler(tiddler);
		} else if(tiddler.isTouched() && !tiddler.doNotSave() &&
				tiddler.getServerType() && tiddler.fields["server.host"]) { // XXX: server.host could be empty string
			delete tiddler.fields.deleted;
			plugin.saveTiddler(tiddler);
		}
	});
};

plugin.saveTiddler = function(tiddler) {
	try {
		var adaptor = this.getTiddlerServerAdaptor(tiddler);
	} catch(ex) {
		return false;
	}
	var context = {
		tiddler: tiddler,
		changecount: tiddler.fields.changecount,
		workspace: tiddler.fields["server.workspace"]
	};
	var serverTitle = tiddler.fields["server.title"]; // indicates renames
	if(!serverTitle) {
		tiddler.fields["server.title"] = tiddler.title;
	} else if(tiddler.title != serverTitle) {
		return adaptor.moveTiddler({ title: serverTitle },
			{ title: tiddler.title }, context, null, this.saveTiddlerCallback);
	}
	var req = adaptor.putTiddler(tiddler, context, {}, this.saveTiddlerCallback);
	return req ? tiddler : false;
};

plugin.saveTiddlerCallback = function(context, userParams) {
	var tiddler = context.tiddler;
	if(context.status) {
		if(tiddler.fields.changecount == context.changecount) { //# check for changes since save was triggered
			tiddler.clearChangeCount();
		} else if(tiddler.fields.changecount > 0) {
			tiddler.fields.changecount -= context.changecount;
		}
		plugin.reportSuccess("saved", tiddler);
		store.setDirty(false);
	} else {
		if(context.httpStatus == 412) {
			plugin.reportFailure("saveConflict", tiddler);
		} else {
			plugin.reportFailure("saveError", tiddler, context);
		}
	}
};

plugin.removeTiddler = function(tiddler) {
	try {
		var adaptor = this.getTiddlerServerAdaptor(tiddler);
	} catch(ex) {
		return false;
	}
	var context = {
		host: tiddler.fields["server.host"],
		workspace: tiddler.fields["server.workspace"],
		tiddler: tiddler
	};
	var req = adaptor.deleteTiddler(tiddler, context, {}, this.removeTiddlerCallback);
	return req ? tiddler : false;
};

plugin.removeTiddlerCallback = function(context, userParams) {
	var tiddler = context.tiddler;
	if(context.status) {
		if(tiddler.fields.deleted === "true") {
			store.deleteTiddler(tiddler.title);
		} else {
			plugin.reportFailure("deleteLocalError", tiddler);
		}
		plugin.reportSuccess("deleted", tiddler);
		store.setDirty(false);
	} else {
		plugin.reportFailure("deleteError", tiddler, context);
	}
};

plugin.getTiddlerServerAdaptor = function(tiddler) { // XXX: rename?
	var type = tiddler.fields["server.type"] || config.defaultCustomFields["server.type"];
	return new config.adaptors[type]();
};

plugin.reportSuccess = function(msg, tiddler) {
	displayMessage(plugin.locale[msg].format([tiddler.title]));
};

plugin.reportFailure = function(msg, tiddler, context) {
	var desc = (context && context.httpStatus) ? context.statusText :
		plugin.locale.connectionError;
	displayMessage(plugin.locale[msg].format([tiddler.title, desc]));
};

config.macros.saveToWeb = { // XXX: hijack existing sync macro?
	locale: { // TODO: merge with plugin.locale?
		btnLabel: "save to web",
		btnTooltip: "synchronize changes",
		btnAccessKey: null
	},

	handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString, tiddler) {
		createTiddlyButton(place, this.locale.btnLabel, this.locale.btnTooltip,
			plugin.sync, null, null, this.locale.btnAccessKey);
	}
};

// hijack saveChanges to trigger remote saving
var _saveChanges = saveChanges;
saveChanges = function(onlyIfDirty, tiddlers) {
	if(window.location.protocol == "file:") {
		_saveChanges.apply(this, arguments);
	} else {
		plugin.sync(tiddlers);
	}
};

// override removeTiddler to flag tiddler as deleted -- XXX: use hijack to preserve compatibility?
TiddlyWiki.prototype.removeTiddler = function(title) { // XXX: should override deleteTiddler instance method?
	var tiddler = this.fetchTiddler(title);
	if(tiddler) {
		tiddler.tags = ["excludeLists", "excludeSearch", "excludeMissing"];
		tiddler.text = plugin.locale.removedNotice;
		tiddler.fields.deleted = "true"; // XXX: rename to removed/tiddlerRemoved?
		tiddler.fields.changecount = "1";
		this.notify(title, true);
		this.setDirty(true);
	}
};

// hijack ImportTiddlers wizard to handle cross-domain restrictions
var _onOpen = config.macros.importTiddlers.onOpen;
config.macros.importTiddlers.onOpen = function(ev) {
	var btn = $(resolveTarget(ev));
	var url = btn.closest(".wizard").find("input[name=txtPath]").val();
	if(window.location.protocol != "file:" && url.indexOf("://") != -1) {
		var host = url.split("/")[2];
		var macro = config.macros.importTiddlers;
		if(host != window.location.host) {
			btn.text(macro.cancelLabel).attr("title", macro.cancelPrompt);
			btn[0].onclick = macro.onCancel;
			$('<span class="status" />').text(plugin.locale.hostError).insertAfter(btn);
			return false;
		}
	}
	return _onOpen.apply(this, arguments);
};

})(jQuery);
//}}}
/***
|''Name''|GroupByPlugin|
|''Description''|Mimics allTags macro to provide ways of creating lists grouping tiddlers by any field|
|''Version''|0.6.1|
|''Author''|Jon Robson|
|''Status''|beta|
!Usage
{{{<<groupBy tags>>}}}
mimics allTags macro

{{{<<groupBy server.bag>>}}}
groups by the server.bag field (this version contains TiddlySpace specific code for turning a bag into a space name)

{{{groupBy modified dateFormat:"YYYY"}}}
group tiddlers by year.

{{{<<groupBy tags exclude:excludeLists exclude:systemConfig>>}}}
group tiddlers by tag but exclude the tags with values excludeLists and systemConfig

Within that group you can also exclude things by filter
{{{groupBy modifier filter:[tag[film]]}}}
will group tiddlers tagged with film by modifier.
***/
//{{{
(function($) {
var taglocale = config.views.wikified.tag;
var macro = config.macros.groupBy = {
	locale: {
		tooltip: "all tiddlers in group %0",
		noTiddlers: "no tiddlers",
		openAllText: taglocale.openAllText,
		openAllTooltip: taglocale.openAllTooltip,
		openTiddler: "open tiddler with title %0"
	},
	morpher: {
		// TODO: note currently the following 2 morphers are TiddlySpace specific and probably should be in separate plugin
		"server.workspace": function(value, options) {
			return macro.morpher["server.bag"](value.replace("bags/", "").replace("recipes/", ""));
		},
		"server.bag": function(value, options) {
			if(typeof(value) !== "string") {
				return false;
			} else if(value.indexOf("_public") === -1 && value.indexOf("_private") === -1) {
				value = "*%0".format(value); // add star for non-space bags.
			}
			return value.replace("_public", "").replace("_private", "");
		},
		created: function(value, options) {
			return value.formatString(options.dateFormat || "DD MMM YYYY");
		},
		modified: function(value, options) {
			return macro.morpher.created(value, options);
		}
	},

	handler: function(place, macroName, params, wikifier, paramString) {
		var field = params[0] || "server.workspace";
		var dateFormat = params[1] || "DD MMM YYYY";
		var container = $("<div />").attr("macroName", macroName).addClass("groupBy").
			attr("refresh", "macro").attr("fieldName", field).
			attr("paramString", paramString).
			attr("dateFormat", dateFormat).appendTo(place)[0];
		macro.refresh(container);
	},
	isTypeArray: function(value) {
		var valueType = typeof value;
		if(valueType === "object" && typeof value.length === "number" &&
			!(value.propertyIsEnumerable("length")) &&
			typeof value.splice === "function") { //is Array
			return true;
		} else {
			return false;
		}
	},
	_onClickGroup: function(ev, options) {
		var i, target = ev.target, locale = macro.locale;
		var tiddlers = $(target).closest(".templateContainer").data("tiddlers");
		var popup = $(Popup.create(target)).addClass("taggedTiddlerList")[0];
		var value = $(target).attr("value");
		var openAll = createTiddlyButton($("<li />").appendTo(popup)[0],
			locale.openAllText.format(value), locale.openAllTooltip);
		$(openAll).click(function(ev) {
			story.displayTiddlers(ev.target, tiddlers);
			return false;
		});
		var listBreak = $("<li />").addClass("listBreak").html("<div />").appendTo(popup);
		for(i = 0; i < tiddlers.length; i++) {
			var item = $("<li />").appendTo(popup)[0];
			var template = store.getTiddlerText(options.template) || macro.template;
			wikify(template, item, null, tiddlers[i]);
		}
		listBreak.clone().appendTo(popup);
		$(createTiddlyLink($("<li />").appendTo(popup)[0], value, false)).
			text(locale.openTiddler.format(value));
		Popup.show();
		ev.stopPropagation();
		return false;
	},
	_refresh: function(container, tiddlers, options) {
		var totalGroups = 0, locale = macro.locale, i, j;
		var excludeValues = options.exclude;
		var values = {}, value_ids = [];
		var field = options.field;
		var morpher = macro.morpher[field] || function(value) {
			return value;
		};
		for(i = 0; i < tiddlers.length; i++) {
			var tiddler = tiddlers[i];
			var value = tiddler[field] || tiddler.fields[field];
			value = macro.isTypeArray(value) ? value : [ value ];
			for(j = 0; j < value.length; j++) {
				var v = morpher(value[j], options);
				if(v && $.inArray(v, excludeValues) === -1) {
					totalGroups += 1;
					if(!values[v]) {
						values[v] = [];
					}
					values[v].push(tiddler);
					value_ids.pushUnique(v);
				}
			}
		}
		var ul = $("<ul />").appendTo(container)[0];
		if(totalGroups === 0) {
			$("<li />").addClass("listTitle").text(locale.noTiddlers);
		}
		value_ids = value_ids.sort();
		var groupTemplate = store.getTiddlerText(options.groupTemplate);
		var onClick = function(ev) {
			macro._onClickGroup(ev, options);
		};
		for(i = 0; i < value_ids.length; i++) {
			var title = value_ids[i];
			var info = getTiddlyLinkInfo(title);
			tiddlers = values[title];
			var btn = createTiddlyButton($("<li />").appendTo(ul)[0],
				"%0 (%1)".format(title, tiddlers.length), locale.tooltip.format(title), null, info.classes);
			if(groupTemplate) {
				$(btn).empty();
				wikify(groupTemplate, btn, null, tiddlers[0]);
			}
			$(btn).click(onClick).attr("value", title).attr("refresh", "link").attr("tiddlyLink", title);
			$(btn).addClass("templateContainer").data("tiddlers", tiddlers);
		}
	},
	refresh: function(container) {
		container = $(container).empty();
		var paramString = container.attr("paramString");
		var args = paramString.parseParams("name", null, true, false, true)[0];
		var options = { field: container.attr("fieldName"), dateFormat: container.attr("dateFormat"), exclude: args.exclude || [],
			template: args.template ? args.template[0] : false, groupTemplate: args.groupTemplate ? args.groupTemplate[0] : "" };
		var tiddlers = args.filter ? store.filterTiddlers(args.filter[0]) : store.getTiddlers("title");
		macro._refresh(container, tiddlers, options);
	},
	template: "<<view title link>>"
};

}(jQuery));
//}}}
''C''omputer ''S''upported ''C''ollaborative ''L''earning

Paradigm given in [[Koschmann 1996]]

(1) joint construction of a problem solution, 
(2) coordination of group members for planning the tasks,
(3) semi-structuration of the interaction mechanisms 
(4) focus on both the learning process and the learning result, and therefore, explicit representation of the production and interaction processes.

See review of field in [[Resta & Laferriere, 2007]]
|||!Engine|
|||  Pico |
|''SSML tag''|''SSML element''||
|audio|src"=//filename//"|N|
|speak|xml|Silence|
|speak|lang|N|
|voice|gender|N|
||name|N|
|break||N|
|say-as|interpret-as|N|
|phoneme|alphabet = "ipa"|N|
|prosody|rate|N|
||contour|N|
|emphasis|N|
|mark||N|
|lexicon||N|
/***
|''Name''|TiddlySpaceViewTypes|
|''Version''|0.6.0|
|''Status''|@@beta@@|
|''Description''|Provides TiddlySpace specific view types|
|''Author''|Jon Robson|
|''Source''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace/raw/master/src/plugins/TiddlySpaceViewTypes.js|
|''Requires''|TiddlySpaceConfig TiddlySpaceTiddlerIconsPlugin|
!Usage
Provides replyLink, spaceLink and SiteIcon view types.
!!SiteIcon view parameters
* labelPrefix / labelSuffix : prefix or suffix the label with additional text. eg. labelPrefix:'modified by '
* spaceLink: if set to "yes" will make any avatars link to the corresponding space. {{{<<originMacro spaceLink:yes>>}}}

!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

var tiddlyspace = config.extensions.tiddlyspace;
var originMacro = config.macros.tiddlerOrigin;
var tweb = config.extensions.tiddlyweb;

config.macros.view.replyLink = {
	locale: {
		label: "Reply to this tiddler"
	}
};

var _replyButtons = [];
var _replyInitialised, _replyScriptLoaded;
config.macros.view.views.replyLink = function(value, place, params, wikifier,
		paramString, tiddler) {
	var valueField = params[0];
	var imported;
	if(valueField == "title") { // special casing for imported tiddlers
		var localTitle = tiddler.title;
		var serverTitle = tiddler.fields["server.title"];
		if(serverTitle && localTitle != serverTitle) {
			value = serverTitle ? serverTitle : localTitle;
			imported = true;
		}
	} else {
		title = tiddler[valueField] ? tiddler[valueField] : tiddler.fields[valueField];
	}
	var args = paramString.parseParams("anon")[0];
	var label = (args.label) ? args.label : config.macros.view.replyLink.locale.label;
	var space;
	if(tiddler) {
		var bag = tiddler.fields["server.bag"];
		space = tiddlyspace.resolveSpaceName(bag);
	}
	var container = $('<span class="replyLink" />').appendTo(place)[0];

	tweb.getUserInfo(function(user) {
		if ((!user.anon) && ((space && user.name != space &&
				user.name != tiddlyspace.currentSpace.name) || imported)) {
			var link = $("<a />")
				.text(config.macros.view.replyLink.locale.label)
				.appendTo(container)[0];

			if(typeof(createReplyButton) === "undefined") {
				_replyButtons.push(link);
			}
			if(_replyInitialised) {
				createReplyButton(link);
			} else if(!_replyScriptLoaded) {
				_replyScriptLoaded = true;
				$.getScript("/bags/common/tiddlers/_reply-button.js",
					function() {
						_replyInitialised = true;
						for(var i = 0; i < _replyButtons.length; i++) {
							createReplyButton(_replyButtons[i]);
						}
						_replyButtons = [];
					});
			}
		}
	});

};

config.macros.view.views.spaceLink = function(value, place, params, wikifier,
		paramString, tiddler) {
		var spaceName = tiddlyspace.resolveSpaceName(value);
		var isBag = params[0] == "server.bag" && value === spaceName ? true : false;
		var args = paramString.parseParams("anon")[0];
		var titleField = args.anon[2];
		var labelField = args.labelField ? args.labelField[0] : false;
		var label;
		if(labelField) {
			label = tiddler[labelField] ? tiddler[labelField] : tiddler.fields[labelField];
		} else {
			label = args.label ? args.label[0] : false;
		}
		var title = tiddler[titleField] ? tiddler[titleField] : tiddler.fields[titleField];

		var link = createSpaceLink(place, spaceName, title, label, isBag);
		if(args.external && args.external[0] == "no") {
			$(link).click(function(ev) {
				var el = $(ev.target);
				var title = el.attr("tiddler");
				var bag = el.attr("bag");
				var space = el.attr("tiddlyspace");
				bag = space ? space + "_public" : bag;
				if(title && bag) {
					ev.preventDefault();
					tiddlyspace.displayServerTiddler(el[0], title,
						"bags/" + bag);
				}
				return false;
			});
		}
};

config.macros.view.views.SiteIcon = function(value, place, params, wikifier,
		paramString, tiddler) {
	var options = originMacro.getOptions(paramString);
	if(!tiddler || value == "None") { // some core tiddlers lack modifier
		value = false;
	}
	var field = params[0];
	if(field == "server.bag") {
		options.notSpace = !originMacro._isSpace(value);
	}
	tiddlyspace.renderAvatar(place, value, options);
};

})(jQuery);
//}}}
/***
|''Name''|DiffFormatter|
|''Description''|highlighting of text comparisons|
|''Author''|FND|
|''Version''|0.9.0|
|''Status''|beta|
|''Source''|http://svn.tiddlywiki.org/Trunk/contributors/FND/formatters/DiffFormatter.js|
|''CodeRepository''|http://svn.tiddlywiki.org/Trunk/contributors/FND/|
|''License''|[[BSD|http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php]]|
|''Keywords''|formatting|
!Description
Highlights changes in a unified [[diff|http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diff#Unified_format]].
!Notes
Based on Martin Budden's [[DiffFormatterPlugin|http://svn.tiddlywiki.org/Trunk/contributors/MartinBudden/formatters/DiffFormatterPlugin.js]].
!Usage
The formatter is applied to blocks wrapped in <html><code>{{{diff{..}}}</code></html> within tiddlers tagged with "diff".
!Revision History
!!v0.9 (2010-04-07)
* initial release; fork of DiffFormatterPlugin
!StyleSheet
.diff { white-space: pre; font-family: monospace; }
.diff ins, .diff del { display: block; text-decoration: none; }
.diff ins { background-color: #dfd; }
.diff del { background-color: #fdd; }
.diff .highlight { background-color: [[ColorPalette::SecondaryPale]]; }
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function() {

config.shadowTiddlers.StyleSheetDiffFormatter = store.getTiddlerText(tiddler.title + "##StyleSheet");
store.addNotification("StyleSheetDiffFormatter", refreshStyles);

var formatters = [{
		name: "diffWrapper",
		match: "^\\{\\{diff\\{\n", // XXX: suboptimal
		termRegExp: /(.*\}\}\})$/mg,
		handler: function(w) {
			var el = createTiddlyElement(w.output, "div", null, "diff");
			w.subWikifyTerm(el, this.termRegExp);
		}
	}, {
		name: "diffRange",
		match: "^(?:@@|[+\\-]{3}) ",
		lookaheadRegExp: /^(?:@@|[+\-]{3}) .*\n/mg,
		handler: function(w) {
			createTiddlyElement(w.output, "div", null, "highlight").
				innerHTML = "&#8230;";
			this.lookaheadRegExp.lastIndex = w.matchStart;
			var lookaheadMatch = this.lookaheadRegExp.exec(w.source);
			if(lookaheadMatch && lookaheadMatch.index == w.matchStart) {
				w.nextMatch = this.lookaheadRegExp.lastIndex;
			}
		}
	}, {
		name: "diffAdded",
		match: "^\\+",
		termRegExp: /(\n)/mg,
		handler: function(w) {
			var el = createTiddlyElement(w.output, "ins", null, "added");
			w.subWikifyTerm(el, this.termRegExp);
		}
	}, {
		name: "diffRemoved",
		match: "^-",
		termRegExp: /(\n)/mg,
		handler: function(w) {
			var el = createTiddlyElement(w.output, "del", null, "removed");
			w.subWikifyTerm(el, this.termRegExp);
		}
	}
];

config.parsers.diffFormatter = new Formatter(formatters);
config.parsers.diffFormatter.format = "diff";
config.parsers.diffFormatter.formatTag = "diff";

})();
//}}}
<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xl="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" version="1.1" viewBox="364 157 64 51" width="30" height="30"><g stroke="none" stroke-opacity="1" stroke-dasharray="none" fill="none" fill-opacity="1"><g><path class="glyph" d="M 364.50006 184.50061 L 386.99985 207.00037 L 396 198.00002 L 373.50003 175.50066 Z M 403.02295 181.97704 C 400.38693 179.34099 396.11307 179.34099 393.47702 181.97704 C 390.841 184.61307 390.841 188.88695 393.47702 191.52298 C 396.11307 194.15903 400.38693 194.15903 403.02295 191.52298 C 405.65906 188.88695 405.65906 184.61307 403.02295 181.97704 M 414.27298 170.72704 C 411.63693 168.091 407.36307 168.091 404.72702 170.72704 C 402.091 173.36308 402.091 177.63693 404.72702 180.27296 C 407.36307 182.90901 411.63693 182.90901 414.27298 180.27296 C 416.90903 177.63693 416.90903 173.36308 414.27298 170.72704 M 425.523 159.47705 C 422.88696 156.841 418.6131 156.841 415.97705 159.47705 C 413.341 162.11308 413.341 166.38695 415.97705 169.02295 C 418.6131 171.65903 422.88696 171.65903 425.523 169.02295 C 428.15906 166.38695 428.15906 162.11308 425.523 159.47705" fill="#020202"/></g></g></svg>
/***
|''Name''|TiddlySpaceCloneCommand|
|''Version''|0.5.8|
|''Description''|provides a toolbar command for cloning external tiddlers|
|''Status''|stable|
|''Source''|http://github.com/TiddlySpace/tiddlyspace/raw/master/src/plugins/TiddlySpaceCloneCommand.js|
|''Requires''|TiddlySpaceConfig TiddlySpaceFilters|
!Code
***/
//{{{
(function($) {

var cmd = config.commands;
var tiddlyspace = config.extensions.tiddlyspace;

var fieldsCache = {};

cmd.cloneTiddler = {
	text: cmd.editTiddler.text,
	tooltip: "Create a copy of this tiddler in the current space",
	errorMsg: "Error publishing %0: %1",

	isEnabled: function(tiddler) {
		return !config.filterHelpers.is.local(tiddler) && !readOnly;
	},
	handler: function(ev, src, title) {
		var tiddler = store.getTiddler(title);
		if(tiddler) {
			fieldsCache[title] = $.extend({}, tiddler.fields);
			tiddler.fields["server.workspace"] = tiddlyspace.getCurrentWorkspace(config.options.chkPrivateMode ?
		"private" : "public");
			tiddler.fields["server.permissions"] = "read, write, create"; // no delete
			delete tiddler.fields["server.page.revision"];
			delete tiddler.fields["server.title"];
			delete tiddler.fields["server.etag"];
			// special handling for pseudo-shadow tiddlers
			if(tiddlyspace.coreBags.contains(tiddler.fields["server.bag"])) {
				tiddler.tags.remove("excludeLists");
			}
		} else { // ensure workspace is the current space
			var el = story.findContainingTiddler(src);
			el = $(el);
			var fields = el.attr("tiddlyfields");
			if(fields) { // inherited via TiddlyLink
				fields = fields.decodeHashMap();
				fields["server.workspace"] = config.
					defaultCustomFields["server.workspace"];
			} else {
				fields = config.defaultCustomFields;
			}
			fields = String.encodeHashMap(fields);
			el.attr("tiddlyfields", fields);
		}
		cmd.editTiddler.handler.apply(this, arguments);
		if(tiddler) {
			tiddler.fields["server.permissions"] += ", delete";
		}
		return false;
	}
};

cmd.editTiddler.isEnabled = function(tiddler) {
	return !cmd.cloneTiddler.isEnabled.apply(this, arguments);
};

// hijack cancelTiddler to restore original fields
var _cancelHandler = cmd.cancelTiddler.handler;
cmd.cancelTiddler.handler = function(ev, src, title) {
	var tiddler = store.getTiddler(title);
	if(tiddler) {
		tiddler.fields = fieldsCache[title] || tiddler.fields;
		delete fieldsCache[title];
	}
	return _cancelHandler.apply(this, arguments);
};

// hijack saveTiddler to clear unused fields stash
var _saveHandler = cmd.saveTiddler.handler;
cmd.saveTiddler.handler =  function(ev, src, title) {
	delete fieldsCache[title];
	return _saveHandler.apply(this, arguments);
};

})(jQuery);
//}}}
Levy, M. 1990 Concordances and their integration into a word processing envirnment for language learners //System.// Vol. 18. No. 2. pp. 177-188. 
<<tiddler Backstage##Tiddlers>>
I do want to make use of this as it models the parallel "design" processes of a number of similar activities:
|ILD|''I''ntegrative ''L''earning ''D''esign|
||Product Design|
|ISD|Instructional Systems Design|
||Usage Centred Design|
||Innovation Development|
||Educational Research|